Techno-futurism. Technocracy, power, machines, artificial intelligence and the merging of man with machine - key points of this direction. The city- urban landscapes suggest the presence of complex mechanisms, robots, sometimes humanoid, bizarre aircraft and ground vehicles. Gadgets - an indispensable attribute of the citizens. Quite interesting to see the school or the hospital where the students are working with the most bizarre devices, and patients can move through a complex artificial limbs and even exoskeletons. Descriptions of such landscapes can be found, for example, in the novels of William Gibson and other representatives of the direction cyberpunk.
Eco-utopia. The celebration of ecology, bioengineering and high technology. The urban landscape predpolagaet harmonious fusion of high technology with fancy plants. One of the "chips" in this direction - the floating city and the biôdome in the trunks of trees or on trees. A typical eco-city of the future is similar to an English Park, whose residents ride bikes or use personal aerial vehicles. As for the landscape as a whole, the roof eco-buildings is covered with vegetation or solar panels, wind turbines - of any other sources of eco energy. Recycling plant debris is perhaps one of the most important attractions of the eco-city of the future.
Apocalypse. Pessimistic model city of the future is non-standard, but it is possible choice. If the artist wants to emphasize that the current problems will lead to catastrophe (be it scientific, technical, military or environmental perspective), he is free to portray the urban landscape, destroyed by military action, or staying in ruins. For example, there are no people in the empty houses and frolicking animals, plants encircle the lampposts, the trees make their way through cracked asphalt.
Dystopia. A description of these landscapes and cities can be found, for example, in the novels "We" Zamyatin, "1984" Orwell, "brave new world" by Aldous Huxley. The space of these works is the world, or a closed city, where a separate person with absolute control, where personal life is not as a phenomenon, all in the mind. So, Zamyatina, a Central element of the urban landscape is home, a glass wall which is not allowed to retire. Citizens almost faceless, they walk in formation, at parade rest, dressed in the same tunic with the numbers. Another important point - the city wall and the dome. Surveillance, guards in fancy outfit, citizens - in the same clothes are the signs of the city's future this type.
It is impossible to draw a city's future without its citizens. But what they look like - it depends on the model of the future. We can say for sure that the subject of controlled mutations, "biological upgrade and merger of man and machine is quite in demand in this context, regardless of the social system of the city of the future. For example, Saul bellow's novel "the planet of Mr. Sammler" describes a person 's future as follows: "a colossal personality beautiful green color, with a hand that developed into a set of universal tools, instruments accurate and thin, with thumb and forefinger, is able to convey thousands of pounds of pressure."