Advice 1: How to identify a German shepherd puppy

Loyal, talented, beautiful, easily recognizable and one of the most popular breeds of dogs – all of this could not be better characterizes the German shepherd. This breed in a special account at people, which explains its huge popularity. But to correctly identify a puppy German shepherd, you need to get acquainted with the peculiarities of this breed.
How to identify a German shepherd puppy
Instruction
1
Sex selection of the German shepherd depends on the purposes for which purchased the dog. If you are going to continue to breed dogs of this breed, it is better to buy a puppy female, ie bitch. However, if the dog is purchased for other purposes and you don't want to have problems with puppy'smi, then buy a better dog.
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Please note that the floor of your chosen puppy German shepherd causes the character of your future pet. So, the males are more aggressive and stubborn, so the owner sometimes has to show them his power and superiority. Females also more pliable, and they get along better with people, especially with children.
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Before you make a final choice, look at several puppies German shepherd dogs from different litters. Preferable to buy a puppy, growing up in rural kennel in the fresh air.
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Please note: the body of a puppy German shepherd needs to be extended, back straight neck strong and long. Paws purebred puppy strong and thick. Paws in no case should not be dewclaws.
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Look at the face of the little shepherd: it must not be sharpened. In addition, the forehead of a purebred puppy German shepherd is rather narrow. The transition from forehead to muzzle should not be pronounced.
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Puppies up to 3.5 months the ears should not be erect tip. The presence of this symptom suggests that the boy is disturbed phosphorus-potassium exchange, and there is ossification of the skeleton.
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Ideally, the puppy German shepherd must have a short and back waist, and wide hips and shoulders. Note how close to the ground are legs of a puppy while driving. With proper movement of the little shepherd carries his front and back legs close to the ground.
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Look at the eyes of a puppy: they should be the same dark brown color (at the month-old puppy's eyes are bluish). Do not take odd-eyed and blue-eyed little dogs.
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Look in the jaws of a puppy: bite it should only be a scissor. The gap between the incisors should not exceed 1-2 mm. Check whether there is double or fused teeth.
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Puppies German shepherd can be black (if the parents are black) or black and tan (if the parents are black & brown). Considered: the richer have a puppy color tan, the better. Although sometimes in a litter there may be puppies bright, but they are for breeding not used.
Note
Take only a healthy puppy!
Useful advice
Before you purchase a puppy from a specific litter, ask when the last time a bitch was whelping: if less than a year ago, that puppy better not to take. It is believed that such dog may be health problems.

Advice 2: How to train a German shepherd puppy

No wonder the role of movie stars often choose German shepherds. These beautiful, strong, intelligent dogs have many decades to serve the people. Use them as a utility, and for grazing, and just stir as best friends. But education German shepherds are in any case can not let go.
How to train a German shepherd puppy
Instruction
1
German shepherd – this dog is smart and Executive, so much difficulty with her training, you will not have. But the process was easy, learn the features of this breed. From the name of the breed is clear that she was bred for grazing. Therefore, in the German shepherd instinct of persecution – these dogs love to chase animals and sometimes people.At the beginning of the training process you must give the dog to understand that you are her commander, "the leader of the pack". In any case do not let the dog to feel like home, don't let her control the process of training. If you are not completely to control the dog, she just won't obey commands.
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The dog should only be one trainer. If you took on this role, then you need to do with it all, walk it, feed it, play with it and do not give these responsibilities to anyone. In addition, the more time you spend with the dog, the more trust will develop between you. If the dog will trust you, he will listen.However, this does not mean that the dog needs to prohibit communication with other family members. This is valid only in the case if you train a service dog. If you just decided to train your pet basic commands, let others play with it.
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As the shepherd belongs to the herding dog, it needs constant exercise. Let her every day to run pretty long distances, allow you to play with other dogs. If possible, organize classes in the pool – let him swim. Without regular training, the dog will feel bad.
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Teach the dog basic commands such as "Sit", "Down", "Place", "Fu", "Next". Remember that all these commands need to teach the animal is still a puppy. The concept places the dog does need to train in the moment when you first bring her home. Show her where she will sleep and say, "Place!". From time to time we refer to the puppy and remind him that this is his place. Very soon he will get used to it.To teach puppy "Sit" and "Lie", you have to first yourself to sit down and put the puppysaying a command. Want the dog to remember the command "heel" on a walk from time to time give him the command and gently pull to yourself leash. Always encourage the dog for the job – the German shepherd is your praise particularly important.
Useful advice
Never punish the dog physically, don't yell at her, do not hurt. Otherwise, no obedience you will not achieve, but aggression – easily.

Advice 3: How to raise a German shepherd puppy

The German shepherd is a very versatile breed. Purchased as a security guard, but before you buy a puppy of this breed you need to consider. A healthy puppy should be cheerful, with a shiny coat and thick legs. Education begins with the first day the puppy in the house. Education the puppy German shepherd is a puppy instilling the necessary skills that will help in future life and training of the adult dog.
How to raise a German shepherd puppy
Instruction
1
Remember that the ideal owner of the German shepherd dog become a balanced person, persistent, patient, loving and respecting the magnificent animal, with whom his fate had.
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Proper maintenance of the puppy is the beginning of his education. From the very first day the puppy in the house give him as much attention with their presence.
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Don't forget that having a puppy and training should be one person in the family.
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For starters, teach it to the regime. Feeding the puppy should happen at certain times and in designated place.
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At the initial stage of education the study of all of the commands should be in the form of games. For each execution of the commands be sure to encourage your puppy a tasty treat, but don't spoil him. A treat is only given for the performance of any reception.
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The very first command that you should teach is his nickname. Usually training this command occurs during feeding of a puppy, during affection and play. Then add the command "come" and "Place". Remember that training a puppy, not to overdo it.
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From 2 months of age, teach your puppy the command "Fu". This should be a stern voice and persistently. You should always strive to fulfil.
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From 3 months of age, teach your puppy to "Sit" and "Lie".
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With 5 months to teach a puppy 's muzzle. For starters wear a muzzle for a short time. During the walk it is useful to take the puppy on a leash vnatyazhku. It's good to strengthen his limbs and back.
10
Starting to go for walks, teach your puppy the command "Next". This is best done when the puppy is walking a good walk. Gradually accustom the puppy to the street noise, cars and trains. More walk through the busy streets.
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Do not allow the puppy to run after the other animals, birds and transport. Teach him to behave peacefully towards other dogs.
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Don't let strangers fondle puppy. He should be indifferent to strangers. Don't allow them to tease the puppy and hurt him.
Useful advice
The main role in successful training is the ability of the owner to find a contact with your dog.

Advice 4: Looks like a German shepherd puppy

The puppy German shepherd is rarely confused with other species. However, we need to know the outward signs on which you should pay attention when choosing in the first place.
The puppy German shepherd
Instruction
1
The face and torso

The nose of a German shepherd puppy wet and shiny. To the touch it can be warm or cold. During sleep's puppy's nose is always dry and hot. But after 10 minutes after waking up, the nose becomes moist again. Look at the face of a puppy: it shouldn't be sharp. Bite the puppy sheepdogs only scissor.
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The back should be straight and nepravishta, and the neck moderately long and strong. If the puppy is like a little fat bear cub, it is more likely that he will grow healthy, big and strong. But if the puppy is more reminiscent of a miniature adult, it is likely that it will grow small, which is unacceptable for this breed. The skin of adjacent puppy freely, on the body there are no folds. All the mucous region of the puppy have a pink color.
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Coat color

A puppy's coat color is very dark only on the back and head. Often it creates the impression of a black cloak and mask. Paw puppy usually light-brown, beige, red-brown. But for a healthy puppy too light color is not typical. Black and brown is a traditional color. However, the color can be gray. He is not particularly popular. Shepherd with gray color bred true fans. On the body of a German shepherd puppy can be a small white or yellow spots on chest. At low pigment coat puppy's nails a bright, red tip of the tail, very bright eyes, and the face is no mask. Length of coat of the puppy should be small. The hair is definitely shiny.
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Eyes, limbs and ears

Eyes puppy should be clean and without purulent discharge. Carefully inspect the front legs of a puppy: they should be straight when viewed from any side and stand parallel to each other. Paws the puppy round and well-knit, pads should be tough. Definitely claws are strong and dark colors. Hind legs slightly further, parallel to each other when viewed from behind. A healthy puppy's tail has bumps and fractures. By touching the base of the ears should not be unpleasant smell: it is a sign of otitis media. Eye month old puppy can be bluish, but then they turn brown. To 3.5 months, ears German shepherd puppy should not have a clearly erect tip. This is a sign of disturbance of phosphorus-potassium exchange.
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Behavior

Often it happens that puppies in the same litter look alike. Although homogeneous droppings is a good indicator, the choice in favor of one puppy to do hard enough. First note the behavior of the kids. Puppy, the most active in eating and playing, is the most healthy. Try calling the puppy, the one who will come running the first, is the leader in the litter.

Advice 5: Caring for a puppy German shepherd

The first two months of life of German shepherd puppy care mother, skamlova him with their milk, cleansing it from dirt, dust and faeces. My mother and my brothers little puppy is learning behavior. But as soon as pick him from the litter, all responsibility falls on the owner. It for a toddler should be not only a second "mom", but also a friend and teacher. To care for your German shepherd puppy is easy if you know some aspects of this breed.
Caring for a puppy German shepherd

Apartment preparation


Before you bring a puppy, prepare your home for his arrival. First, remove from the floor all the wires or pull them through a metal cable. Portable, electric sockets, too, is removed from the floor and low surfaces. All the shoes and Slippers accustom to stay in the closet. Fix the doors of all the cabinets, if they are not tightly closed. All the important documents, books, magazines, coffee tables with raise - on the shelf, for example. Puppies are very inquisitive and playful. You will not even be able to react quickly, if the puppy begins to gut your Slippers or a handbag. Not superfluous will be to remove the carpets from the floor. This is because at first the puppy will pee at home.

Place in the house


Bringing your puppy home, determine from his place. It should be in a calm and quiet corner, away from heaters and drafts. To place a German shepherd puppy you can use a small thin pad or mattress. If your dog will be kept outside, is to take care of the aviary. It needs to be spacious, dry floor and a booth for sleep and rest. Make the enclosure so that the sun did not get there all day, or else the dog will be hard.

Never disturb your puppy when he went to his seat. This is only his territory, where he will feel secure and relaxed and can take a break from games. The new location of the puppy you can put some of your old clothes to pet accustomed to the smell of a new host. Thus, we can proceed with the thing taken from the litter. Puppy a few nights might miss his brothers and the smell of home will calm him down.

Food


Nutrition German shepherd puppy is probably the most important in his care. It depends on the health and growth of the puppy, its beauty, intelligence, wit and activity. The baby of this breed in two months should be fed no less than 5 times a day, and then monthly to reduce the number of feedings. In three months, feed 4 times already, 4 to 6 months – 3 times, and with seven months to go to "adult" mode – two-single feeding. Food for puppy large breed should be rich in protein, fiber and carbohydrates.

If you feed your dog a natural diet, in anyone case, it doesn't have to be food from your master's table. Cook food separately: add to cereals meat, vegetables, herbs, vegetable oil. Feed the puppy from aluminum or enamelware. It is desirable that the bowl was on his head and "grew" with him. For this purpose in pet stores sell special stands for large dogs. The food in the bowl should not be cold, may it be warm or room temperature. Don't forget to give the puppy water. Several times a year to carry out vitamin courses. For a puppy it is important period, when his young body needs a lot of calcium and mineral supplements. If you are going to feed the pet dry food, carefully choose the composition, given the characteristics of this breed.

The grooming


The care of appearance is also important when keeping dogs at home. To wash a German shepherd puppy does not need until they reach three months. After this age, a toddler, and an adult dog, can not be washed more than 2-3 times a year. In summer you can let him swim in the river, if he so desires. Frequent washing spoils the view and structure of the hair, making it dull and stiff. A characteristic of the breed German shepherd is that, although it is smooth, you need to frequently comb. This should be done with a special brush, and it is desirable to teach from an early age. On brushing an old coat, cut off, also resulting mats.

It is known that the ears of German shepherd puppies are not worth initially. They are thin, soft and hanging. Only after some time the cartilage hardens and the ears will stand, as it should. Therefore, it is undesirable to touch them, to stroke the puppy must be carefully, not touching the ears. To clean the inside of the ear once a week you need a dry swab. There should not be nothing to smell and nothing should leak. Otherwise, contact your doctor. Also from an early age a puppy should be taught to trim nails, then he this procedure does not scare.

Walking


Walk with German shepherd puppy you need to start after all vaccinations. Before walking house train him to the collar. Just put it on him and distract the game. Go for a walk after each feeding, thus accustoming him to urinating in the street. Start walking for 5 minutes, adding time each day and load. For this breed is important physical activity at each walk. In the street wait for the first, while the puppy will not make your case, and then go to run and play. So he will understand why it is removed. Over time, accustom the puppy to the leash and muzzle. Also worth thinking about his behavior on the walk, if necessary, to adjust training.

Up to 4 months and carry the puppy on the stairs on his hands. Don't let him own up, it can damage ligaments and spine. If the walk got caught in the rain, at home, wipe the baby with a towel but do not dry with a Hairdryer.

Education


German shepherd – very intelligent and obedient animal. With his intelligence and education are not matched by any breed. But without the help of the owner of the kid will not understand what is possible and what is not. Education can start as soon as the puppy starts to live with you. Calling puppy is, give the command "come". Always call him by nickname.

Remember: what you ban, you ban forever. This applies for instance to sleep on the couch or feeding the pieces from the table. If the puppy is naughty, punish immediately at the time of the offense or he did not understand and only gets upset with the owner.

For German shepherds the main man in the house is the one who it is to train. So for better obedience to participate in this need of the whole family.
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