# Advice 1: How to calculate the average number of employees

The main advantage of all organizations – it's his footage! So says traditional methods of management. Often in statistics, analysis or calculation of the production performance of the organization is required to determine the average number of employees, which is calculated based on a formula developed by Rosstat in 2008.
You will need
• Staffing
• Calculator
• A pen and a notebook
Instruction
1
Determine the average number of specialists on the payroll or number of employees who are officially employed in the company. This figure is equal to the sum of employees working full and part time. The number of employees working full time, is determined on each day of the month and multiplied by the number of days (working) in a month. But the number of staff working part-time is defined as follows – the number of hours worked*standard duration innumber of days in the month. This indicator is calculated separately for each employee, the final numbers are added.
2
Calculate the number of employees sovmestitelstvom are defined, the number of specialists in payroll, go to the calculation of the number of workers external part-time workers, i.e. professionals who work in the enterprise-record and replace any of the employees. The calculation of this index is similar to calculating the number of employees who work part-time.
3
Calculate the number of employees working in civil dogovornaia determine the average number of employeesthat perform their duties on the basis of a civil contract. The procedure for calculating this indicator is the following: first calculate how many employees worked every single calendar day in the month. Then the totals are added and divided by the number of months.
4
Calculate the average number of employees.At this point it is necessary to add up all the indicators. Thus, the calculation of the number of employees is a complex process that requires the accountant a huge amount of time and attention. Each specialist and the number of hours they worked should be taken into account in this indicator, it is therefore often the average number of employees is considered by means of specially developed programs.

# Advice 2 : How to calculate the number of employees

Economics is an exact science, so if you want to calculate the number of workers, their optimal number, this can be done using simple calculations. Your management task is to get to the company such number of personnel not to pay the salaries of extra staff and ensure adherence to the normal work mode with the required numberm of days of rest for those who work on it.
Instruction
1
For the calculation of staff numbers (SCP) you need to determine two parameters, the normative number of the personnel (NCP) and the planning factor (KP), which takes into account the lack of workers at work places because of being in regular employment, vacation, or sick leave without pay.
2
Regulatory the number calculated by the formula:
NP = Op / (RV * NV * KVN), where:
Op – the volume of the (planned) work, expressed in the units of prices which are used in your enterprise
FRv – Fund of working time in the time expression, it is determined by the annual production calendar,
NV – rate revenue
KVN – the planned rate of implementation of the standards. It is determined by dividing the planned revenues for the current period by the amount of actual revenue for the previous period
3
The planned coefficient KP is calculated according to the formula:
KP = DN + 1, where:
Days – share of non-working time in the General Fund of working time for the current statistics period.
4
Days = SN / FRU, where:
SN – projected total hours of absenteeism of employees at work. In accordance with the Labour code of the Russian Federation, the total number of days of absenteeism is 49, of which 28 – the next vacation, the 14 – standard sick leave, 7 – rate of leave without pay. When the 8-hour working day SN will be equal to 392 hours.
5
The number of workersyou need in the enterprise, will be equal to:
SCP = NP * KP,
note that the number of staff shall be determined without technical staff – cleaners, porters, drivers.

# Advice 3 : How to calculate the standard number

The calculation of the normative number of staff required for the formation of the optimal number of employees of state enterprises. This administrative task allows you to achieve your goals and at the same time to observe the regime of work and rest of the staff given that some of the staff not come to work due to temporary incapacity, or another labor vacations.
Instruction
1
To determine the required staff number of staff (W), which is optimal, use the following formula:
W = N * KN,
where: N – normative number of workers
KN – the planning factor to the absence of employees at work due to illness or being in regular employment vacation.
The required number of staff staff (W) is defined without technical staff to porters, drivers, cleaners.
2
KN is calculated according to the formula:
KN = 1 + Days,
where: DN – the share which is outside of time in the General Fund of working time for a certain statistical period. The total Fund of working time is determined according to production calendar. Days is calculated as the ratio of the amount of hours of absenteeism employees to work to the total working hours for a specified period.
3
When calculating Days, note that according to the law, in accordance with the Labour Code of the Russian Federation, the planned number of working days is 49. Among them: 28 working days – regular paid leave 7 working days – this provision of leave without pay and 14 working days – the norm of absenteeism on the basis of temporary disability leaves. When the 8-hour working day total number of hours during the year will be 392 hours.
4
To calculate labour force; (H) use the formula:
N = V / (FRv * Nvar * KVN),
Where: V – the planned volume of work in those units that are accepted in the enterprise,
FRv – Fund of working time for the upcoming planning period on the production calendar, expressed in hours,
Nwir – rate revenue.
KVN coefficient routine enforcement of regulations.
KVN coefficient is defined as the quotient of the magnitude of the planned revenues for the relevant period of the plan year to the amount of actual revenue of the previous year.

# Advice 4 : How to determine the average number of employees

Definition the average number of employeesworking in the enterprise, you need to fill in the statistical reporting forms approved by order of Rosstat 12.11.2008 №278. In the said order prescribed and the procedure for determining the average number. In accordance with the tax legislation, this information of enterprises – legal persons are obliged to provide the tax authority at the place of registration not later than 20 January of the following year.
Instruction
1
The average number of employees of the organization takes into account the average number of employees. Separately, we consider the average number working on the external alignment of posts and the average number of employees, which were entered into a civil contract to perform specific work. Background information necessary to take in the timesheet. They filled in each division of your company. The calculations refer to paragraphs 81 to 84 of Order No. 278.
2
The timesheet payroll time determine the number on a certain date, for example, on the last day of the reporting period. Note that not all categories of workers shall be taken into account, their list is given in paragraph 83. Some of the workers that contribute to payroll, are also not factored into the average. These include women who are on leave for pregnancy and childbirth, as well as those who are enrolled or were enrolled in universities.
3
Determine the number of employees at the end of each month of the reporting year. It is determined on each calendar day. In this case , the number in weekends and holidays equal to the number of the working day before the weekend. Note that this includes the owners of the business, if they have it paid for. Vacationers who are granted a regular vacation; employees who are on sick leave or absent on official business (the business trip) are also considered in the calculation.
4
Fold list the number for each day of a particular month and divide it by the number of calendar days in it. The resulting value is rounded to the nearest units. It will be the average value for that month.
5
For each period, which is a reporting quarter, year, add the average numbers for the months that go into it and divide, respectively, on 3 or 12. This will be the average value over a specific quarter or fiscal year.
When calculating the payroll of those employees who work part-time, half rate, get fee or not working a full day are counted as one unit.

# Advice 5 : How to calculate average number of employees

For a business to effectively use labor resources, a system of indicators characterizing the quantitative and qualitative changes in the composition and structure of the staff. Quantitative characteristics of the labor resources of the organization measured performance of the payroll and the average number of employees.
Instruction
1
Before to proceed to the calculation of the average annual number of employees, please note that the payroll includes all permanent, temporary and seasonal workers. This starts the recording in the employment record of employment. Each employee can be on the payroll of just one company. In the payroll includes all employees and do not appear to work for various reasons (illness, vacation, etc.).
2
In addition, you should know that when calculating the average number of employees is taken into account the work of the external part. These include those who are in the list of the other businesses, but perform the work at the firm part-time not more than 0.5. In the composition of employees can be also the persons performing work under contracts. At the time of the contract it is considered permanent workers and are considered at calculation of average number of workers, are not counted in determining the average.
3
So, the average number of employees for the month you can define as the ratio of calendar Fund of working time (person-days) to the number of calendar days of the month. At the same time for weekends and holidays, take into account the number of the day preceding the output, or a holiday.
4
Because every day the number of employees includes appear and do not appear to work, the average number of employees for the month can be found as the ratio of the sum of appearances and absences to the number of calendar days in the month.
5
The average number of employees for any period you can find as the sum of average monthly population divided by the number of months in the period under review. Thus, the average annual number of employees is determined by adding the average of their numbers for each month of the year and dividing by 12.
6
Note that the average number of employees differs from the average number. It includes a calendar Fund of working time of part-time workers and persons working under contracts.
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