You will need
- - spoon;
- - a cotton ball;
- - citric acid.
Select a container for cooking the clay. It can be made of aluminum or any other metal. The size of the dish must be several times larger than the size of the product that will cook. And the products themselves while cooking should have enough space so as not to stick to each other. After that, the dishes in any case can not be used for storage or cooking, otherwise it is likely to poisoning.
Prepare water. Pre-boil or filter the water for cooking. This will reduce on the finished product the number of white patches appearing after thermal treatment.
Pour into prepared dishes of water so that throughout the cooking process cover the piece of polymer clay. Then bring it to a boil and gently drop there item. To not get burned and do not damage the material, immerse it in a spoon.
Cooking time depends on thickness of product. One centimeter of the subject requires at least 10-12 minutes of heat treatment. All the time follow the process. If the liquid starts to boil away, add hot water in there.
Remove the product with a spoon or a slotted spoon after it's cooked. Then rinse under running cold water. On the cold subject, I will most likely stay white plaque, which will distort the original color. Remove it with a cotton pad soaked in citric acid.
Cook the polymer clay can be in the microwave. Technology and cooking time in this case will be identical. The only difference is that pre-heat water, drop it in the product and then place in oven.
When finished, thoroughly wash under running water and used items, clean the table surface and wash your hands with soap and water. Open the window or the window and ventilate the area in which the cooked polymer clay.
Advice 2 : How to find clay
Clay is a sedimentary rock, which, depending on its composition, is used for many purposes – from construction to cosmetology. Due to its plasticity and the possibility of further processing, this material is ideal for molding tableware, crafts and other items. Moreover, to get it now no problem.
Buy clay in the store. This is the easiest and quite affordable way to get the material. Usually it is sold in the stationery Department or in stores specializing in the sale of products for independent creativity. The usual grey clay has a smooth and elastic structure, ideal for beginners in modeling.
For those who are already fairly good sculpts, you can buy blue clay. It is sold most often in powder form, Packed in big packages for a few pounds. Before using it one must sift through a fine sieve to clear from the contained pebbles. And then be diluted with water according to packaging instructions.
Use natural clay. You can find her on the shore of a river, pond or gully. However, modeling is not suitable, all natural clay, but only the one which has good elasticity and does not form after drying cracks. To determine this, remember the clay in the hand make her a cake and put it in the sun or in a warm place until dry. If the clay is left flat and smooth, you can try to use it in modeling products. However, beginners and children to better understand sculpting with polymer clay.
Before using natural material, prepare it for operation. In this clay often contains small stones, twigs and other debris of the soil, making it unsuitable for sculpting. To start, lay the clay smooth a thin layer on the cloth or plate and dry in the open air, in the oven or on the battery. The dry material is put in a canvas bag and crush to a fine powder. Clay then sift the powder through a fine sieve - this will allow you to separate from it the stones and chips.
Part of the powder pour into the bucket so that he took one-third of capacity. And then to the brim of the bucket, pour warm water. Mix thoroughly until smooth mass and allow it to stand for 1 day. After this time gently scuba cops, dredge liquid clay, trying to capture the settled debris and hard rock.
Put klinoobraznuju ground in a plaster container or several layers of fabric, which absorbs water. After drying, the clay will no longer stick to hands, but at the same time remain plastic, it is ready for sculpting.
Advice 3 : How to clean clay
Modeling clay is one of the oldest forms of art. Now in stores for artists is quite common to see clay ready for the manufacture of toys or utensils. You can buy it in hardware store. However, there are masters who prefer to prepare their own material for sculpting. It should be no stones or other debris. The clay must be cleaned.
You will need
- - clay;
- - dishes to soak;
- - pipette;
- - hammer;
- - burlap;
- - a fine metal sieve.
In nature, clay is found mainly in damp places. The property of this material is that it retains water. Find a place where you can dig up this material by plants. On clay soils grows great mother and stepmother. Almost any body of water is formed because clay allows water to seep into the ground. The question is, how deep it is. It is advisable to find the place where it reaches the surface. Most often it is rivers and swamps, but it could be just a low place between hills. Most often occur blue and green clay. The color depends on the composition. Dig up the desired amount of material.
Check how clay is good for sculpting. Break off a small piece. Moisten the clay with water so that the moisture is completely absorbed. Knead the clay. If when pressed with fingers it turns visible shiny mark, the material is quite suitable. Roll into small "sausage" and bend it into a ring. Clay high quality will give visible cracks.
Check the material on the presence of impurities. Clay should not react to acid. Squeeze a piece of wet material a little hydrochloric or sulfuric acid. If effervescence, which indicates the reaction is not — then all right.
Break the clay into small pieces. For this purpose, will fit even a wooden mallet, but you can also use a regular hammer. The pieces fold into a large enough metal container and allow them to dry completely.
Heat water and pour over the clay. Over the surface may remain small pieces of the surface. Wait until the clay swells. Mix and mash.
Lay on the table a piece of burlap or other coarse fabric. Place on a tissue clay dough and allow it to get rid of excess moisture. In the process don't forget to mix and knead the material.
Go to the actual cleaning. Clay can be cleaned of impurities in several ways. You can detach from existing you have small pieces of dough, knead them with your fingers, simultaneously freeing from small pebbles and bits of debris.
Use a metal mesh. This can be, for example, a sieve. Swollen and already lost excess water to push the clay through the mesh. All the excess will remain on the surface.
If you clay a lot or it is very dirty, you can do another way. Lay the slices of clay into a large metal dish and fill it with water. As it should stir to make a mass consistency resembles liquid sour cream. Let it settle for two hours. The stones will settle to the bottom, and small particles of debris can float to the surface. Collect them, trying not to shake the contents of the pan.
Carefully pour the clay into another vessel. Place it in a warm place to excess moisture has evaporated. This is best done outdoors on a Sunny plot. Do not close the container. Wait until the contents of the basin or the pan will thicken and gain needed flexibility and will be suitable for modeling.
Prepared for the moulding clay can be stored in a large metal bowl. The clay occupies about 2/3 of the total volume. Fill it with water, cover with a wet cloth, and then cover. Long-term storage of this material useful.