Advice 1: How to make a table for sewing machines

If you like to sew, you know the problem of finding and freeing the table for making patterns, raskryvanie fabric and the sewing process. Thread, needles, bobbins, feet and other accessories are in different places and every time they have to collect everything on the table, and after work to put back. To make the sewing process was pleasant and easy, you need to make a table for the sewing machine.
How to make a table for sewing machines
You will need
  • - a sheet of paper;
  • pencil;
  • - material: chipboard, laminated chipboard, plywood, etc.;
  • - hacksaw or jigsaw;
  • beams;
  • - sandpaper;
  • - Lac;
  • - stain;
  • - roller;
  • - edging tape;
  • - iron or a heat gun;
  • - the hinges;
  • - fittings for cabinets;
  • - screws and pins with countersunk head;
  • - screwdriver or screwdriver.
Make a project table for sewing machine. Draw on a piece of paper the top and sides, or legs, specify the desired height, width and length of the table. If the space in the apartment is limited, unable to make a folding variant, this top will split into two parts, one of which is stationary (the sewing machine) and the other on the hinges with an extra leg or stand (for dolls and raskryvanie). Be sure to provide a few boxes for different things.
Pick up the material for the table, it can be thick plywood, particleboard, chipboard, furniture panels, or other quite thick materials. Draw on the surface the size and shape of the countertop, bottom and side walls(in different ways several times to check the angles they should be strictly straight). Saw out the desired shape with a hacksaw or jigsaw.
If you prefer a table with legs, saw them out of the bar. For conventional table needs 4 legs, for folding you'll need 5 or 6 legs the same length.
Treat the materials, leading them in a neat view. If necessary, where you want to locate and grind the legs, programsuite surface. Cover the stain of the desired color, then lacquer. Edge parts of chipboard and glue the chipboard edge banding tape, heat it with a building dryer or iron.
Assemble the table. First assemble the base – side wall and the countertop, connect them with pins with countersunk head length 30 to 35 mm or with screws, additionally accurately all the joints with glue. Then assemble the parts on the hinges, fasten it with screws.
Separately fabricate the boxes, attach the accessories: roller guides and handles. Check whether they are designed for them.
In order to be able to remove the sewing machine inside the table provide a shelf. Then the table will be easily converted into a convenient Cabinet.

Advice 2: How to set a sewing machine

If you bought a new sewing machine, and she is not working as you would like, it's not a reason to carry it in repair or to return to the store. It can be just not configured. This means that we need a machine to configure, before you begin work.
The ability to customize a sewing machine will save you from many problems
A spring, which shakes the thread, should be rigged below the cap, filled with a spool and located in a raised elongated end of the thread state, did not give the thread to spin until we pull her up sharply.
The upper thread is passed through the feed system. This process usually looks like this: the thread that runs through several metal tabs, then passes through the Adjuster, then it is skipped in the ear notarialnogo lever and a few staples it gets in the eye of a needle.
How to skip the thread, we understand. Now on to setting up the tension. The most beautiful and high-quality stitching we would get if the bottom and top strands are intertwined in the depth of the material is invisible to the eye. It happens, if the thread tension is correct. The tension of the upper thread, we can set up a mechanism on the front of the machine, and the lower the adjustment screw, located on the Shuttle.
Setting the tension of the lower thread to hold easily, so we will not consider this case. And we will address better the process of setting up the tension of the upper thread, which consists in twisting a screw, which compresses the saucer washers. So, to test take a small piece of tissue and prosem it. If the hinges are hanging out, means that the upper thread is too loose or too much tight. If the seam is relatively flat, then the look – which side is stronger visible nodules plexus of the lower and upper thread. Nodules are usually easily palpated by the finger. If the tension is set correctly, the nodules are no longer palpable.
So, the conclusion:
The nodules are approximately in the middle of the seam and not be felt (not palpable). This suggests that the tension of yarns optimally.
Nodules grope on the bottom side. This means that the upper thread is tight enough.
Nodules grope on the top side of the seam. In this case, the needle thread tension is above normal.
Hanging loop work – the needle thread tension deviates strongly from the norm, in one direction or the other.
The seam will be weak and unusable, if the lower thread bobbin loosely placed on the cap or not tight. The top thread also has a weak tension.
Setting the pressure foot can be done by means of a spring. Automatically this setting is in the most advanced models of sewing machines. Enough for sewing thick materials provides for the presser foot lift to a height of 12 mm. If the foot pressure on the material, it may cause displacement linked layers, difficulties, and sometimes and tear of the fabric. If the presser foot on the material is almost no pressure, get the wrong seam.

Advice 3: How to fix a sewing machine

Many families still kept the old sewing machines that were released more than half a century ago. Unlike many contemporary models, these sewing machines sew regularly for decades, and almost do not require complex and costly repairs. However, in order for the machine pleasing you with the quality work for a long time, it is necessary to properly care and time to repair.
How to fix a sewing machine
If the waist machine sewn fabric, zamknutaya in the ring, cut it – you will not need it, and the needles stuck into a fabric, left on the surface of cars ugly scratches. Throw away all the old, bent, dull needle and waste, as their usage may spoil the machine.
Disassemble the sewing machine, remove the needle plate cover, remove the hook, and then clean the needle and tweezers under the surface of the needle plate from the mixture of old dust and fibers mixed with machine oil. Using a thick needle to clean the teeth that move the fabric over the needle plate.
After that, take the kerosene and clean from thickened oil and lint Shuttle device. Also clear the hook using the knife.
When the dirt is removed, take a disposable syringe with a thick needle and a bottle of special household lubricating oil for sewing machines. In the housing of the sewing machine, you will see several holes.
Drip with a syringe in each hole 3-4 drops of oil, then put the same oil in the holes of the needle bar and presser foot, and then lubricate the bobbin winding. Lay the machine on its side, opening the mechanism. Lubricate the internal mechanisms of the machine, then turn the handle of the car to distribute the oil on all the details.
Let's see how installed the washer in the friction device. The washer should be placed so that the projections were sent out. If the washer was incorrectly, install it as necessary, and then tighten the friction and stopping the screws. Proper care of sewing machine and from time to time lubricating it, you will ensure its longevity and proper function.
To ensure that the machine is not subjected to negative environmental influences, do not store it in humid and too hot places.

Advice 4: How to sell a sewing machine

If you are a happy owner of a vintage sewing machine, you probably know that this is a rare commodity, and you can implement it, having a decent amount of money.
How to sell a sewing machine
Before you try to sell a sewing machine, find out exactly the brand name and the year she was manufactured.
Inspect the machineas if you were going to buy it and start pre-sales. Repair the flaws that catch the eye. Clean the machine from dust and make it presentable. If possible, eliminate visible defects and refresh the appearance.
Visit the local antique shops or antique dealers private with the purpose of studying demand and monitoring of the prices for old sewing machines that stamp and year, which corresponds to a product.
Find the professional repair and cleaning and ask it to determine whether your unit is in working condition. Also with the help of a specialist clean up and adjustment of all nodes.
Take pictures of the cars from all sides and try to sell it on eBay. Set the product on several websites for maximum effect.
You can sell the machine through the online forum on relevant topics and also give ads in Newspapers. Using all of these capabilities in the complex, you will surely find a buyer. In this case, don't hurry - because antique sewing machines are not a high demand item that was bought daily. But it is possible to gain a considerable amount of money, patience.
If the ad responds a little wanting, observe how they sell these things other sellers. Otherwise, try to formulate a sales letter. Test the different possibilities to reach the goal.
Useful advice
Prepare text for correspondence with potential buyers. Write a detailed description of the capabilities of the machine. Try to write from the heart, that the buyer could see how you value the product, treat it carefully.

Advice 5: How to disassemble a sewing machine

Over time, almost all sewing machines are broken. If the machine started to skip stitches, it made the lines uneven and not kept (immediately dismissed), then it lost the settings, or even worse, it broke. To determine the cause of failure and fix it, the machine need to be dismantled.
How to disassemble a sewing machine
You will need
  • - rich cream for hands;
  • - rags;
  • - kerosene;
  • brush;
  • needle;
  • oil;
  • glue;
  • - screwdriver.
Often the cause of breakage of the sewing machine is the accumulation of dirt and rust. For Troubleshooting, you must clean all parts and components of sewing machines.
First remove dirt that collects between the tracks of the rails of feed and needle plate (this is a polished plate, in the hole which includes a needle of the sewing machine). To do this, Unscrew with the screwdriver the screws holding the needle plate and carefully remove it. As a rule, under the needle plate you can detect the downed bundle, consisting of villous tissue: remove this contamination with a brush.
Pull the Shuttle out of the bed, where it rotates, and carefully inspect to detect chipping and other mechanical damage. If mechanical damage is not detected, clear the Shuttle from dust and hardened oil. To easily remove old dirt, use a cloth soaked in kerosene.
Start cleaning the Shuttle nest. First try to remove dirt with a brush; if layering is too compressed, to remove dirt, use a needle or other sharp object.
Clean the reducer, rotating Shuttle mechanism, and bushing (there is friction moving parts), and lubricate with oil all friction parts are easily accessible and bushings. Immediately cloth to wipe smudges of oil.
Check the needle bar mechanism is a metal pin that holds the needle. Make sure that is inserted in the needle bar, the needle meets the demands placed on it: the needle must be sharp and have the type 705 (needle used in household sewing machines).
Verify successful installation of the needle bar. The correct position of the needle bar height is determined by the approach nose of the Shuttle to the needle, when that is far from the nose position. In lockstitch sewing machines the needle bar height is equal to 1-1,5 mm.
Some models of sewing machines, for example, "Jaguar" or the "Pfaff hobby" to find the needle bar is not easy. Disassemble the plastic case, do it very gently because the plastic is brittle. Then adjust the needle bar and glue plastic case.
Check the pressure of the foot, fastened to the stem of leptodirinae. To this end, when stitching thick fabric, lightly press a finger on the horn of the foot: if the gaps disappear, then you need to increase the presser foot pressure, and this can be done by twisting the adjusting screw. Pressure should increase gradually.
Often the old models of "Seagulls" is not activated in the stem weakening the threads. To resolve this problem remove the top cover: left sleeve sewing machine, near the tension Adjuster thread, you will see a hole with a depth screw. Slightly loosen the screw with a screwdriver and pull on itself the regulator of sitenotices 2 mm, and then fasten the screw.
Use only a sharpened screwdriver! If the screwdriver will be old and the wrong size, you will damage the screw head, which it will be very difficult to Unscrew.
Useful advice
To make it easier to wash his hands from the engine oil, before you begin, lubricate them with a fat cream for the hands.

Advice 6: How to use a sewing machine

The ability to sew was always appreciated. And even today, when the range of garments in the shops big enough and able to satisfy even the most capricious fashionistas, sewing remains one of the most popular types of needlework. Moreover, things made by hand, now in a great fashion. But not every school girls learn to handle the sewing machineso that to master this science, many have their own.
Learn how to fill the sewing machine

Manual – this is important

In stores now you can find sewing machines of various types – hand, foot, electric, and even program management. So before buying be sure to ask the seller instructions. It should be in the language you understand. If you buy a machine with it, also don't forget this important document.

Of course, if you are lucky and you got the antediluvian "singer" or "Podolsk" will likely have to do without documents. But old cars are pretty simple and information as they refuel and how to use them, you can easily find in any old book on sewing. Read the instructions carefully. Pay particular attention to what not to do with the machine in any case.

Learn how to fill the machine

Regardless of what machine you are going to sew, learn to perform several actions. Try to start to fill the upper thread. This is a fairly simple action, just the thread needs to pass through several holes in sequence.

From the coil it goes through the small window on the back of the machine, then passes through the regulator tension of the upper thread, one or two loops, and finally inserted into the needle. The procedure is in the instructions for the machine and break it not, a string of, at best, just breaks in the worst – capricious modern machine may even fail.

The second step that you will have to do is to learn how to refuel the Shuttle. It is inserted into the spool with thread. Regardless of the type of the machine spool in the Shuttle is inserted so that the thread went in a clockwise direction. By the way, modern seamstresses don't have to rewind the thread, you can buy a ready-made bobbin already wound with thread. It is important that the top and bottom threads were of the same quality and same thickness.

Learn to put a needle

Read how to insert the needle. Buy different needles for sewing machines, because for each tissue needs a needle of a certain thickness. In the logs for the needle you will find information about what yarn and what needle is needed for the manufacture of specific products. Adjust the needle strictly according to instructions and remember how you do it. If the needle is wrong, she will take off or tear the fabric and thread.

Before you start sewing

Remember where your car controllers of the yarn tension, and the lever setting the stitch length. Meet other capabilities of your machine. Find out whether it is zigzag, is it possible to buttonhole loop, to do the embroidery, etc. Place the machine the way you want. If it is manual, usually twist the handle with your right hand and the left holding a tissue. When sewing any other fabric hold machine with both hands. Before you start to sew large items, adjust the machine on a small piece of the same fabric.

Advice 7: What sewing machine to buy for the beginner

Now many Housewives happy to buy a sewing machine and learn to sew. A sewing machine is not only a technique for mending clothes, and the whole hobby or job.
To choose a sewing machine the young seamstress is quite difficult, but not worth chasing heavy-duty technologies, look to simple sewing machines.
What sewing machine to buy for the beginner

Types of sewing machines

Sewing machines are:

- Electromechanical. This is the easiest option, which is suitable for a beginner. Such sewing machines and is recommended for starters. Configuring seam and thread tension occurs independently by the user. These machines often come with a pedal for speed flow. There are such a sewing machine is inexpensive.

- Programmable. Such sewing machines all set up automatically, you need only to select the desired sewing program. The screen displays all the information: the type of seam, stitch, thread and fabric.

- Sewing and embroidery machines. Such sewing machines not only sew, but also can embroider any patterns. These machines are fully automated, they can hook up your computer for software updates or patterns.

- Overlock. Such a sewing machine is not intended for sewing. They quickly treat the edges of the product so that thread didn't crumble.

What sewing machine is recommended for beginners

For those new to handmade business experts advise to pay attention on the first type of sewing machines.

Electromechanical machines are easy to manage, easy to refuel the thread. These sewing machines don't require constant software updates. They are less likely to fail, and minor difficulties are easily resolved at home, without a master. They are very simple to change a broken needle or the wrong foot. These sewing machines are a standard set of lines, and a little decorative, which is quite enough for home crafts. On Electromechanical machines you can quickly and easily learn how to sew.

You should pay attention to when buying a sewing machine

View of the Shuttle device. The simplest form of Shuttle device, which can be found in old mechanical typewriters, it rocks. It is quite convenient for low-speed sewing.

For the modern "treadle" sewing machines use a horizontal Shuttle device. It is convenient in terms of threading, the filament in them are rarely confused. The only disadvantage of this Shuttle device – adjust the tension of the lower thread.

Adjusting the tension of the upper thread and pressure foot on the fabric. In computer models of sewing machines such functions automated. And Electromechanical models need manually to configure everything, because it affects the quality of lines on different types of tissues.

The gain of the puncture of tissue with a needle. When buying an Electromechanical sewing machine ask the seller depends on whether the force of the puncture of tissue with a needle from the sewing speed. For sewing all kinds of fabrics need to strength puncture was always maximum, regardless of sewing speed.

Lines. In the Electromechanical models have a small set of lines. Be sure to be straight lines with different step size blind stitch, zig-zag. Perhaps in the chosen model are and decorative stitches. Ask the seller how many lines and what is in the sewing machine. The young seamstress is usually enough only the standard set of lines. Computer embroidery and sewing machine has a large set of lines, it is also possible to download a new one.

The speed of sewing. It depends on how hard you press on the pedal. Such "pedal" models easy to learn, if just to practice. In some older models of Electromechanical machines speed is adjustable with a lever – controller and buttons on screen.Off."

Whatever sewing machine you choose, it is necessary to adjust and learn to sew it on. The rest of the experience will come with time, is only the beginning.
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