After you called the ambulance, try to create a sick person calm. Put him in a horizontal position and place it on the abdomen (stomach) or bubble pack, hot water bottle with ice or cold water. You can even give him to swallow small pieces of ice. It can reduce blood loss. But remember, drink or take any food for such a patient is strictly prohibited.
When you arrive the doctor, try to explain to him the circumstances which could lead to bleeding. It may be chronic diseases of the stomach, such as ulcer or gastritis; the disease and treatment with corticosteroids, aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.; use of alcohol; have been informed the bleeding; contact with harmful substances during professional activities, etc.
Usually in this situation the doctor decides to send the patient to the hospital, in the intensive care unit or intensive care, because there should be specified the location of bleeding, its causes and identifies ways to eliminate the bleeding and treatment of the disease that caused the blood loss. Help the patient to come to hospital.
The transportation of a person with gastrointestinal bleeding is carried out in a horizontal position with raised legs, to prevent poor blood flow to the brain.
When a person goes to the hospital, he must at the same time to stop the bleeding, to determine the diagnosis of the disease, as well as to compensate for the blood loss, if it is large, assigning a blood transfusion.
If immediately determine the source of bleeding cannot (because it can be both gastrointestinal and pulmonary or intestinal bleeding), carried out endoscopic examination of the introduction of a tube into the stomach. But this is the so-called empirical therapy. It is primarily in the gastric lavage with ice water and the administration of drugs that reduce stomach acidity. Thus is achieved a temporary stop bleeding, and the stomach is cleared of blood clots.
Along the way, blood tests and clinical, coagulation (is determined by the coagulation time of the blood), biochemical, and necessarily determined blood group and RH factor. After a precise diagnosis the patient is assigned a passive treatment or surgery.
Advice 2: Why is it a black chair
Black stools is the characteristic symptom of bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract. Hemoglobin is exposed to acids and bacteria that colors the stool black. If you have been diagnosed with a gastrointestinal disease or there are no other reasons for staining of stool in black color ─ urgently call "ambulance".
Black stools (melena) can occur in patients with stomach cancer, rectal cancer and in patients with chronic hepatitis. Often black stool is a sign of perforation of stomach ulcer or bleeding in erosive gastritis. If you have these diseases in the anamnesis, it is necessary to urgently seek medical help.
The chair in this case poorly executed - liquid or tarry. Constant intake of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs ("Aspirin", "Ibuprofen", etc.), which is prescribed for diseases of the joints, failure to comply with the reception conditions often cause mikroerozii of the gastric mucosa, which bleed, staining the chair a dark color.
After eating certain foods stool can also be dark. It's cherry, grape, currant, honeysuckle, blueberry, blood sausage, beets, plums, prunes, licorice, chocolate, raisins. Dark beverages such as Coca-Cola, red wine, juices containing artificial or natural dark dyes often lead to staining stool in a dark color. "Black worms" often appear in the feces after consumption of bananas. If the last three days you present these products - the black stool is not a disease.
Newborns black chair in the first few days of life - the norm. This is meconium, which is composed of dead cells of the intestine and the solid fragments of amniotic fluid. If during the passage through the birth canal of the mother was tears of the vagina, for example, that a certain amount of blood can enter the baby's digestive tract, the stool will also be black. After a few days, black-green meconium is replaced by a normal chair. Children infant period black stool can be associated with taking iron-containing vitamins, foods introduction to adaptive mixtures with iron or foods, e.g. prunes.
The reception of many drugs can also change the character of the chair. Iron supplements and iron-containing vitamins are painted chair in black always, this warning is written in the annotation. A few days after discontinuation of the medication the color of the stool returns to normal. Antacids (medicines against heartburn), containing in its composition of selenium, often cause black stool. This is normal and no cause for concern.
If the chair is decorated, no abdominal pain, you do not have the above diseases, no symptoms of bleeding: dizziness, fatigue, pallor, likely the reason in the diet. Remember what you ate in the last few days - most likely the reason. A simple analysis for occult blood, which is done within half an hour (in emergency handling) allows physicians to know about the presence of the spirit in the chair. In private laboratories and in laboratories at the clinics of the analysis performed during the day.