Next, identify your opportunities. We are talking about the fact that if your home has little roof and the area that you would like as a result, substantially more than the one in the attic, you will have to demolish the roof. If it is big enough, and the necessary yardage on the contrary, simply purchase the desired amount of material for finishing the attic into one more room. Most likely, you'll need a few rolls of insulation and the upper finishing material together with plywood sheets to which it is applied.If you still decided to demolish the roof, to begin, prepare all the necessary to lay the foundations of the second floor and temporary roof for the first, as in the case of rain, living in the house, and all that is in it, to be "not sweet". Go to the building center and purchase the required number of fanerok, girders, Assembly fasteners and all necessary finishing material. If you are in doubt about what to buy, ask seller for questions.
Learn how your roof is attached to the base of the building, and how is it possible to remove it without major damage. If opportunity is no extraction, just try to keep as much material as possible to build new.
After the roof has been removed, start installation of support beams. They will support your new floors. After everything is installed, cover the floor with plywood sheets, and you can consider half the job done.
The rest of the procedure is no different from building a regular home - select locations for the installation of wooden columns, which will keep the roof, erect the walls of the house. After the Foundation is completed, you can begin to divide the floor into rooms or zones.
Construct a new roof on the building. Despite the difficulties with such construction, it will help you to make it more safe and secure.
Advice 2: How to make second floor
Before proceeding to the superstructure of the second floor, you need to weigh the pros and cons. As practice shows, the new construction is to be done easier than the remake already finished. So it's easier to build a new house than to rebuild the existing single storey house. In addition, the second floor doubles the challenge: installation of floor, walls, ceiling and roof will need to do at altitude. Harder and delivery of materials from the ground to the second floor. If you did not stop - start construction.
At the stage of initial construction of the house plan in advance that in the future it will continue. Roof structure is just so that truss system reserved space for the device the second floor (mansard type).
Wooden bars 50x50mm and 50х100мм make the frame. To do this, sew them nailed to the vertical posts of the trusses. Outside, from the attic, panel lining, waterproof sealing, and secure the insulation. Inside lay the vapour-barrier foil, make a crate and screws fasten it to the drywall sheets.
Then mount the ceiling. For the convenience of the work undertaken and part of the roof it is desirable to remove. The ends of the floor beams attach to the upright trusses. With the lower edge of the reinforce bars are 50x50mm and place them on the Board floor. On Board lay the layers on top of vapor barrier film, a layer of insulation, waterproofing. Hem the bottom of the ceiling sheets of drywall or plywood. External, removed roof replace on.
Now you need to make the natural lighting of the second floor. To do this in the front make the window opening, and insulate the wall from the attic. If the light is not enough, you can also make a roof lantern type over an alleged second window. You need to do the roof gap vertically with width of 100-120cm. The height of the gap provide at 40-50cm from the ceiling of the attic. In the wall make the window opening.
Make the floor the same way as was done with floor the first floor. The only difference is that on the second floor subfloor is not spreading. At the final stage determine the installation location and design of stairsthat will connect the first floor and attic. To save the occupied area, use the spiral staircase.
Advice 3: How to make the floor of the second floor
The process of installing floors is one of the most important in the interior decoration of the house. Especially should think about what kind of floor to choose on the second floor, because you can not always make a regular concrete floor.
You will need
- - insulation;
- - plasterboard;
- - laminate flooring.
If you have decided that floors on the second floor will be heated with the help of pipes and water heating, use the following tips to conduct internal finishing works. Before laying the pipe lay roll insulation. The space between the tubes fill with thick pieces of drywall that will give the "rigidity" of the structure. On top put another layer of insulation, now you can lay, for example, a laminate.
If you want to lay this eco-friendly wooden floor, take care of careful selection of material. For the sub-floor sufficiently flat boards with no rot and low humidity. If you plan to use the second floor as living space and prepare the Board for painting, pay attention to the structure of the Board: it must not contain knots, rot surfaces and completely dry (12% humidity).
Before laying the planks lay soundproof soundproof layer of components (cork crumbs, mineral wool or sawdust). Laying start from the back of the wall, stapling the boards with nails, driving them at an angle of 30-50°. The joints of the floorboards place on the joists.
If you decide to build a house frame type of the standard panels, the floor of the second floor will also be made from prefabricated slabs. Under the flooring in this case it is better to put damping strip made of polyethylene foam with a minimum thickness of 3 mm. as the flooring is best to use laminate.
In the last decade it has become a popular technology controlled sexes, provides for the installation of wooden joists attached to the base of the plastic bolt racks. The advantage of this technology is speed of installation, the exception of a long period of drying and the possibility of laying additional sound insulation and thermal insulation layers as well as the ability to accommodate under the floor of all types of communication. However, the technology of laying the floor only by a specialist, and then selecting it, it is better to seek professional help.