Advice 1: How to play the cups

Material for making musical instruments can be found in every apartment. A lot of opportunities provides kitchenware. The drum of the pan - it is quite common. But you can do something like crystallion from glasses, shot glasses or wine glasses. Professional musicians use a similar tool custom machined cups or glasses. Different thickness gives different pitch. In the same conditions as domestic to configure and use the regular water.
How to play the cups
You will need
  • - 12 glasses;
  • - Scotch;
  • table;
  • - measuring utensils;
  • pen;
  • - a tuning fork or keyboard;
  • - a thin metal or glass rod.
Select 12 thin glass or crystal glasses. Of course, to rebuild in this way it is possible and normal faceted, but they are made of very thick glass. It will give a very dull sound. For cristallina one octave take 12 identical glasses. If you want to make a more complex tool, respectively, "the glass key" will need more.
Put the glasses side by side on the table. Check whether they give the same sound. This is done approximately the same as in the store, when the seller checks on the dishes cracks. Should not be very sharp differences. In the glass, which gives the sound is too low, add a little water. Can be done otherwise, accepting the sound for the main tone and setting him on the rest.
Try to determine what sound gives you an empty glass. Use a tuning fork or any Temperirovannyiy musical instrument. Suitable, for example, a synthesizer or a virtual piano keyboard. They, in contrast to conventional tools that give absolutely accurate tuning. The sound of empty glass take over the main tone.
Listen to the sound of the chromatic scale, executed on the virtual keyboard or synthesizer. Press each key in succession, no matter they are white or black. You can rebuild crystallion and guitar by holding the string alternately on adjacent frets. Gradually pour the water into the glass. The more water, the higher it will sound. To continue to configure a homemade crystallion, mark with a marker the water level corresponding to each tone. If you have access to measuring utensils, pour water from a glass into it and record how many milliliters it is necessary to pour to sound a certain height. Water pour back into the glass.
Rebuilt all the "keys" arrange the glasses in a row according to the chromatic scale. Glass, giving the lowest sound must be extreme left. But this is not mandatory — as, indeed, and chromatic tuning. You can take only the sounds needed for a specific melody, and positioning "keys" as you wish.
Professional artists played on glass harp just fingers. You also can use this method of sound production. Hands must be absolutely clean. They should not be cream. Better fingertips at all degreased, and then moisten with water. Slide your fingertip on the top slice of glass. Brush when doing a circular movements should be relaxed.
To play glasses can be another way — with a hammer, like a xylophone.Suitable thin metal or glass rod, will fit even a teaspoon. Remember that "keys" you have a very brittle, so the force of impact must be controlled. You can knock on the edge or on the side of the glass. Sounds the height will be identical, but in the first case it will be more loud and clear.
Useful advice
Instead of glasses you can use wine glasses or goblets.

Advice 2: How to turn a glass of water so that the water is not turned

One of the simplest experiments with a liquid, often used for performances by magicians, this upside down glass of water, which from him pours out. This experience can be carried out independently.
How to turn a glass of water so that the water is not turned
You will need
  • Scissors, cardboard (thin) or thick paper, ruler, 1 Cup, 1 marker, bowl of glass or plastic, the water in the jug.
To conduct this experiment (or focus) need to be prepared. To do this, cut out with scissors from a sheet of cardboard square. It needs the size to be larger than the diameter of the glass and act beyond the edges of 3 cm Write marker to cut a piece of cardboard the inscription "do Not shake!" This should be remembered by you and your audience. Put on the table a container of glass or plastic, empty glass, the water in the jug, place the prepared cardboard.
Fill the glass with water, right to the edge. Take the cardboard in the arm with the lettering facing up and place it on the edge of the glass. Hand must be clean, not sticky to the cardboard to it is not stuck at the crucial moment. With a quick movement, invert the glass, holding in the palm of the cardboard. Do it over the bowl. Place the cardboard carefully in the bowl, remove the hand too cautiously. You and your audience will see that water without spilling a drop, and it continues to be in the glass.
The same experience can be produced with different amount of water in the glass, different materials hold water in it like a regular album sheet. You can also not put the cardboard on the bowl and take your hand from the sheet, holding the top of the beaker with the other hand. The result is always the same, and the water will not spill.
This experiment has a scientific explanation based on the physical properties of substances: the water doesn't spill outside of the cardboard, because between it and the cardboard it creates air pressure, which acts on the paper. Also the role played by the scientific fact that molecules on the surface of any liquid in contact together and creates an invisible film. In this case, the film is formed on the surface of the water when it borders paper. In fact, water in this case is almost "glued" to a sheet of cardboard.

Advice 3: How to play the xylophone

Xylophone – wooden percussion instrument with accurate tuning. The tool is a series of wooden plates, each of which corresponds to a specific sound. The accuracy of the system is provided by the manufacturer. The sale can be seen as children's 8-ton xylophones and complex professional tools with a large number of plates. Play the xylophone with special hammers.
The xylophone can be played
You will need
  • - xylophone;
  • - 2 of the hammer;
  • notes for xylophone;
  • - table of scales, chords and arpeggios
  • - the arrangement of plates.
Inspect the tool. Plates children's xylophone are usually painted in different colors, to make it easier to navigate. Some tools for adult plates signed, there you will find either a note name or its designation on the stave. Could be a tool where any symbols are missing. In this case, the desired layout of the boards. If not, you will have to identify the sounds by ear. However, this problem can be easily overcome if you learn to play, for example, on the piano. Like the piano, the xylophone plates that are configured on the neighboring sounds are close. The scale can be natural or chromatic. Children's xylophones are tuned in C major, play in other keys, except for natural La minor, such an instrument not to play. Professional xylophone is a chromatic system, that is, the adjacent plates give the interval in semitone increments.
Take the hammer. Tip should lie on the nail phalanx of the index finger on the side of it. The thumb is on top. She holds the tip of the hammer, but not presses it. The other fingers are slightly bent and loose. The wrist also should move freely. At the slightest tension the sound is deaf. Try to play any range of first one hand, then the other. Then try to play with two hands, the lower four steps with the left hand, the other – right. You can also alternate hands. For example, in C major is taken to the left hand, d – right, e – left, etc.
Notes for xylophone are written in the treble clef. You can take a collection, designed specifically for this tool (for example, "a Textbook for xylophone and snare"), but the most common textbook solfeggio for music school. Your task is to learn the notes, their location on the tool and notation of durations. Whole note is indicated by a white circle, a half – white circle with a stick, a quarter – a black circle with a stick, the eighth note has a tail, the sixteenth – two tails, etc. the Number of beats in each measure should correspond to the size which is written in the beginning of the stave. Try to learn a simple piece. It is important to coordinate the movements of the hands. Start to disassemble the piece, take the sound of the hand that you prefer. In the notes you can put down the appropriate icons. Start playing at a slow pace, just getting in the middle of the planks. When remember the order of the sounds, increase your pace.
Learn to make a sliding movement on all boards of a number of. This technique is useful when you are playing virtuoso pieces where you need a bright ending.

Advice 4: How many milliliters in a Cup

Accurate measurements are not always available during normal everyday cooking. So it is sometimes very useful to know, for example, what is the volume of ordinary glass.
How many milliliters in a Cup
The volume of any vessel is measured in liters, for an ordinary kitchen glass uses milliliters.


Glass is one of the popular measures that actively use the hostess in the cooking process, along with tea and tablespoons. So, in many recipes the amount of metered fluid needed for a particular dish, it is determined in the glasses.

It should be borne in mind that, despite the large variety of types of this ware, which can now be found in hardware stores, we are talking about the standard faceted glass, made of glass. He appeared in the kitchens of Russian citizens during the Soviet years, but today it can be easily purchased in any cookware store. Even if you don't plan to use it for other purposes - for drinking tea, coffee or other beverages, it can be useful to you precisely as volume.

Volume of glass

The standard way of measuring the volume of a vessel is performing this measurement with water. This is useful because, due to the relatively low density in comparison with some other fluid, the nominal value of the weight and volume of the water is commonly the same.

The result of the measurements is easy enough to figure out that faceted glass is filled exactly to the edges, sometimes called the mark, will have a volume equal to 200 milliliters. If you make it to the top, the full Cup is 250 milliliters.

Measuring using cups the volume of other liquids, it should be borne in mind that the ratio of volume and mass may be different compared to water. Thus, some liquids are more dense: thus, filling the glass to the edges, you will receive a quantity of liquid, the volume of which is still 200 ounces, but the weight is slightly more than the 200 grams, which weighs that amount of water.

For example, such results you will get if you fill to the edges of the glass liquids such as honey, which weight for a given volume of 265 grams, condensed milk, which will weigh 360 grams, sour cream, whose weight will be 210 grams. A liquid close to water in density, will weigh virtually the same, for example, milk, vinegar and the like. Therefore, you should carefully monitor what measure specified for a particular product, as measured by cups, the recipe, not to be mistaken with just the right amount not to spoil the finished dish.
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