On chicken farms hens are fed a special feed, which includes all the essential bird nutrients, minerals and vitamins. The chicken living in the garden, having the opportunity to free range, she is able to secure a full ration, the owner will only have to feed her in the evening a small amount of grain.
If chickens live in confined spaces, you will have to attend to the drawing up for them a balanced menu. You need to feed them 2-3 times a day dry and wet food. Better if dry grain is chickens have constant access to the trough for the free eating, but wet mash should give a small amount, which the chickens can eat at 1 time. Stale food instantly pritoptyvaya bird, eat it no one will.
If the hens lay eggs, their feed must contain sufficient for shell formation calcium. You can use a special mineral additives and can be added to food crushed chalk and regular bone meal. Do not throw egg shells in the garbage, it is better to collect it and give to chickens, for them it is a welcome treat.
Walking freely chicken is constantly digging in the ground, looking for grit, stones and other coarse litter your stomach for successful digestion. Chicken sitting in captivity, this is devoid. The owner should take this into account when compiling the menus and to enter into special feed additives.
Spring chickens, like all living creatures, are experiencing a vitamin deficiency, so in need of feeding vitamins. The easiest way to do this, soak the barley or wheat, and allowing them to germinate. This food will not only be useful but will have birds to taste. Even though they are chickens, but they also love to eat.
Chickens should always have access to clean water.
Advice 2 : What to feed chickens
The diet of chickens has a direct impact on the health of birds and number of eggs. For normal development, chickens need regular and good nutrition. In this case the feed must contain the proper amount of vitamins and minerals. A special role in this case is protein, so a special flour mixture for the birds is necessary to give daily.
Features feeding the chickens
The main diet of chickens make up a protein feed. The birds can be given not only meat and bone and fishmeal, but a specially prepared fish waste. Such mixtures can be purchased at specialty stores or make your own from fins, bones and heads of fish. In addition, periodically it is recommended to feed the chickens with food rich in calcium – cottage cheese, and dairy products.
In addition to feed chickens needed grit. It is better to put a special container, so the birds had constant access. Sand greatly improves digestion.
For chickens the special role played by animal feed, which the birds usually gather on their own. Such foods include, for example, frogs, worms, insects, beetles and molluscs. In the main food it is recommended to mix a small amount of chalk, if the birds are constantly in cells. As an additional source of calcium can be used crushed shell.
As additives to the basic food used stale bread, previously soaked in water, pine needles, Rowan berries and hawthorn. Such products are not required, but for chickens they are very useful.
The role of grain in the diet of chickens
The grain has a high fat content, particularly for chickens, laying hens. The record for the content of natural fat are whole grain oat and corn. To Supplement the diet of birds can grains any grains, and such vegetable crops as beets, potatoes, pumpkin and turnips. In these products in addition to body fat contains large amounts of carbohydrates and useful macro.
When selecting grain for chickens it is necessary to give preference to specially processed blend with no shells. The fact that the skin which covers the grain, contains a lot of fiber. This component is poorly digested and absorbed in the body of a chicken. Excessive eating of foods high in fiber can lead to serious diseases of birds and even cause obesity.
To improve the quality of meat chickens it is recommended to give barley and millet. Thanks to products such birds is quite rapidly gaining weight.
Vitamins in the diet of chickens
Due to the lack of vitamins in the diet of chickens can be observed deviations in growth and development, as well as to decrease the number postpone eggs. To replenish vitamins and minerals in the body poultry, chickens provide fresh tops of vegetable crops, grain sprouts, carrots, dandelion greens and young stinging nettle.
Green feed is usually mixed with grain or potatoes. Several times a week in the diet of chickens is necessary to include fish oil and add to baking food biscuits. These ingredients contain enough amounts of vitamins for normal development of the body of birds.
Food chickens in winter
The main food in winter for chickens is a silo. This type of feed is a mixture of leaves of legumes, leaves of corn, grasses, and stems of cereals. During frosts and cold weather conditions, it is recommended to feed the birds dried marsh vegetation. Such mixtures are sold in specialized stores or procured independently in the summer.
Advice 3 : Breeding chickens: diet for laying hens
Laying hens have become popular not only among the rural population engaged in farming, but also among urban, have their own plots. Chickens that the eggs need special food. Diet for them should be as complete, i.e., include both animal and vegetable food, and minerals.
Feeding laying hens. Useful tips
The main diet of hens eggs, are feed. However before purchasing you must carefully review the composition of the mixtures. The fact that some feed manufacturers add calcium, chalk and various vitamins. If these additives are absent, be sure to purchase them separately, independently adding to the daily diet of poultry.
The food in the feeder is covered in a small amount of chicken needs per meal to completely empty your "plate". You must ensure that the water in the drinking bowls were always clean. If it is necessary, to change it you need several times during the day. You should know that the average amount of feed consumed by one hen, is from 180 to 200 g a day.
Egg production in chickens – phase. The first stage is characterized by the most intensive production of eggs and lasts from 22 to 48 weeks. Its peak was achieved in 29 weeks. During this period, laying hens need to be fed high calorie but low volume foods. The need for nutrients and, consequently, productivity decreases after 48 weeks of egg production.
How and what to feed laying hens?
In the diet of hens laying eggs, should include cereals, oilcakes, pulses and oilseed meal in the form of concentrates. Do not forget about fish meat and bone flour, milk, cheese, green grass. Laying hens need such vegetables as potatoes, carrots and beets. In addition, in the diet of laying hens must log on chalk and limestone, wood flour and feed phosphates, and salt.
Diet for laying hens must be complete and include both vegetable whole grain feed and flour mixture, and animal food, and minerals. In addition of complete feed mixtures for laying hens relevant and various food waste, and vegetable tops. For example, the scales and entrails of the fish, not for human consumption, is well suited as supplements to the main diet of chickens.
It is also important to know and understand that the mineral feed should be present in the house always. So experts in the field of poultry production is recommended for 2-3 weeks prior to the beginning of oviposition body to create a bird reserve of calcium. For the strength of the eggshell in the food is added bone meal and additives in the form of sea shells, of mixtures of sand, salt and chalk. Sources of minerals and vitamins serve a variety of grass and weeds. Without them none of the diet of poultry.
The diet of hens eggs, is of great importance. Dry food is necessary to keep the bird no more than 2 times per day. Moreover, if wet mash is used, the frequency of meals increases to 4 times per day. Important point: the need to ensure that the food did not stay in the feeder at a bird for more than 40 minutes. Otherwise it will lose its beneficial properties.