Domestic and foreign manufacturers delight us with such a wide range of hands that someone who decided to do what any hobby can be very difficult to choose the right tool. Brush only take sometimes entire departments in stores for artists. How to choose and not to spend a lot?
Let's start with the classification of brushes according to shape. The simplest division is a flat and round brush.
In painting I use a flat brush when working with oil paints, tempera, acrylic, gouache. Round brushes are usually used in watercolor painting, and also the above techniques to render small elements.
How to determine the size. Very often, aspiring artist receives a list from the teacher with the number of brushes required for employment. In the classical numbering, the number of the brush is its size in millimeters. For example, a round brush No. 3 will have a diameter of 3mm. For the flat number is the width, flat brushes are usually numbered in even numbers only. But... there are exceptions to the rule. First, each manufacturer there are many series of brushes that are slightly different from each other, for example, the length of the handle or the length of the exhibition (this is actually what we draw). In each series the numbering can be arbitrary, so the two similar brushes from different series with number 6 and 12 can have almost the same size. Most often recommending the brush number, the teacher has in mind is its size in millimeters. For this to be considered when buying.
The brush can be made from natural hair bristles, proteins, column, cow ear, sable, raccoon , wolf, etc. are Now widespread brush from synthetic hair. On their some characteristics, they can beat brushes with natural hair, but in any case not replace them.
Thus, the bristles. Used for oil painting, acrylic, tempera. The bristles may be rigid and softer depending on the quality of the hair. When choosing pay attention to the tips of the hairs. They should have a natural thinning on the end, and in no case should not be circumcised. Cropped brush fit only for construction works or glue.
Columns. The king of brushes. The most expensive material, but this is the most durable, and suitable for nearly all techniques from oil to watercolor. Hair column is not rigid, but supple at the same time. Color reddish-brown.
Protein. Used mainly for watercolor. Keeps a big drop. Color black or reddish.
Cow's ear. More coarse hair than the whites, even look like speakers, but is inferior in elasticity. Most often used in children's creativity because of its cheapness.
Sable. Similar to columns among domestic brushes rare.
Raccoon. Also a rare visitor to our websites. Elastic tight hair closest to the bristles. Often found in the composition of teams of brushes for calligraphy.
Wolf. Used in calligraphic brushes.
Goat. White hair, similar in appearance to the bristles, but very soft and quite elastic. Goat hair holds a large drop, so used in the composition of a calligraphic brush. Alone are good for some watercolor techniques and painting on fabrics.
When choosing a brush, look closely as it is collected. All hair needs to be tipped up. The brush should not crumble. Professional store for artists, You will always find a container of water to check how they are going brush. The sleeve should fit snugly on the handle.
How to choose a handle - a matter of taste, but in my experience, optimum raw colour handle beech.
Advice 2: How to choose a brush for watercolor
Drawing watercolor paints are only suitable soft brush. They are usually made from natural materials, but lately, popular soft synthetic brush.
The most popular brushes for watercolor are squirrel-hair brush. They are perfect to collect water and then a long give it, which is very important especially for painting with watercolors. Correct squirrel brush should be made from the hair of squirrel's tail, if it is from the hair of the skins, its performance will be much worse. When buying brushes it is necessary to test: put it in water, the bristles are good products in the wet form will converge in a thin tip.
Due to the fact that the brush fits in the tip, it is possible to draw any strokes large and small details.
Kolinsky brushes are also very popular. Bristles column have a special flake structure that allows them to get more paint and evenly to give it to the canvas. Thus the brushes of the column gain less water than squirrel brushes, so they are easier to draw small details that can ruin the excess water. As squirrel brush, kolinsky brushes should converge at the tip when wet.
Budding artists can be recommended not to buy expensive kolinsky brushes, and replace them with cheaper mixed, in such brushes the bristles are the column mixed with synthetic bristles.
Modern synthetic materials allow to make artificial soft brush, close in its properties to the natural. Price synthetic brushes are much lower but even the best of them do not provide this quality of smears and the impact of colors, as natural. These brushes feel free to choose a Amateur artist.
The shape and size of brushes
All the brushes are numbered, the higher the number, the more smear is capable of making such a brush. Accordingly, in order to draw fine details and contours, using the brush smaller rooms, and for fills and backgrounds - more rooms.
For the most part are used to draw a round brush, but if you want to diversify your technique, you can use other brush shapes - flat, which gives an interesting oblique smear; Japanese - universal brush for drawing non-separable.
Synthetic fleyts special a very wide brush to create the watercolor fills.
In the Arsenal of the professional artist must be brushes of various shapes, sizes and types, but novice watercolorists will fit the next set of brushes - two brushes from squirrel hair are number three and number six and two kolinsky brushes - number one and number four.