Advice 1: How to handle a newborn baby

The birth of a child the long-awaited and joyful event. How to grow a new person, largely depends on how it is treated in the first weeks of life. It just seems that the baby is mostly asleep. In fact, the newborn has gradually adapt to the new environment for him, learning environment and methods of its study.
How to handle a newborn baby
You will need
  • - a complete set of baby linen;
  • - first aid kit with means of care for newborns;
  • - personal hygiene;
  • - bathtub;
  • - plastic and rubber toys;
  • cot;
  • - stroller.
Prepare for the advent of the newborn before his mother will be discharged from hospital. In the first few days baby, of course, can sleep in the stroller or even cart. But it is better to immediately begin to teach to the crib. Select smooth and moderately hard mattress. The height of the walls should be such that the mother could effortlessly take the baby out of the crib.
Make sure the baby has enough clothes. Usually in the antenatal clinic and in the hospital there is a list that will need a newborn in the first weeks of life. Nothing terrible will happen if diapers and raspashonok will be more. Wash them will often, therefore, always needs to be stock. Consult your pediatrician, which should be in the home medicine Cabinet. Try to avoid surprises when at the most inopportune moment suddenly find that you have no thermometer or baby cream.
Baby in the first days of life is experiencing several stressful situations in a row. First, he comes from a warm and cozy mother's body in an unfamiliar world, where constantly changing conditions. Not having time to get used to the hospital, he goes home once again in new surroundings. Try to arrange it so that the child will feel in his new world confidently and calmly.
Learn how to take the baby. He still has pretty soft bones and muscles poorly developed. When you pick him up, your hand needs to hold his shoulders, neck and head. You cannot squeeze him on the breast and actually very gripping. In the neonatal period, which continues until the month the baby is mostly in a horizontal position. It cannot be put neither in the arm-chair, no cushion.
Even a newly born child must be able to move. Yet he moves only his hands and feet, but makes it quite intensively. If you still decided to swaddle him even at home, don't wrap too tight. Get the freedom of movements of the child develop faster.
From the earliest days of talk to a newborn. He will remember your voice, which is associated for him with comfort and protection. Say a calm gentle tone, when to change a diaper, feed or bathe. Hum songs, even if you think that can't sing. Remember that you have on hand is most grateful for the light listener.
Even with a child a few days old can play. The periods of wakefulness while that is quite short, but take a few seconds and hold the baby at the sight of a bright rattle. He gradually learns to respond to new items, it broadens his horizons and life experience, which is still very small.
Swimming is one of the most pleasant procedures. The first swim it is best to consult with the local pediatrician, who will surely come to visit you on the first day after discharge. First kid better be bathed in boiled water as the umbilical cord is not yet overgrown. Don't forget to control the temperature. The child should not have any negative emotions.
Even at such a young age, the child is some things are able to decide for himself. You will have to consider his opinion. For example, he knows how much he should sleep and eat. In medical and pedagogical literature are averages. Of course, you need to consider. But don't be alarmed if your child need to sleep a little more or a little less than its average peer. Watch his life's rhythm and try to follow it.

Advice 2: How to bathe a newborn baby right: what you need to know

First bath of the newborn, especially the first one, as exciting for his mom, like first word, first step. Many know this procedure in theory, but how to bathe a baby in fact, for them are still a mystery. Once to lift the veil on it will still have, and it might be worth passing to get rid of some of the stereotypes that have fallen to the modern generation from the previous generation.
How to bathe a newborn baby right: what you need to know


What you need for bathing a newborn

The procedure of bathing pleasure for both him and his parents need to prepare for it in advance and purchase the necessary fixtures and tools:

- a baby bath for bathing;

- thermometer for measuring water temperature;

- disinfectant (solution of manganese and soda for baths);

- herbs (series, chamomile, etc.);

- baby soap (pharmacies offer liquid form for convenience);


- 3% hydrogen peroxide and disinfectant for treatment of the navel;

- a large soft towel;

clothes after bathing (pants and vest).

When you can bathe a newborn for the first time

Many parents are worried about when the first time you can bathe the baby immediately upon return from the hospital or to wait for complete healing of the umbilical cord. If there are no contraindications, it is better to bathe the baby after the arrival.

For the first bathing of the newborn better water to boil. For disinfection use a weak solution of potassium permanganate or brewed herbs. You should pay attention to the temperature regime of the room where the procedure will be. It should not be below 24°C. the water Temperature for bathing should not exceed 36°C. usually bathing relaxes the baby, so it is best to carry out the procedure in the evening and certainly daily.

How to bathe baby

Newborn seems so fragile that many parents are afraid to take him in her arms. Do not be afraid. The main thing – to put his head on his hand and the other hand to support baby's butt. The water itself will keep it. Holding the head and upper body, you can gently pour water with his free hand.

Lathered the baby's head, should be thoroughly washed off. After that, start washing the groin area, armpits. Correctly bathing a newborn is a snap, if you have a helper. But alone the mother could cope. Many people are worried that water may get into the ears and nose of the baby. It's not terrible. She only washed and free from unnecessary germs.

During bathing the baby, you can turn on the tummy. After the whole procedure you should rinse the child's previously prepared with water from another tank. It should be a little cooler to the one in which it was bathing. Enough 34-35 °C for rinsing baby. It is better to put on your arm tummy down.

For the first time for bathing is about 5 minutes, and then gradually you can increase the time to 15 minutes. Importantly, during this period, the water gets cold.

The baby was not nervous, while swimming you need to talk or to sing a song. He needs to feel that mom is near and he doesn't need to be afraid of unfamiliar environment.

You need to start to bathe the newborn in a small amount of water, gradually increasing its volume, if the baby is frightened and crying. In extreme cases, can wipe with baby wipes. Soap when bathing it is enough to use only once a week.

Not dangerous bathing a newborn

A high probability that many parents pay so much attention to a simple, seemingly simple procedure because of the fear that while bathing a child can swallow the water or even drown. This is a false alarm. The body of a newborn baby is perfectly adapted to such conditions: if liquid gets in the airway occurs reflex spasm, breath holding. So to drown the baby can not in principle.

Modern education and training school of young parents are specially trained to dip babies in the bath with the head, so that a child no longer lost such a useful skill. The fact is that if the newborn when bathing doesn't dive reflex fades around the age of two months.

Some useful tips

What else to consider when bathing the baby to have the procedure was a pleasant occupation:

1. When bathing it is not recommended to close the door in the room. In this case, the temperature should be the same as in the bathroom and in the room where the baby will wear, to be put to sleep.

2. To prevent drafts in the apartment.

3. Starting from the second month of life the baby gradually reduce the water temperature to 32°C for hardening.

4. While bathing a newborn is possible and even necessary to use special circles for swimming and slides. This will create convenience for parents and comfort for baby.

Do not be afraid of this rather easy procedure. Baby will enjoy the process and soon he will be willing to flounder in the adult bath.



Advice 3: What can nose drops for newborns

Spring and autumn — the peak of colds. There are several options for treatment of the common cold, however not all are suitable for newborns. To diagnose and determine treatment needs specialist, however, to know what drugs exist, would be quite superfluous.
What can nose drops for newborns
Being alone with a sick child, it is not necessary to panic and seek the assistance of "experienced" friends with a request to advise what drops drip into the nose of a newborn. Examination of the child physician will determine the type of rhinitis and to determine the method of treatment. For example, if the cause of a stuffy nose — allergies, get rid of the common cold will be impossible until then, until you identify the allergen. If the disease is not caused by a banal cold, you can take the drops with antibacterial action.

"Harmless" drops in the nose

The number of "harmless" of drugs from a cold in the pharmacy is amazing. However, in spite of the instant effect, which give many of the drugs, dependence on them grows as fast.

The most innocuous drug for the treatment of rhinitis and sinusitis can be called "Akvamaris". It consists of only sterilized sea water. Dyes and preservatives in the medication available. Newborn "Akvamaris" should be instilled 2 drops up to five times a day in each nostril. Sea water helps to moisten the nasal cavity and get rid of the formed crusts.

In the composition of vasoconstrictive drops "Nazivin" - a drug that is often used mother's for the treatment of rhinitis in children - almost the entire periodic table. The number of side effects similar to number of issues that arise from the use of "Otrivin". In fact, and in another case, nasal breathing is restored almost immediately, but after a few hours of discharge from the nose appear again. According to doctors, "Otrivine" to cure common cold in infants can be a maximum of 10 days, after which may cause addiction to the drug.
Dependence on drugs, as a rule, develops on the third day after the start of treatment. The influence of especially susceptible infants.

Special attention among the drugs aimed at the treatment of the common cold in newborns, is "Salin". The drug is effective and at the same time absolutely harmless. In fact, it is normal saline, which you can cook for yourself at home. In the case of newborns "saline", as well as other medications manufactured in the form of sprays, is to use a pipette, burying 1-2 drops of the solution 1-2 times a day.
To prepare saline at home just. For this you need to take a liter of boiled water 1 teaspoon of salt.

Another drug used in the treatment of the common cold in babies - "Protargol". Drops have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and astringent. The views of doctors and parents regarding the effectiveness and safety of drugs is divided. The silver ions contained in the droplets, able to be deposited in the human body and cause a specific disease — argyria. However, despite this, "Protargol" continue to use in the treatment of rhinitis. Medicine newborn is instilled in each nasal passage 2-3 drops, 2-3 times a day for a maximum of two weeks.

The task of parents is to facilitate the newborn's condition

In addition to these there are dozens of sprays and drops from a cold, but most of them can be used for treatment of children older than 3 years. Before to stop the choice on any of the medicines, whose operation is one — to eliminate a runny nose with one or another active substance, you should consult with your pediatrician. It the doctor will put the correct diagnosis and help to select a drug that will be effective for a particular child. Before the arrival of the specialist task of parents is to alleviate the condition of the baby. This is sometimes enough to reduce the temperature of the air and increase humidity. In a family where there are infants, the optimum temperature in the room is 22 degrees. The nose of the child can be rinsed with saline without fear of harm.
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