- - a complete set of baby linen;
- - first aid kit with means of care for newborns;
- - personal hygiene;
- - bathtub;
- - plastic and rubber toys;
- - stroller.
Advice 2: How to bathe a newborn girl
Advice 3: How to bathe a newborn baby right: what you need to know
What you need for bathing a newborn
The procedure of bathing pleasure for both him and his parents need to prepare for it in advance and purchase the necessary fixtures and tools:
- a baby bath for bathing;
- thermometer for measuring water temperature;
- disinfectant (solution of manganese and soda for baths);
- herbs (series, chamomile, etc.);
- baby soap (pharmacies offer liquid form for convenience);
- 3% hydrogen peroxide and disinfectant for treatment of the navel;
- a large soft towel;
clothes after bathing (pants and vest).
When you can bathe a newborn for the first time
Many parents are worried about when the first time you can bathe the baby immediately upon return from the hospital or to wait for complete healing of the umbilical cord. If there are no contraindications, it is better to bathe the baby after the arrival.
For the first bathing of the newborn better water to boil. For disinfection use a weak solution of potassium permanganate or brewed herbs. You should pay attention to the temperature regime of the room where the procedure will be. It should not be below 24°C. the water Temperature for bathing should not exceed 36°C. usually bathing relaxes the baby, so it is best to carry out the procedure in the evening and certainly daily.
How to bathe baby
Newborn seems so fragile that many parents are afraid to take him in her arms. Do not be afraid. The main thing – to put his head on his hand and the other hand to support baby's butt. The water itself will keep it. Holding the head and upper body, you can gently pour water with his free hand.
Lathered the baby's head, should be thoroughly washed off. After that, start washing the groin area, armpits. Correctly bathing a newborn is a snap, if you have a helper. But alone the mother could cope. Many people are worried that water may get into the ears and nose of the baby. It's not terrible. She only washed and free from unnecessary germs.
During bathing the baby, you can turn on the tummy. After the whole procedure you should rinse the child's previously prepared with water from another tank. It should be a little cooler to the one in which it was bathing. Enough 34-35 °C for rinsing baby. It is better to put on your arm tummy down.
For the first time for bathing is about 5 minutes, and then gradually you can increase the time to 15 minutes. Importantly, during this period, the water gets cold.
The baby was not nervous, while swimming you need to talk or to sing a song. He needs to feel that mom is near and he doesn't need to be afraid of unfamiliar environment.
You need to start to bathe the newborn in a small amount of water, gradually increasing its volume, if the baby is frightened and crying. In extreme cases, can wipe with baby wipes. Soap when bathing it is enough to use only once a week.
Not dangerous bathing a newborn
A high probability that many parents pay so much attention to a simple, seemingly simple procedure because of the fear that while bathing a child can swallow the water or even drown. This is a false alarm. The body of a newborn baby is perfectly adapted to such conditions: if liquid gets in the airway occurs reflex spasm, breath holding. So to drown the baby can not in principle.
Modern education and training school of young parents are specially trained to dip babies in the bath with the head, so that a child no longer lost such a useful skill. The fact is that if the newborn when bathing doesn't dive reflex fades around the age of two months.
Some useful tips
What else to consider when bathing the baby to have the procedure was a pleasant occupation:
1. When bathing it is not recommended to close the door in the room. In this case, the temperature should be the same as in the bathroom and in the room where the baby will wear, to be put to sleep.
2. To prevent drafts in the apartment.
3. Starting from the second month of life the baby gradually reduce the water temperature to 32°C for hardening.
4. While bathing a newborn is possible and even necessary to use special circles for swimming and slides. This will create convenience for parents and comfort for baby.
Do not be afraid of this rather easy procedure. Baby will enjoy the process and soon he will be willing to flounder in the adult bath.
Advice 4: What can nose drops for newborns
"Harmless" drops in the nose
The number of "harmless" of drugs from a cold in the pharmacy is amazing. However, in spite of the instant effect, which give many of the drugs, dependence on them grows as fast.
The most innocuous drug for the treatment of rhinitis and sinusitis can be called "Akvamaris". It consists of only sterilized sea water. Dyes and preservatives in the medication available. Newborn "Akvamaris" should be instilled 2 drops up to five times a day in each nostril. Sea water helps to moisten the nasal cavity and get rid of the formed crusts.
In the composition of vasoconstrictive drops "Nazivin" - a drug that is often used mother's for the treatment of rhinitis in children - almost the entire periodic table. The number of side effects similar to number of issues that arise from the use of "Otrivin". In fact, and in another case, nasal breathing is restored almost immediately, but after a few hours of discharge from the nose appear again. According to doctors, "Otrivine" to cure common cold in infants can be a maximum of 10 days, after which may cause addiction to the drug.
Dependence on drugs, as a rule, develops on the third day after the start of treatment. The influence of especially susceptible infants.
Special attention among the drugs aimed at the treatment of the common cold in newborns, is "Salin". The drug is effective and at the same time absolutely harmless. In fact, it is normal saline, which you can cook for yourself at home. In the case of newborns "saline", as well as other medications manufactured in the form of sprays, is to use a pipette, burying 1-2 drops of the solution 1-2 times a day.
To prepare saline at home just. For this you need to take a liter of boiled water 1 teaspoon of salt.
Another drug used in the treatment of the common cold in babies - "Protargol". Drops have anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and astringent. The views of doctors and parents regarding the effectiveness and safety of drugs is divided. The silver ions contained in the droplets, able to be deposited in the human body and cause a specific disease — argyria. However, despite this, "Protargol" continue to use in the treatment of rhinitis. Medicine newborn is instilled in each nasal passage 2-3 drops, 2-3 times a day for a maximum of two weeks.
The task of parents is to facilitate the newborn's condition
In addition to these there are dozens of sprays and drops from a cold, but most of them can be used for treatment of children older than 3 years. Before to stop the choice on any of the medicines, whose operation is one — to eliminate a runny nose with one or another active substance, you should consult with your pediatrician. It the doctor will put the correct diagnosis and help to select a drug that will be effective for a particular child. Before the arrival of the specialist task of parents is to alleviate the condition of the baby. This is sometimes enough to reduce the temperature of the air and increase humidity. In a family where there are infants, the optimum temperature in the room is 22 degrees. The nose of the child can be rinsed with saline without fear of harm.
Advice 5: How often you get the pediatrician to the newborn
What are nursing a newborn?
Nursing infants – observation program within the first month of life. The young mother is brewing a lot of questions on child care. The district doctor-the pediatrician or the practice nurse explain in detail how to properly swaddle your baby, to feed him, how to bathe and handle the umbilical wound. Also interviewed with new mum, which tell how to eat while breastfeeding.
The doctor during each visit, examines a newborn, so as not to miss any pathology. Necessarily examined umbilical wound, reflexes of the child and felt his tummy.
Another objective of patronage – the identification of conditions in which there is a child. Definitely draws attention to the cleanliness of the apartment, size of living space and number of rooms.
Who relies nursing surveillance? It can count everything. It does not depend on place of residence and the availability of medical insurance and is entirely free.
How often are nursing visits?
The first time the doctor comes in one of the first three days after discharge and maternity homes. If the baby is the firstborn, born late or early or has any congenital diseases, the pediatrician examines him on the day of discharge.
In the first ten days the pediatrician or visiting nurse has to come daily. They can come together, separately, or even on different days.
During the first visit, the doctor gets acquainted with conditions of life of the child and his parents. He also finds out the anxiety and concerns of the family related to the child and is interested in health mother's mental state.
Then the doctor finds out, how was the pregnancy – not lay whether the mother is on maintaining, if there was any toxicity. Interested in course delivery, namely: the child was born naturally or by caesarean section, how did you feel newborn. All this information is contained in the exchange card that the young mother receives upon discharge from the hospital.
Going pedigree baby. To gather information on the state of health of parents and other close relatives. This is done in order to determine the risk of hereditary diseases.
The next stage is the examination of the baby. It literally examined from head to toe – skin color, head shape, eye reaction to light, the location of the ears, the structure of the hard and soft palate, the shape of the thorax, abdomen and genital organs, the position of the hands and feet.
At the end of the visit, the doctor examines the Breasts of a mother and gives advice on feeding. More attention is paid to the hygienic care of the newborn.
The second and subsequent visits the doctor again examined the baby, to assess the development. Mom discusses possible problems of the younger child (vomiting, colic), and held a conversation about the prevention of rickets.
On the last visit date and time of admission, when parents themselves will need to bring the child to the children's clinic. In General, examinations of children under one year of age are held once a month in the so-called "toddlers' day (1 day a week when the doctor only accepts infants).
Advice 6: The drug Linex for newborns: peculiarities of use
The healing properties of "Linex,"
Part of the drug "Linex" includes 3 species of lactic acid live bacteria: Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, lactic acid non-toxigenic enterococci. They are part of the natural intestinal flora. Once in the digestive tract, beneficial bacteria normalize digestion, cause fermentation of lactose (the carbohydrate part of milk) and restore the acid environment, depressing the development of pathogenic microorganisms.
The drug provides the child's body with Biotin, vitamins B6, B12, activates the synthesis of vitamins, creates favorable conditions for the assimilation of iron, calcium and vitamin D. the Intake of "Linex," allows you to shift the pH of the intestinal contents acidic side, the result provided the optimal conditions for enzyme activity of digestion. The drug facilitates the process of protein digestion in the newborn.
Analogues of "Linex," are: "Acipol", "Bifiform", "Normabec", "Florin Forte", "Normoflorin", "Lactobacterin", "Enteral", "Bifidumbacterin", "Probator", "Bificol", "Battistini", "Baktisubtil", "ABICOR". Indications for use drugs: prevention and treatment of dysbacteriosis, flatulence, chronic and acute gastroenterocolitis and diarrhea. "Linex" is available in the form of capsules for oral use, one capsule contains about 1,2х107 live bacteria.
How to give a "Linex" newborn
Newborn drug give after feeding. The capsule needs to be open, then pour the contents into a teaspoon, add small amounts of cooled boiled water or breast milk (mixture) and pour into the baby's mouth. It is possible to inject the mixture into his mouth with a syringe without a needle. The daily rate for newborns of the drug is 1 capsule, the contents should be divided into 3 doses. Medication to give the child equal intervals of time. The duration of the course is determined by a physician, it can be 1-2 weeks or more.
"Linex" is contraindicated in case of hypersensitivity to its components. The drug is well tolerated, but may cause allergic reactions (skin rash, conjunctivitis, rhinitis). In this case, you should stop taking the medication and consult a doctor. Doctor's consultation is also required if the child has a fever above 38оС, the chair has had blood and mucus in the duration of diarrhea more than 2 days, with constipation. The drug should be stored at room temperature for 3 years. "Linex" is available without a prescription.
Advice 7: How to give a newborn "Bifidumbacterin"
- - Bifidumbakterin;
- - boiled water.
Advice 8: Protective cream for babies: for and against
Each time, changing the nappy or diaper, you need to wash, wipe the baby. Be sure to apply moisturizing sunscreen. "Bepanten", which includes provitamin B5, is excellent for prevention, treatment of dermatitis, diaper rash. Use the line of products of this brand can be from birth, as she passed all clinical testing is performed under strict control.
Quite often parents ask themselves the question whether it is possible to apply Much newborns. Creams and ointments based on natural ingredients, so you can use them for the delicate skin of babies. The line of products contains no dyes, fragrances, manufacturers have refused to preservatives, so the tool is quickly absorbed, leaving no trace.
Use cream and ointment for external use flucinar even lactating moms. Part of the natural lanolin is good for prevention, treatment of small cracks and abrasions on the nipples, he forms a protective veil on the skin for both mum and baby.
Skin of newborn is dry, prone to peeling. Cream "Bepanten" for infants includes almond oil, which softens, moisturizes. Dexpanthenol (provitamin B5) helps to quickly relieve inflammation and restore the skin and mucous membranes.
Side effects and contraindications
Creams and ointments are applied externally only. The drug should not be used in case of hypersensitivity to its components, as may occur with an allergic reaction. If there is itching or rash, urgent need to cancel the appointment. Still Much is not suitable for the treatment, processing ears. The deep wounds the drug will not be able to heal, so you should give preference to other drugs.
The drug is used with caution on large surfaces. You should exclude the application of Bepanthen" with other antiseptics, as it can cause an unexpected reaction. If for prolonged use no improvement occurs, you need to consult your doctor.