Advice 1: How to drill a hole yourself

In suburban or rural area not always there is a natural spring of pure water, and the owners of the site have to resort to drilling wells that will provide them a constant source of drinking water of high quality. In order to drill the well, you can call the plot a team of specialists, drillers, and you can try to drill the hole yourself, knowing the technology of manual drilling. About how to drill the well, you will learn from this article.
How to drill a hole yourself
Instruction
1
Start drilling from the excavation of the test pit two meters depth, 1,5x1,5 meters in size. The walls of the dug pit panel boards, to prevent sloughing of the soil. For drilling you need a drilling rig, which over the desired point of the suspended drill column with the head.
2
Tower make of logs with a diameter of 15-20 cm, and between them secure the winch. Drilling column is composed of interconnected drill rods with a length of 3 m. Use different types of drilling heads for different ground type.
3
In maloobyasnimoe the soil, use the drill-spoon. Solid ground you need to use a drill-bit, and in a clay soil – spiral drill. The manual way you will be able to drill the well to a depth of 20 meters.
4
Install over the pit the tower and collect the drill rod, lowering it then to the pit with a winch. For rotation of the rod required the strength of two people.
5
Apply on the rod a predetermined mark at a height of 60 cm, and reaching, remove the barbell from the ground for purification. If you need a shallow well, you can drill it without a tripod, using only a bailer for drilling the percussion method.
6
Drilled the borehole to the aquifer and confining layer is reached, stop drilling and begin to prepare the well for use. Clean it and drop to the bottom of the filter of metal mesh, filling the space between the filter and walls of coarse sand.
7
Installing in the borehole a filter and relocation pipe for water, remove wood paneling from the pit and cover it with earth. To the top wells, install pump for electric or manual control.

Advice 2 : How much it costs to drill a well

Exploration of soil, drilling activity, acquisition of pumps and filters are the main items of the estimate, entitled "Drilling water wells". The price of this project depends on the depth of the well, method of drilling, installed equipment and other factors.

Plots of water height and beauty
Instruction
1
Work on drilling of wells can be divided into two parts: preliminary work and the drilling and completion of wells.
Departure of the expert on the future of drilling is usually done for free (after signing the contract to the drilling company provides such service), he conducts site inspection, determines with the customer the place of drilling. However, a special study of the soil is worth 2-3 thousand rubles. It implies a more professional manipulation of the land, including the geochemical study of soil (determination of approximate depth of occurrence of "need" water and preliminary analysis of their composition).
2
Drilling cost is calculated based on the price per meter – from 2500 rubles on average. The company offering the price of 1000 rubles, as a rule, not produce the arrangement of the well (simply make a "hole" in the ground). More comfortable if the price included the casing bore pipes, the cost of pipes, installation of filters and pumps and provision of passports to the well – in other words drilling is better to order "turnkey". It is for such work, the performers take from 2000 to 2800 rubles per square meter and above.
3
The price also depends on the chosen customer method of drilling: the use of compact modular installation cheaper and easier organization of work with heavy machinery. If the area where the well is located far from the city (generally more than 50 km), the fare technicians take the extra money. Sometimes, the company in the production of works is elektroresurs of the customer – it also must be considered, estimating the amount, which will manage the drilling of the well.
4
Despite all preliminary estimates, the final price will be known only upon completion of the work – because the necessary depth of the well is not provided. Even if the adjacent plot of depth of wells is only 10 meters, on your may need to drill all 150. And even a preliminary study, paid by you is incorrect.
5
Thus, the approximate the price of the well 20 meters deep will be 50 thousand rubles, 50 feet – 125 thousand roubles, 150 meters – 375 thousand rubles, although some companies may reduce the price later on after a few dozen meters.
Note
After drilling and equipping of wells, the customer needs to be ready for such expenses as drinking water analysis for suitability for human consumption (if scheduled), regular change of filters, wells, maintenance (checking the condition of pipes, pumping equipment, quality and quantity of water).
Useful advice
Choose the executor who carries out serious hydrogeochemical studies of soil and does well "turnkey".
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