After you called the ambulance, try to create a sick person calm. Put him in a horizontal position and place it on the abdomen (stomach) or bubble pack, hot water bottle with ice or cold water. You can even give him to swallow small pieces of ice. It can reduce blood loss. But remember, drink or take any food for such a patient is strictly prohibited.
When you arrive the doctor, try to explain to him the circumstances which could lead to bleeding. It may be chronic diseases of the stomach, such as ulcer or gastritis; the disease and treatment with corticosteroids, aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.; use of alcohol; have been informed the bleeding; contact with harmful substances during professional activities, etc.
Usually in this situation the doctor decides to send the patient to the hospital, in the intensive care unit or intensive care, because there should be specified the location of bleeding, its causes and identifies ways to eliminate the bleeding and treatment of the disease that caused the blood loss. Help the patient to come to hospital.
The transportation of a person with gastrointestinal bleeding is carried out in a horizontal position with raised legs, to prevent poor blood flow to the brain.
When a person goes to the hospital, he must at the same time to stop the bleeding, to determine the diagnosis of the disease, as well as to compensate for the blood loss, if it is large, assigning a blood transfusion.
If immediately determine the source of bleeding cannot (because it can be both gastrointestinal and pulmonary or intestinal bleeding), carried out endoscopic examination of the introduction of a tube into the stomach. But this is the so-called empirical therapy. It is primarily in the gastric lavage with ice water and the administration of drugs that reduce stomach acidity. Thus is achieved a temporary stop bleeding, and the stomach is cleared of blood clots.
Along the way, blood tests and clinical, coagulation (is determined by the coagulation time of the blood), biochemical, and necessarily determined blood group and RH factor. After a precise diagnosis the patient is assigned a passive treatment or surgery.