You will need
- - pot
- - processes Gardenia
- Heath soil,
- deciduous humus,
- - concrete block,
- - fertilizer.
In any case, do not replant a Gardenia until then, until it is completely gone, otherwise she'll get sick and drop the buds. Generally flowering plant is better not to disturb neither bright light nor a change of position. As natural Gardenia bloom occurs in summer and autumn, then replant it in the month of February.
When transplanting plants, select the right and most suitable location. Gardenia, undoubtedly, likes bright light, but try it slightly pritenyat from direct sunlight in summer.
Pick the correct soil. Land for transplanting gardenias should be a mixture of leaf compost and Heath land, as for this plant, there is no special substrate, it is possible to replace soil for roses and azaleas. Every 15 days need fertilizing during the growth of gardenias. Use a fertilizer for orchids liquid fertilizer without lime.
Since the Gardenia prefers a moderately moist soil, the pot should have good drainage and not allow water to stagnate. Pour in the pan the pots of wet clay.
Transplant the young shoots of Gardenia need once a year, the Mature plant re-pot every three years, in an already-fertilized soils. Gardenia propagated by tip cuttings semilignified shoots in the period from July to September.
In winter, the ideal temperature for gardenias – 18-18 degrees. If the room will be much warmer then the shoots will grow weak and thin, and flowering may not occur at all.
Water the flowers settled warm and very soft water. Every morning spray the leaves of Gardenia with warm water, but you should know that getting water on the buds and flowers otherwise they will stain and they will disappear.
If you want to obtain a compact and bushy shrub of gardenias, it is necessary to primepay or trim the tops of the plants in the spring.
Topsoil cover mulch material, it may be coniferous litter or pine bark, they will retain soil moisture and prevent the roots from overheating.
Advice 2 : How to trim Gardenia
Gardenia is a genus of evergreen shrubs of the family Rubiaceae. Representatives of this genus in natural conditions found in the South-East and South Asia. Several types of gardenias are popular with the fans of indoor crop production because of the beautiful flowering. Grown as potted culture, the plant needs shaping by trimming and pinching.
You will need
- - a sharp knife;
- - charcoal;
- - "EPIN-extra".
From potted Gardenia, usually form a low lush Bush or small tree with a smooth trunk and a spherical crown, which is called the standard form of the plant. To obtain this shape will suit a rooted cutting or seedling. In the early spring from young Gardenia pruned all side shoots, leaving the trunk to the leaves.
As soon as the seedling grow to a length sufficient for the formation of a tree presidnete the top Bud. Leaving three or four buds at the top of the barrel, all other should be removed along with the leaves the growth of the top shoots. Clearing away leaves and buds part of the stem to the branches, forming a crown, you will receive a plant with a smooth trunk. Once the branches are left for the formation of the crown, reached the desired length, presidnete buds on their ends.
At Gardenia, which forms a Bush in late winter or very early spring, pinch out the buds on the ends of shoots in length from fifteen to twenty inches. Stretched out branches are pruned to the same size on all Bush. The day before pruning the plant watered abundantly.
Shortening the shoots, keep the last remaining branch of the kidney was no closer than half a centimeter from the end of the branch. The cut can be powder charcoal. Cutting Gardenia, spray it with a solution "EPIN-extra", made from two drops of the preparation two hundred milliliters of water.
If necessary, the plant can forming in the autumn, after flowering. Trimmed during this period of gardenias will require wintering in a well lit area at a temperature of about sixteen degrees. In a shaded room with the warmer air generated by the plant over the winter will stretch and lose much of its decoration.
Malformed old Bush Gardenia can be rejuvenated by cutting in the early spring all the branches at a height of about four centimeters from the soil surface. Putting this plant into the lighted area without direct sunlight, you will get the opportunity again to form a compact Bush from the young shoots.
Advice 3 : Gardenia jasminoides: care, transplanting, watering
Gardenia jasminoides is called "Moody beauty". To grow a plant and make it lush flowering at home is quite difficult, but when you consider all the conditions necessary for the growth of gardenias, she will thank you with their charming flowers and will fill your home with delicate captivating scent.
Transplantation and substrate
For transplanting young plants need a pot the size of a few centimeters more than the previous. If you are going to transplant the old instance of Gardenia, there is no need to take new capacity, the plant should be planted in the same pot, replacing all the substrate. When choosing a container keep in mind that gardenias do not need a pot too large, spacious capacity, it will simply cease to bloom.
Remove the flower from the old pot with a lump of earth. Gently shake it out and rinse the roots under running water. In the adult plant prune them by 1/3, lightly sprinkle the slices powdered activated carbon.
For planting Gardenia needs acidic soil. You can use ready soil for azaleas, but it is best to make the soil mix yourself. The most ideal substrate for planting gardenias is a mixture of sod soil, pine land, coarse sand and peat. Take all ingredients in equal parts and mix. For greater water permeability and ease can be added to the substrate ground sphagnum moss.
On the bottom of the prepared pot, pour a layer of drainage. This can be expanded clay or coarse sand. Then pour the substrate on 2/3 of the volume of the container moisten it. Place the plant gently spread the roots and cover with soil. The surface is slightly condense and moisten.
For watering gardenias, use a mild water at room temperature. It should be boiled and then let stand for 2-3 days. At each watering, add water a few drops of fresh lemon juice. This will help to maintain the necessary level of acidity of the soil. In summer the plant needs abundant watering as it dries the top layer of the substrate in the pot, in the winter the procedure should be reduced.
Feeding to do every 2 weeks during active growth since March. For this approach any complex fertilizers for flowering plants. After pruning and pinching Bush, pour it in a weak solution of organic fertilizer. About once a year remove the top layer of soil and add new substrate. This technique will help to prevent the salinity of the soil, which leads to the death of the plant.
The conditions of detention of Gardenia
Gardenia is very responsive to conditions of detention. She needs a bright spot, but she does not like direct sunlight. It is desirable that in summer the temperature does not exceed +25-26oC and in winter does not fall below +16.
When the plant attains the color you can not turn the pot. Otherwise, the Gardenia will reset all the buds and re-bloom may not occur.
If the sill is located under the battery of Central heating, put in a tray of expanded clay, moisten it and place the top pot with Gardenia. If the windowsill is cold, place a container with a flower on a wooden or Styrofoam base.