Advice 1: How to store polymer clay

Polymer clay is suitable for molding various products of small size. This plastic material is used for manufacturing dolls, souvenir sculptures, floral arrangements, jewelry and other decorative items. To use with polymer clay many times, if you follow the rules of storage.
How to store polymer clay
You will need
  • food foil;
  • - hermetic container;
  • - plastic or plastic bag.
Store polymer clay in a cool place. Eliminate contact with the clay in direct sunlight, as under their influence the material begins to crumble and gradually turns into stone, unfit for further use.
Polymer clayleft over after making the product, storing in specific conditions – without the possibility of coming in contact with air. Pack the clay in a plastic bag, place in an airtight jar with a tight lid or wrap it in plastic foil.
Avoid contact of clay with foam surfaces and with the PVC (polyvinyl chloride) and polystyrene, as plastic may react with these substances and to soften.
Wrap polymer clay in paper as over time it will become harder, due to the properties of the paper to absorb the plasticizer.
Remaining works after the "sausage", so called Cana, put in a plastic bag, pre-wrapped in aluminum foil, and place in the refrigerator. And as soon as they will need to work on, get them out of the fridge and cut the required amount of plastics.
Keep the rest of the work material is better in the fridge. At zero or sub-zero temperatures color "sausage" will remain unchanged. This is especially true for transparent and white colors, as from the neighborhood with colored shades they quickly painted.
Useful advice
In original packaging polymer clay can be stored for several years if there are no signs of tampering and damage.

Advice 2: How to bake polymer clay

Polymer clay is a wonderful material for making crafts and decorations. It's easy to mold the desired shape. And ensure that the product is durable, it must be subjected to heat treatment. The best way to do that is burning in the oven.
How to bake polymer clay
You will need
  • - oven;
  • paper;
  • thermometer;
  • watch;
  • - cold water.
Before you put sculptured figures in the oven, carefully read the instructions supplied with polymer clay. There's a firing time based on the width of the product and the specific kind of clay. Usually the optimum temperature varies from 110 to 130 degrees.
Select utensils for baking polymer clay. This is best done on ceramic tile or porcelain ware. You can use regular baking pan, but only one where you don't cook the food. Otherwise, you can get light poisoning as polymer clay under high temperature emit toxic substances.
Place product on a baking tray and put in a cold oven. To the beads thoroughly, they can be spread on toothpicks stuck in crumpled foil. If they have no holes, lay out the beads on a paper, folded in the form of an accordion. Flat product is better to put on paper without a pattern and the pattern.
Turn the oven to the desired temperature and watch the time specified on the packaging with the clay. If the articles are to pull out prematurely, they eventually will crack and crumble, and if you are very overexposed – darken, the surface will become glossy and forms an unpleasant odor. To control the temperature in the oven with a special thermometer, sold in appliance stores.
Remove the finished product, leave them to cool or rinse under cold water. The last option will make the clay more transparent and flexible. After the clay has cooled and dried, it can do anything: skins, dyeing or washing.
Wash your hands thoroughly with soap solution, rinse the tools and wipe used surface at the end of work. If you burned in the oven intended for food purposes, wash her, too, not to get then poisoning. Then ventilate the area.

Advice 3: How to make polymer clay at home?

Polymer clay, which can be done at home, is called "cold porcelain". It is similar to the purchase of properties to congeal in the air, turning into a solid product. Best homemade clay is a ceramic floristry, as fashioned out her petals in the drying process retain their shape and become translucent, similar to the living.
How to make polymer clay at home?

Manufacturer of polymer clay

To make polymer clay at home, try to find PVA glue, which specified the word "plasticizers". Usually this ingredient is contained in the adhesive, which is designed for carpentry and furniture works. In a bowl mix one Cup of white glue and the same amount of corn starch. Stir with a spoon the resulting mass. Pour 1 tablespoon of paraffin oil and glycerol. Mix again.
Instead of corn starch for the manufacture of "cold porcelain" you can take potato starch. The finished polymer clay is with a slightly grayish tint, but if you plan to paint, then it can be neglected.

Dump the mass out of the bowl on a Teflon pan. You must have a separate pan for such work. It is impossible for her to cook. Put it on the small fire. Immediately begin to mix polymer clay with a wooden spatula. After one or two minutes the mass starts to stick to the spatula. Clean it on the edge of the pans and again heat. Knead small lumps until all the homemade clay will not end up in one big lump. Scrape off with a spatula all over the pan. It is easy to do while the mass is hot.

On a cutting Board pull the bag or wrap it in plastic wrap. Put on it resulting in "cold porcelain". The mass is not very hot, and knead it with your bare hands. If you are not comfortable, wear thick rubber gloves.

Thoroughly mix the pasty material. It is elastic and stretchable. If homemade polymer clay sticky, powder it lightly with corn starch. If you overexpose the "cold porcelain" on the stove, it can get hard and crumbly. Try to save him, vmesa a bit greasy hand cream or vaseline.

Staining and storage

For dyeing this type of clay use oil paints and dry food coloring. You cannot add acrylic paints as they are water-based. This clay will get soggy. Do not make a color from a large piece of homemade porcelain, it loses its plastic quality when you lie down. Why paint only the required working volume for crafts.
The original shades you can get, if you add the clay a small piece of lipstick. It is necessary to carefully mash to obtain uniform staining.

Finished "cold porcelain" wrap in a plastic bag and put in a plastic container with a lid. Store it at room temperature. No need to put clay in the fridge. When you will use polymer clay to make crafts, take the necessary piece of material, then the rest from cover with foil, then clay will not dry out.

Advice 4: How to use the clay left over from digging the well

Water on the site. But after dug well, the question is what to do with the clay? No need to hire a car, pay the workers for the loading and export of the clay. In skilled hands it will make a wonderful material for decoration of the suburban area.
How to use the clay left over from digging the well

Preparatory work

No need to be sad when next to a brand new well you will see a mountain of clay. Yes, at first glance, this pile of dirt, but the second is an excellent material for landscaping.

Before workers begin digging the well, tell me that they postponed the topsoil layer to the side. Let the lower rises in the form of still slides unsightly clay.

Wear rubber gloves, pour a bucket of water and place it next. If clay left over from digging the well, lay a few days under the hot sun and the top is dry, then dampen the top layer with water.

If you immediately got down to business, clay is soft and plastic, because the top layer consists of the bottom water layers, which work removed from the bottom of the well.

Three-tiered flower bed or Alpine slide

Now you can start sculpting. Take the small shovel. With this tool it is easy to make a clay mountain the desired shape.

If you decide to make it a three-tiered flower bed, then give the material a round shape. Mentally divide the structure into 3 rings. Now make them uneven. The lowest will be the outer ring, and the highest internal.

Reinforce the edges with a shovel, making the boards with the height of 10-15 cm Pour on every level fertile land, which also remained after the digging of a well. Bumpers will not allow her to sleep outside.

If you want to make the Alpine slide, do not attach a lump of clay to the correct shape. Let one side it is rounded, and a little concave. Alpine slide below the bed.

Decoration man-made creatures

Where to get the stones to design a roller coaster? Can you get them from the same clay. Very often in this deep layer, there are different rocks.

Remove the stones from the clay, rinse in water and lay them almost randomly on the Alpine slide. For beds, they also come in handy. Make the edging of this free natural material.

The Alpine slide also backfill the remainder of the digging of a well fertile land and decorate it low flowers. That the bed and the Alpine slide all summer feast for the eyes, put them pansies (viola), Daisy. Latest will multiply by self-seeding and will soon create a colorful carpet.

In the middle will look beautiful groundcover rose. Low purple iris, tulips, daffodils color the man-made structure out of clay in late spring in bright, cheerful colors.

You can find more prosaic application of the clay. This material cover the outer walls of houses from blocks, limestone, bricks, plaster the surface of the brick kilns.

Children can make figurines from this material, dried in the sun and paint at their discretion.

Indeed, clay is a unique material for building, design, creativity.

Advice 5: Can I use clay for cosmetic purposes in pregnancy

During pregnancy a woman's body experiences great stress, including skin. Very rare lucky ladies who have in this period the smooth smooth skin. The majority face a number of unpleasant problems. To look good, you need your daily care. This will help the clay.
Can I use clay for cosmetic purposes in pregnancy

Healing properties of clay

Clay is a perfect antiseptic. It has anti-inflammatory, stimulating and regenerating properties. Clay is able to absorb fats and liquids, perfectly eliminates skin imperfections. It can be white, blue, green, pink, red, gray, yellow and even black. Each species has its own special properties.

For example, white clay has regenerative properties, improves the complexion and also perfectly struggling with acne. Blue clay-a storehouse of anti-inflammatory properties. In addition, it fights cellulite.

Green clay is great for deep cleansing and also regenerates and nourishes the skin, tightens enlarged pores. Green clay can restore facial contour and tighten the skin.

Pink clay strengthens your nails, and grey will perfectly moisturize the skin. Red clay is essential for sensitive skin prone to redness.

Yellow clay has antigravity and exfoliating properties. Black clay is fighting the toxins in the body, so very often it is used under the wraps.

What kind of clay can be used on a pregnant woman?

During pregnancy, the cosmetic purposes, you can use any clay as long as it was clean. The correct way is to buy clay from the pharmacy.

The maximum result from the use of clay is observed in the form of cosmetic masks. You just need to choose the type of clay that is most suitable to your skin if there is not a specific color of the clay can take any. It is important to remember that masks need to be cooked in a ceramic or glass container (not in iron), to avoid oxidation.

For better results, clay masks are often added different ingredients: lemon juice, oatmeal, cucumber juice, decoctions of herbs.
In addition to skin problems with enlarged pores, acne, increased oiliness, while waiting for the baby, you may encounter problems such as papilloma on the chest and neck, as well as varicose veins. To get rid of them, making lotions, poultices of clay with grated garlic. Thus, constant care of the skin using clay masks will allow a pregnant woman to be young and attractive.

Contraindications to the use of clay during pregnancy is not. The only limitation is individual intolerance, expressed in the appearance of allergic reactions.

Advice 6: How to paint polymer clay

Polymer clay is a plastic material based on PVC-particles, it is designed for modeling small sculptures, jewelry and other products. When working with the material you want to wear rubber gloves and follow basic safety rules.
Products from polymer clay
Polymer clay is divided into two large categories: one solidifies by drying on air, the second requires baking at high temperatures (e.g. in the oven). And he and the other kind of clay can be painted, but there are some nuances.

Bake polymer clay

Different manufacturers offer bake polymer clay in a huge color spectrum. Additionally, you can paint it if necessary. For this approach:
- acrylic paint;
- gouache;
- pastel;
- crayons and pencils;
- Mel.

After the pottery was baked in the oven, it must cool. Dyeing hot polymer clay is not recommended as it may cause burns. And the paint won't stick. The only exception is pastels. Paint it product that has not yet baked in the oven. For painting it is recommended to use a soft brush with natural hair, so as not to compromise the integrity of the composition.

Application of self-hardening polymer clay

This type of clay is presented in a very sparse palette of white, gray and terracotta hues. Some manufacturers have expanded color range of polymer clay that hardens in the air naturally. For example, "Fimo" offer not only standard colors, but also bright shades that you can mix in the base color, making it original and unique. To dye application of self-hardening polymer clay, there are two options.

The first is to add paint to a basic plastic mass during the kneading. For this purpose, suitable only acrylic paint, water-based. Add some paint into a mass, knead the clay. If not enough brightness, you can add a little paint. For getting unusual shade, you can mix several colors. If the clay to work properly by an uneven, can be very original and unique coloring of the product.

The second is to paint the already fashioned from clay the subject. This approach not only acrylic but also in oil, pastel and gouache. Apply the paint have already cured the finished object. After the paint is dry, it can be fixed with clear nail Polish. This will give additional strength to the product of polymer clay. Noted that some inks change color after drying. To prevent this from happening, you need to apply them in several thick layers, each of which needs to be dried.
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