What is the rotation
The concept of crop rotation was put into use relatively recently, it is the successive planting of various vegetable crops in order to maintain the productivity of soil and reduce the number of diseases that can be transmitted through the soil. It is important to know which family includes vegetables, as in this case, pests, diseases and preferences they are similar. Tomatoes belong to the Solanaceae family as pepper, eggplant and potato. This means that they cannot be alternated in the garden with these cultures. Most preferred option: to plant tomatoes after the Cucurbitaceae, leguminous plants, beet, carrot, turnip and onion.
Tomatoes and peppers are affected by tobacco mosaic virus, Fusarium blight, spotted wilt virus, which is transmitted by thrips. When planting tomatoes in the open ground should be an overall written plan garden plantings several years in advance, given the characteristics of the plants, their preferences and peculiarities of cultivation. To develop a detailed plan, you can use the long winter evenings, to read professional literature, consult with experienced gardeners on gardening forums and websites, to consult with specialists.
How often should I change the landing site
Ideally, you need to change the place of landing of vegetables annually, this rule applies to tomatoes. However, this requirement can create some problems for gardeners if the cultivation of tomatoes used stationary greenhouse. In this case, growers often are the little tricks that in most cases, be completely justified.
Can be placed on the plot, two greenhouses and plant them in alternating tomatoes and cucumbers, these plants do not have common pests and diseases. At the same time in the same greenhouse, these vegetables can not grow – this will cause the death of cucumbers, which are more demanding to the growing conditions, humidity and temperature, in addition, they will be depressed neighborhood with tomatoes. If you have to use one greenhouse for growing tomatoes, you need to choose plants that tolerate the neighborhood with tomato bushes green plants, lettuce, radishes and annually alternate the planting inside the greenhouse.
Another way is to change annually the top layer of soil in the greenhouse to reduce the incidence of tomato. For this spring you need to remove a layer of soil of 25-30 cm, pour it on the vegetable beds and a greenhouse put in fresh fertilized soil from the garden. The disadvantage of this method is its large complexity. Before planting in the soil of seedlings of tomatoes need to shed holes of hot strong solution of potassium permanganate, and the soil enriched with lime-pushonkoj before deep digging in order to reduce its acidity. Good effect in the fight against fungal diseases gives treatment of the bushes with a solution of copper sulphate.
To prevent destruction of fruit Phytophthora, it is time to reap the harvest: at lower night temperature to + 4oC need to collect all the tomatoes and put them in boxes to ripen. Some gardeners recommend to handle the green fruits in hot water to avoid their damage.
Advice 2: How to plant tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers in the greenhouse
At what distance to plant cucumbers in a greenhouse
Start transplanting of cucumbers in Central Russia in mid-may, because at this time, often, night is no frost. As for the distance at which the plants should be from each other, it depends on the varieties of cucumbers, and method of planting.
Based on the foregoing, we conclude that the distance between the cucumbers can vary between 40 and 60 centimeters. And the vertical method of planting the optimum interval of 40-50 cm, and in horizontal - not less than 60 cm Even if you have a fairly large garden plot and you have the opportunity to select for cucumber wide bed, choose the vertical method of planting, as in this case, you will get a bigger crop of cucumbers.
At what distance to plant the tomatoes in the greenhouse
The scheme of planting tomatoes depends on the cultivar, the formation of the stems and leaves of plants. To obtain the maximum yield of tomatoes, not too sagomate, as otherwise they will not have enough sunlight, humidity exceeds all norms.
Common recommendations method of planting tomatoes is not, however, considered that the best way upsetting mid-season low-growing crops (these include varieties of "Pink leader", "Dachnik", "Fontanka", etc.) - a chess. The plants are thriving and give a good harvest when planting them in two rows, distance between rows, and by the tomato - 50 centimeters.
The mid tomato varieties stambenih (undersized Slavovitsa "bullfinch", "Dominator" etc give a good harvest and a very small area. For example, such varieties can be planted 25 cm apart, in rows at a distance of 50 centimeters. One thing to consider with this method of planting seedlings require more careful care. Indeterminate tall varieties of tomatoes should be planted at a distance of 60 centimeters from each other when the width of the rows is 70-80 cm. Data classes include "the tower", "Start 1" and other.
At what distance to plant peppers in the greenhouse
Peppers - pretty warm-weather crop, so in an average strip of Russia it is better to grow them in greenhouses and greenhouses. The width of the beds in the greenhouse should be within one meter (to make it easier to loosen the earth and to water the plants). As for the method of planting when growing peppers, giving a small fruit, plants can be planted at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other, in other cases at least 40 centimeters. In General, peppers are very fond of "freedom", so if you have the opportunity, not thickening landings. In the future you will be easier to care for plants: water them, fertilize, loosen the earth.