Advice 1: How to measure in grams dry food

If the house has no kitchen scales, to accurately determine the amount of dry foragerequired by the cat, dog or ferret is difficult because the standards are usually listed in grams. In such cases it is necessary to do the calculations, converting measures of weight measures of capacity.
How to measure in grams dry food
You will need
  • a small measuring device (spoon, stack, Cup);
  • Bank or a disposable plastic Cup;
  • marker;
  • - a bowl.
Instruction
1
Carefully read the information provided on the package with the food. Sometimes the packaging indicates not only the weight but also the amount of recommended daily servings. For example, 40 grams or ½ Cup (ie 125 ml).
2
Many feed manufacturers produce special measuring cups that accurately measure the required amount of pellets. Typically, these measurements are attached to large packages of feed (10-25 kg), in addition, they can be free to obtain in large pet stores and veterinary pharmacies. Just ask the seller if they have available measuring cups for the brand of feedyou use.
3
In many pet stores pet food sold in bulk. Ask the seller to accurately measure the daily dose and pack it in separate package. House pour granules into a small jar and make a mark with marker at the correct height – this will allow you to measure out exactly the amount of feedthat is needed. It is possible to use a disposable plastic Cup and cut it at the height of the label.
4
You can also calculate the daily dose of feed, based on total volume of feed in the package. For example, if you buy food in packages of 400 grams, and the animal is necessary to give 50 grams of feed – you can either divide the contents of the packet into 8 oz portions and measure the volume of one of them. The second option is to take a small volumetric capacity (depending on granule size and weight daily serving of it can be tea or table spoon, stack, coffee Cup, Cup) and some food from the pack, gradually pour it into the bowl, counting the "measuring units" you did it. This will calculate how many grams of feed placed in the container.
5
If you transfer an animal from one feed to another measurement have to be repeated, because the ratio of weight of feed and its amount depends on many parameters, including grain size and shape, density, feed , etc. for Example, a standard glass with a volume of 250 ml is placed about 75 grams of feed for dogs of large breeds, about 100 – for small dogs, about 120 for kittens.

Advice 2: How to convert grams to milliliters

In most recipes, many ingredients are indicated in grams. How to take the right amount of product when you do not have accurate kitchen scales? Actually can be quite simple to calculate how many milliliters will be in the number of grams. And measure out the desired amount in a measuring Cup it will be much easier. Made a one-time measurement for a specific product you can save. So pretty quickly you will receive your own table, frequently used dimensional values.
How to convert grams to milliliters
You will need
  • A pen and a piece of paper
Instruction
1
Find reference information about the measured product and write down the value of its density.
2
Before calculating put grams in kilograms. To do this, divide the weight of product per 1,000. Your result will mean the mass of the substance in kilograms. Now you can substitute it in the formula.
3
The mass of a substance is split into a reference density value. The result of the action will correspond to the volume of product in cubic meters.
4
Translate cubic meters to milliliters. To do this, the result of previous actions multiply by 1000000. The result is our desired value is the volume in milliliters for this product. You can then measure in a measuring Cup specified quantity.
Note
The density of the product should be given in the reference in the SI metric system, i.e. it is specified in units of kg/m3.
Useful advice
Sometimes in a table reference point is not the exact number, but the range of density values, such as buckwheat 1180-1280 kg/m3. In this case, you should take the average value of these values, as it is closest to the density given in less precise tables.

Advice 3: How to teach to the dry dog poop

On dry food goes a lot of legends: someone says it is useful and convenient, someone-that is, on the contrary, it is harmful and may even kill the dog. Have dry food of course has its pros and cons. The main thing is to use it.
How to teach to the dry dog poop
Instruction
1
Dry food or natural food?Little growing bodies need so many things: in addition to protein, fats and carbohydrates, you need minerals, fiber, and vitamins. You can, of course, mix in a bowl the meat, cereals, milk, egg, cottage cheese, but the dog's stomach is not so tough to digest the mixture. As claimed by the veterinary doctors, in the finished dry food, despite claims in advertising, also can not find the dog all the necessary nutrients. In addition, dry food is bad to stretch a dog's stomach, makes it work. Experts came to the conclusion that it is not necessary to oppose to dry food and natural feeding, they should be combined. For example, one day to feed dry food, the other is a natural food with high protein and fiber. Also in the diet, you can add vitamins, especially in autumn and winter, so the dog can not fully receive the necessary dose no dry food or natural food.
How to teach to <b>dry</b> <em>feed</em> <strong>dog</strong>
2
How to choose a dry food?Cheap dry food made from by-products and preservatives. They are not only not useful but even harmful to dogs. The use of such feed is threatened by the development of kidney stones, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, in some cases, even diabetes. In addition, due to the low quality of the raw materials from which manufactured the feed, they are too quickly digested and the dog always goes hungry. Buy a good, expensive food brands tested. Food have to match the breed, weight and age of the animal. Good brands of feed a fairly wide product range, you will easily be able to choose the food that is needed for your pet. The rate of supply will be indicated on the packaging.
How to teach to <b>dry</b> <em>feed</em> <strong>dog</strong>
3
How to teach a dog to dry feed?Dry food is convenient: at the cottage or on the road, when there is no possibility to cook food the dog, he is simply irreplaceable. But many of the animals at first refuse dry food. In order to put the dog on dry food, you must slowly mix it to the familiar food. Maybe the dog just feel his taste, and he will have her disposition. Add food in food until then, until it will be 50% of the total supply. If the dog eats everything, try to give dry food separately. Vets recommend you soak it with water. If you are against mixing, be sure to be near the food was a bowl of fresh water. If the dog is naughty, let her get hungry. If it continues to refuse, go back to the add a feed in the usual food, until the animal get used to the taste. You may need to change the brand of feed.
How to teach to <b>dry</b> <em>feed</em> <strong>dog</strong>
Useful advice
Training the dog and teaching her the commands, use dry food as a reward.

Advice 4: How to measure 100 grams

Often in recipes you want to take 100 grams of any product, but few people have kitchen scales to produce the required measurements. For this reason, hostesses try not to use these recipes for cooking. But in order to cook any dish, not necessarily to weigh all the ingredients using the scales. Weight many food products it is possible to learn using the different capacities that exist in every home.
How to measure 100 grams
You will need
    • faceted glass
    • tablespoon
    • liter Bank
    • measuring Cup
Instruction
1
In order to measure 100 grams of milk or water for cooking any dish, take regular faceted glass and fill with fluid, a little topping to half. For a more accurate compliance with weight pour 5 ½ tablespoons water and 5 tablespoons of milk.
2
If you fill 2/3 faceted glass flour or ground nuts, the weight of these products will be approximately 100 grams. To get a more accurate weight by 10 tablespoons flour, 10 tablespoons of chopped nuts.
3
Poured half a glass of semolina or powdered sugar, you will get 100 grams of this ingredient.
4
To take 100 grams of sugar, rice or salt, fill the glass a little more than half.
5
Apple, potato, onion, carrot or tomato of medium size weighs about 100 grams. To obtain 100 grams of eggplant or zucchini, cut the fruit in half medium size.
6
To take 100 grams of eggs, take two eggs of medium size.
7
To determine 100 grams of strawberries or raspberries fill a quart jar with these berries, one fifth of the volume. Blueberries, currants or cranberries will weigh the same if it will fill about 6 of the can.
8
Also learn the weight food help of a special measuring Cup. Usually, this Cup is made of transparent plastic and on its walls contains a scale measuring a variety of liquids, cereals, sugar, salt. Each line signed on the type of product and has a numerical designation for this particular ingredient.
9
To measure weight in grams using this Cup, place inside it the right amount of cereals, salt, sugar, milk, water etc. Then find the scale to measure the weight of this product, and correlating the tick marks on the walls of the Cup with the level of filling of the container, learn how to fill the Cup to obtain 100 gram of ingredient.

Advice 5: How to measure 100 grams of sugar

Almost every woman, opening a cookbook or collection of recipes, faced with the fact that often the number of required products is grams. This is especially true of sugar. And if we begin to measure the amount of the desired component by eye", approximately, the dish may not be possible. Excess sugar will make your culinary work sweet and cloying, and an insufficient number – bland and tasteless. There are notmany ways to measure the right amount of sugar in the kitchen.
How to measure 100 grams of sugar
You will need
  • Scales, dimensional, or regular cups, teaspoon and tablespoon.
Instruction
1
The easiest way is to use a cooking scale for obtaining the necessary amount of sugar. Of course, these scales can also be in error, especially if you weigh such a small amount of sugar as a hundred grams, but the probability of this is small.
2
If not weights, then use the special measuring Cup. It can be bought at any hardware store. As a rule, on the outer side of this glass caused the cutoff defining the desired amount of sugar. Filling the glass, you will always be able to see, not whether you took more or less the right amount.
3
If you have no weights, no glass, use improvised means such as a dining room and a tea-spoon or the usual glass of water. If we talk about the volume fits in a spoon of sugar, then you need to always keep in mind that the spoon should be full, with a small slide. To measure one hundred grams tablespoon, you need to scoop the sugar four times, in a regular large tablespoon contains about twenty-five grams. But if a tablespoon is smaller than the standard size, then drop it into the sugar bowl will have seven times, because in such a spoon will fit only fifteen grams of sugar. A teaspoon holds approximately seven grams of loose products, so to get a hundred grams of sugar should take fourteen and a half spoons. If you fill sugar in a regular Cup to the edge, you will get about two hundred and fifty grams. Filled with less than half a glass will accommodate this amount of sugar.
Useful advice
Measuring the right amount of sugar with the help of improvised means, keep the degree of filling of each of them were the same. Then you get more accurate product weight and your dish is sure to be delicious.

Advice 6: How to convert grams to milliliters

In grams measured body mass in any physical state, in milliliters is the volume of the liquid. The mass of a substance depends on its density, which in turn depends on physico-chemical properties of substances and external conditions. We will understand how to align those physical quantities.
How to convert grams to milliliters
You will need
  • calculator,
  • - Libra,
  • - barometer,
  • thermometer,
  • - Handbook of physics.
Instruction
1
Determine the weight of the substance in grams. To do this, use weights.

Many foods are sold pre-packaged. In this case, the question of the weight disappears by itself. For example, in a standard pack of sugar, this food product is one kilo exactly.
2
Find it in the Handbook of physics the density of the desired substance.

For more accurate result of subsequent calculations, use an existing reference corrections for pressure, humidity and temperature of the air.
3
The value of the density of the material in the Handbook may be given in different units. If the density is specified in kg/cubic m - set the value of the density in g/CC and ml To do this, move the kilograms to gramsand cubic meter - milliliters. Then substitute in the numerator and denominator of the respective units, and they multiply the table value density: the density (from table) * 1000 g/1 000 000 ml.
4
Use the calculator to calculate the amount of material: divide the mass by the density.

Don't forget about the units!
The resulting value will determine the ratio of the mass of a substance in grams by its volume in milliliters.
Note
To eliminate the error in the calculations, carefully handle the units.
Useful advice
1 kilogram – 1000 grams. 1 liter – 1000 milliliters.

It is considered that 1 gram of water equals 1 milliliter 1 liter of distilled water at a temperature of + 4oC weighs about 1 kg (density of water under these conditions is 1000 kg/cubic meter). The change in the density of tap water (the ratio of body mass to the volume that it occupies), due to changes in pressure and temperature of the ambient air in the home is usually not taken into account. When more accurate calculations (for example, when determining the mass of ballast on ships) - it takes into account everything.

If we talk about water density - the sea water is heavier than fresh. This is due to the presence of salts. Other substances density is also more or less changes depending on external factors: pressure, humidity and ambient temperature. In this case, the substance is more hygroscopic (absorbs moisture intense), the larger changes in density. That is the same capacity of a certain volume, filled with substances with different density will have different mass. For example, the density of the sand, depending on the maintenance in it of water changes by about half.

For the convenience of users, there are conversion chart grams to milliliters for many food products. On the basis of these tables are made of plastic measuring mug for kitchen liquid and solids.

Advice 7: How to measure dry food

The packaging with dry food is usually the weight of the contents, as well as the recommended dosage. But if no weights how to measure the right amount of food, so the pet does not overeat, but not go hungry? There are several ways to measure dry ingredients.
How to measure dry food
You will need
  • - measuring Cup;
  • - kitchen scales;
  • standard glass;
  • plastic bottle;
  • - Laundry gum;
  • - a sheet of paper;
  • pencil.
Instruction
1
At the pet store, you can offer special measuring Cup, which has a division corresponding to a specific weight of each kind of food. However, in General, these cups are designed for dog and cat food. Owners turtles, ferrets and some birds have to get out of their situation differently. Of course, such a Cup in any case useful. Ask the seller to weigh it first empty and then pour the desired amount of feed and make on the wall of the corresponding box.
2
You can use kitchen scales. Before weigh food, don't forget to weigh capacity. To determine the amount of feed actually needed from the total weight subtract the weight of the vessel.
3
In the absence of volumetric glassware take a plastic bottle suitable volume. Cut her neck. At the upper edge of the resulting glass puncture or penetrate the hole. Pass him with a clothes line and tie the elastic band of her ring. Ring clip any protruding from the vertical plane. For example, on the door handle. On the door with Scotch tape, fasten a sheet of white paper. Assume that 1 ml of water weighs 1 g. Respectively, in standard faceted glass holds 200 g of water. In stores of beverages sold in plastic bottles of different sizes, and you can almost always pick one that meets the necessary dosage of food.
4
Pour in a large bottle from a glass or a small bottle with a known volume the amount of water and take on the risk sheet, mark the position of bottom. Without removing the rubber band, pour the water, wipe and dry your homemade steelyard. For quick drying you can use a Hairdryer.
5
Begin to scoop food into the bottle. Watch the bottom. When it descend to the level of risks it will mean in the bottle is the right amount of food.
Useful advice
If you wish, you can upgrade the device. Attach the elastic band to the cork of the bottle and for filling the feed slot on the side, as is done at the bird feeder. Such scales would hang evenly and without bias. Also to the bottom of the bottle, you can stick a ruler or a rake and use it as an arrow-pointer.
To remove the spring balance each time, hang it in a discreet place. This can be, for example, the inner Cabinet door. The gum will have to be changed periodically because it tends to stretch. The instrument must be periodically verified. Re-calibrate the scale necessary and in that case, if changing the dosage or type of feed. It is better to make a few scratches with the appropriate signatures.

Advice 8: How many grams of gold in Olympic medals

Ended on London jubilee, the summer Olympics the best athletes on the planet 302 times awarded the medals. However, although the medals for the first place and are called gold, in fact this precious metal in them not so much. But the value of these sports trophies, of course, is not measured by the value of the metal from which they are made.
How many grams of gold in Olympic medals



Medals of the London Olympics are 85mm in diameter and 7mm thick, and the weight of the awards varies from 375 to 400 grams. Medals for first and second places by 92.5% consists of silver. Medals for second place up to the required weight Supplement with copper, but the highest awards to copper added to the gold - plating of this metal is 1.34% of the total weight or about 6 g. Awards in bronze 97% copper, 2.5% zinc and 0.5% tin. Interestingly, the metals used for the production of the medals was mined near salt lake city and in the Mongolian mine Oyu Tolgoi, zinc was brought from Australia, and tin from the British County of Cornwall.

In the history of the modern Olympic games was of pure gold only once - at the IV sports forum, who in 1908 also took place in London. Then the medal had a diameter of 3.3 cm, but it was a full 25 grams of precious metal. The British were not obliged to do - at the First Olympic Congress held in 1894 in Paris, was adopted by the Olympic Charter, which established and common standards for awards to the athletes. It said that the medals for the first place should be made of silver of 925-th sample and covered with 6 grams of gold. However, these rules are rarely adhered to - for example, at the II Olympic games held where the Charter was adopted, the winners were awarded bronze rectangular awards with a silver coating. At all passing after the Second world war games accepted standard observed more precisely the content of gold in the medals ranges from 6 to 6.5 grams.

If you measure the price of the coin its constituent metals, the gold medal of London 2012 should be estimated at $644, the silver - $330, and bronze - $5. However, the known precedent, when the Polish athlete was put up for auction in Athens received a medal and received almost $82 500.


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