Advice 1: How to apply a layer mask in Photoshop

Mask layer in Photoshop, it's absolutely magic tool. It is a grayscale channel with black or white background, the "weight" of 8 bits. The mask determines which areas of a layer are visible and which are not. It can be as plain or gradient, depending on the choice of the artist. Applying a mask layer, you can achieve a special, amazing, effects. The main feature of the mask is that pixels that have disappeared or changed under the mask is not lost, you can recover them by removing the mask.
The use of layer mask
You will need
  • Adobe Photoshop, photos.
To work with mask layers, you must create it. For this there is the Add Layer Mask button located at the bottom of the Layers palette. Running this command, Photoshop creates a mask for the active layer. Next to the image thumbnail in the Layers palette occurs the white rectangle. White color for the mask layer designates an opaque region, while black is transparent. Shades of grey are responsible for the translucent region.
Create mask <strong>layer</strong>
Applying a mask layer, you can create a montage of two photos. To do this, place the images on different layers one over the other. In this one image overlaps another. Then you need to create a mask layer for the top of the image. Then you can begin working in the mask. To work in a mask, click it with the mouse or pen. You should then fill the whole mask with black color by pressing Ctrl+Backspace. When the entire mask is filled with black, it becomes transparent. Next, you can go directly to the creation of the collage. To do this, with a brush, it is necessary to paint on the mask the area you want to make visible.
Work in the mask <strong>layer</strong>
With a mask layer , you can create smooth transitions between two images using the Gradient tool. For this you need to copy the images on two different layers, and to the top of them to apply the mask. Then, going into the mask , press G to apply the gradient. It should be checked in the properties panel, so that the gradient was a smooth transition from black to white. So that the gradient was smooth, you should hold down the Shift key to hold on the mask line from top to bottom, starting from about one third image from the bottom.
Mask + gradient
This replicated the effect of how the text filled in any image can be created with the help of a mask layer. To do this, create a blank document and copy to a new layer in any image. Then click T (Text) and in the properties panel, click the "Text mask". You must then dial the desired text and click on the button to create the mask layer. As a result of these simple manipulations of text filled with image.
Text filled with image
By default, the generated mask is filled with pure white. That is, the image is not masked, the impact of this effect is 100%. The mask can only display shades of gray, so when using color gradients on the mask will still appear transitions only in shades of grey.
Useful advice
The mask is convenient to use as a "snapshot" of you created the selection. To do this, simply go to the Channels tab and click the "Save selection as channel". There will be new black-and-white alpha channel. Now you can deselect. The mask can be used when required, just click on it, hold down the Ctrl key.

Advice 2: How to make a layer mask in Photoshop

Mask in Photoshop is one of tools to reversibly create a transparent area on any of the layers except for the background. There are several ways to create masks in this photo editor.
How to make a layer mask in Photoshop
You will need
  • - Photoshop;
  • image.
To create a mask layer in Photoshop you should choose one of the options of the group Layer Mask from the Layer menu. The use of Reveal All is not visually change the image on the masked layer, but next to the icon layer icon will appear in the mask.
To start editing the mask, not the image, click on the mask icon. Application of this option Reveal All justified, if the area of the layer you want to make transparent, much less part of the image that will remain unchanged. To make part of picture transparent paint over the desired fragment black color on the mask.
Option Hide All will make the layer completely transparent, and the mask rectangle that will appear in the layers palette will be filled with black colour. To use this option more convenient in the case that layer, except for a small region, you need to make transparent. In order to indicate the opaque portions of the layer, paint them on the mask with white color.
To edit a layer mask you can use the tools Brush Tool, Paint Bucket Tool and tools Shape Tool, switched the mode to Fill pixels.
Adjustment layers in Photoshop are created by default with a layer mask in Reveal All mode. They are designed to apply a series of filters to all the visible layers file. To edit the mask in the adjustment layer using the same tools and colors, and to change the layer mask with the image.
To the layer filter or an image, you can apply two independently editable masks, one of which is a raster and the second vector. To create a vector mask, use one of the options of the group Vector Mask Layer menu. Like raster, vector mask can be created using the Reveal All or Hide All.
To edit vector masks, the Pen Tool and apply the tool, Shape Tool in Shape Layers mode.
Another way of changing the opacity of the layer in Photoshop is creating the clipping mask. To create a mask of this type will be positioned below the layer with the image, part of which should be made transparent, the image on the limits of the opaque area which will be clipped to this layer. The basis for a clipping mask can serve as opaque lettering, geometric figure, or any layer with transparency.
Click on the top layer and apply the option Create Clipping Mask from the Layer menu. The layer with the image will remain opaque only those areas that lie over opaque areas of a layer-basis.

Advice 3: How to work with layers in Photoshop

Layers in Photoshop can be thought of as a bundle of transparent glass, each of which caused its own separate image. Any of them can be edited without changing the other. And the total image consists of a combination of all layers
Any document in photoshop consists of a combination of the individual layers

What layers

By using layers you can drastically change the image without screwing up the original. For example, a single layer you can add for color correction, one for sharpening, and the third for any additional items. The use of layers gives you the ability to:

- change the size of an individual object without affecting other elements of the image;
- to combine multiple images into one to create a collage;
- move the image elements relative to each other;
- "hide" part of the image, revealing the contents of the lower layers;
- change the layer's blending mode — method interaction between color pixels are located on different layers;
- to adjust the color and lighting of images without changing the source code.

When you save your work in psd or tiff Photoshop remembers all created layers. This gives you the opportunity at any time to continue editing the image, change some effects or create new ones.

The Layers Palette — Layers

To work with layers, creating, duplicating, combining, move, or delete is a special palette. It is called Layers, Layers. To open the layers palette, click Window — a "Window" and select Layers — Layers from the drop-down list. You can also use the hot key F7.

Each layer that exists in the document corresponds to a certain row of the Layers palette where you will see a thumbnail image of the layer by its name. The thumbnail can be increased. To do this, go to the palette (by clicking the small button top right) and select Panel options "panel Settings". You will be offered a choice of several thumbnails of different sizes.

At the top of the layers palette is the string to filter layers by parameters. The choice of parameters is made from the drop-down menu or using the icons located on the right. This feature first appeared in version of Adobe Photoshop CS6 and helps you quickly find layers with defined properties.

Below is the line that gives the option to choose the layer's blending mode from the scrolling menu, set the degree of opacity and fill. And, in addition, apply one of the four kinds of locks, each of which isolates a layer from changes in certain parameters: Lock transparent pixels protects the transparent pixels, Lock image pixel stores the color pixels, Lock position and prohibits movement of the layer and Lock all — completely blocks the layer from any changes.

To the left of the layer thumbnail icon located in the eye. If you click on it with the left mouse button, the layer becomes invisible. And the icon changes to a closed eye. Enable layer visibility, you can re-click. To make invisible all the layers except the selected one, press the Alt key and click on the "Eye" icon next to that layer.

At the bottom of the Layers palette is a row of buttons. You can use them to perform basic tasks when working with layers is to link selected layers, apply layer effects, add mask to the active layer, add an adjustment layer, group layers create a new layer or delete selected.

When working in photoshop all actions apply only to the active layer. To make the layer active, simply select it by clicking on its corresponding row in the Layers panel. If a layer is selected, its line is colored in blue. To simultaneously select multiple layers, hold the Ctrl key and successively click on the line with their names.

If you click the right mouse button on the line with the name of the layer opens a dropdown menu with a list of all possible commands. Unavailable actions are displayed in a light gray color.
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