Advice 1: How to build a second floor

Private house on private plot of land and is a comfortable and prestigious accommodation that you, unlike the usual city apartment, can manage on their own. In the case of a private house you can design its construction to the last detail, starting with pouring the Foundation and finishing the roof installation. Surely we can all agree that twostorey house more functional and promising than onestorey, but for many people who are going to build a house, the construction of the second floor turns into a serious problem.
How to build a second floor
To start, determine what your home is ceiling height. In accordance with this height you need to set fire bulkheads nailed across at mid-height of the body, inside the hollow walls of the inner liner at home. Fire bulkheads are needed to in case of fire to protect the second floor and slow down the burning house.
Start construction of the second floor with the installation of the floor. The materials you choose for flooring, lift up, why pre-install the ladder on the second floor. This will facilitate the work.
After the floor is to be laid on the frame, start collecting wall, lifts up to the plate. When lifting and assembling the wall plates, keep in mind that you will work at altitude, which means you need at least one assistant which will insure you and support plate during installation.
Fix wall temporary insurance from the boards and lift to the vertical position of the plate, and then secure them on the floor. Additionally, you can build a balcony or a Conservatory coming from the second floor.
Finish the construction of the second floor construction of ceilings and roofs. If you work in a team with several assistants, build a house does not take a lot of time.

Advice 2: How to build a house on your land

To build a house on your land plot, you need to collect a number of documents and obtain the construction permit and the construction certificate. The illegal construction is not always possible to formalize, even through the courts, and if the house would stand on some underground lines, it can make clean.
How to build a house on your land
You will need
  • -passport
  • -statement
  • -documents of title to land
  • home project
  • -project engineering-technical communications
  • -presented the architecture of the form,with the signatures of the head of local administration, head of regional utilities, the district superintendent of fire protection
  • -new site plan (made specifically for obtaining the building permit)
  • -certificate of construction approval from neighbors, if stations are located too close and not decorated building codes
  • -building permit and construction certificate
To obtain a building permit should contact the regional Department of architecture and urban planning statement, the documents of title to the site and site plan. Moreover, the new plan is needed, so you should call the surveyors who will conduct a series of activities for obtaining a building permit.
Having examined your application and documents, you will be given a form to sign in the local administration, the district utilities and the district fire Department.
You will also need to call the architect for drawing up the architectural project and of the project of summing up the engineering and technical communications.
With all the collected documents, plans and projects need to refer back to the Department of architecture and urban planning.
If the distance between adjacent stations and the planned construction does not meet technical standards development, I would say additionally to get a written agreement with its neighbors, areas which are too close. Approval you can write by hand and all the neighbors to sign it.
After reviewing the submitted documents, the chief architect will be the construction approval and construction certificate. All permits are issued for a period of 10 years. If at the end of the term of the construction permission house not to be commissioned, all documents will need to collect again and to renew the construction permit.
Immediate construction need to be strictly at the specified location and in accordance with the architectural project.

Advice 3: The technology of the installation of road reinforced concrete slabs

The use of concrete slabs for the arrangement of roads is one of the most common applications of this building material. But only under condition of observance of technology of laying the road will be rugged and reliable.
The technology of the installation of road reinforced concrete slabs
Wide application of reinforced concrete slabs in road quality due to several reasons, first among which is the high speed of construction; almost immediately after laying the finished road can be used. Coating of the plates is particularly in demand in areas with unstable soil, where the construction of asphalt pavement requires long and costly training. Another plus coverage of reinforced concrete slabs – the possibility of dismantling and reuse. Despite the seeming simplicity of installation, the mounting plates for arranging the road has a lot of features.

How to choose a plate

For the construction of roads used reinforced products with a thickness of 140-180 mm. Manufacturers produce plates with smooth or corrugated surface. The latter option is better resists the formation of ice. The concrete used should be resistant to shock loadings, temperature, precipitation. In the Russian climatic conditions, resistance to low temperature should not be lower than the F150. Form plates can be different from the usual rectangles and squares to trapezoids and hexagons. Standard sizes:
- length: from 1.75 m to 6 m;
- width from 1.7 m to 3.75 m;
- average weight: 2.2 t

Technology placement

At the preparatory stage it is necessary to cut off the top layer of soil and leveling the surface with a grader. Then the size of the prepared plates dug a trench depth of 25-50 cm (depending on the anticipated load). The next step is the laying of geotextile, which is necessary to protect from leaching of soil and emergence of plants. Then the bottom of the ditch with geotextile and filled with sand (a layer thickness of 15-20 cm) or crushed stone fines. If you use sand, you can add the cement, which will give additional strength to the Foundation; however, to exploit such a way it will be possible not earlier than in two days after completion of the work. At the final stage of the preparatory work sand cushion watered.

Reinforced concrete slab mounted in series, the first row is aligned on the cord. Styling can be done with a gap or butt. The formed cracks, the joints are filled with cement-sand mixture or fine gravel. Laid the slab should be compacted with a hammer through a wooden lining. Sometimes, to ensure a monolithic coating welded mounting tabs, connecting them with each other. Ready the road of reinforced concrete slabs can be used as a base under asphalt pavement.
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