You will need
- - a sharp knife;
- - charcoal;
- - "EPIN-extra".
From potted Gardenia, usually form a low lush Bush or small tree with a smooth trunk and a spherical crown, which is called the standard form of the plant. To obtain this shape will suit a rooted cutting or seedling. In the early spring from young Gardenia pruned all side shoots, leaving the trunk to the leaves.
As soon as the seedling grow to a length sufficient for the formation of a tree presidnete the top Bud. Leaving three or four buds at the top of the barrel, all other should be removed along with the leaves the growth of the top shoots. Clearing away leaves and buds part of the stem to the branches, forming a crown, you will receive a plant with a smooth trunk. Once the branches are left for the formation of the crown, reached the desired length, presidnete buds on their ends.
At Gardenia, which forms a Bush in late winter or very early spring, pinch out the buds on the ends of shoots in length from fifteen to twenty inches. Stretched out branches are pruned to the same size on all Bush. The day before pruning the plant watered abundantly.
Shortening the shoots, keep the last remaining branch of the kidney was no closer than half a centimeter from the end of the branch. The cut can be powder charcoal. Cutting Gardenia, spray it with a solution "EPIN-extra", made from two drops of the preparation two hundred milliliters of water.
If necessary, the plant can forming in the autumn, after flowering. Trimmed during this period of gardenias will require wintering in a well lit area at a temperature of about sixteen degrees. In a shaded room with the warmer air generated by the plant over the winter will stretch and lose much of its decoration.
Malformed old Bush Gardenia can be rejuvenated by cutting in the early spring all the branches at a height of about four centimeters from the soil surface. Putting this plant into the lighted area without direct sunlight, you will get the opportunity again to form a compact Bush from the young shoots.
Advice 2: How to transplant a Gardenia
Gardenia is a small, branched and evergreen shrub, which reaches a height of one meter in height. The life of plants in the home is quite small, it ranges from 6 months to a year. But in the greenhouse or on the porch Gardenia can accommodate up to 7 years, if it is to pay due attention and care. A particularly important part of care is the transplantation of plants.
You will need
- - pot
- - processes Gardenia
- Heath soil,
- deciduous humus,
- - concrete block,
- - fertilizer.
In any case, do not replant a Gardenia until then, until it is completely gone, otherwise she'll get sick and drop the buds. Generally flowering plant is better not to disturb neither bright light nor a change of position. As natural Gardenia bloom occurs in summer and autumn, then replant it in the month of February.
When transplanting plants, select the right and most suitable location. Gardenia, undoubtedly, likes bright light, but try it slightly pritenyat from direct sunlight in summer.
Pick the correct soil. Land for transplanting gardenias should be a mixture of leaf compost and Heath land, as for this plant, there is no special substrate, it is possible to replace soil for roses and azaleas. Every 15 days need fertilizing during the growth of gardenias. Use a fertilizer for orchids liquid fertilizer without lime.
Since the Gardenia prefers a moderately moist soil, the pot should have good drainage and not allow water to stagnate. Pour in the pan the pots of wet clay.
Transplant the young shoots of Gardenia need once a year, the Mature plant re-pot every three years, in an already-fertilized soils. Gardenia propagated by tip cuttings semilignified shoots in the period from July to September.
In winter, the ideal temperature for gardenias – 18-18 degrees. If the room will be much warmer then the shoots will grow weak and thin, and flowering may not occur at all.
Water the flowers settled warm and very soft water. Every morning spray the leaves of Gardenia with warm water, but you should know that getting water on the buds and flowers otherwise they will stain and they will disappear.
If you want to obtain a compact and bushy shrub of gardenias, it is necessary to primepay or trim the tops of the plants in the spring.
Topsoil cover mulch material, it may be coniferous litter or pine bark, they will retain soil moisture and prevent the roots from overheating.