You will need
- - dye;
- - washing powder;
- - 25% ammonia;
- - salt;
- - water.
Before painting the thing, you need to determine the fabric composition. It is usually indicated on the label on the reverse side of the product. If no such tag, cut a small piece from the stock and set fire to it. Natural fabrics in combustion emit a smell of burning hair or paper. Synthetic fabrics burn without odour, except for acetate silk which smells like vinegar.
Products of nylon and nylon can be dyed with aniline, acid and disperse dyes. Some of the disperse dye suitable for dyeing acetate silk, lavsan and Nitron. You need to consider that the staining of non-ferrous products, the shade is more dark and intense than indicated in the annotation to the dye.
Any thing before painting you should wash. Fine jewelry rinse in solution of ammonia 50 g per 10 liters of water, then in clean warm and cold water. The faded fabric, soak for half an hour with detergent, wash and rinse in a solution of ammonia, then clean water. This pre-wash is needed to remove things with a new protective coating, and with the old grime.
For painting it is better to choose an enamel bowl. It should be clean, free of chips and scale. Weigh the product to determine the required amount of dye. To soften the water to prepare the solution, add baking soda, allow to settle and filter the precipitate. If you use dyes for wool and cotton, prepare the solution according to the instructions, then add 2 tablespoons of vinegar and 3 tablespoons of salt per packet of dye.
Synthetic fabric can not be boiled as they are deformed under the action of high temperatures.Heat solution to 40 degrees and lower back cloth for 15-20 minutes. Then unplug the appliance, allow to drain the solution, rinse until the water is clear, wring out without twisting, and hang on a hanger to dry.
Dacron fabric dyed with difficulty. If you are going to dye a mixed fabric, such as wool with polyester, first make a test painting on a piece of spare fabric. Be prepared for the fact that you will get the effect of melange.
Advice 2: How to dye hair extensions
Extended hair can create a miracle: the woman immediately becomes younger and more confident, her hair lush and beautiful. But women are strange creatures, once applied the hair, just let them paint. Of course, painting is not a problem, just need to do it right.
You will need
- - hair dye;
- brush for painting.
Determination of the quality of the hair extensions. This item can not be neglected. After all, if you increased the artificial hair, it is important to understand that they can not paint. Even light toning can lead to disastrous condition your hair are like a sponge, and anything you will not be able to help them (after all, the natural power they have).
If you are the owner of natural hair extensions, you need to remember to save them after painting, it is necessary to use "soft" ("metaprototype"). It is best to choose the paint that will be just a few shades different from your hair color. Because of this, it is possible to achieve very good results your natural and extended hair will look equally beautiful.
Using the brush, apply need to apply paint to the entire length of the hair extensions. It is important to remember not to apply paint to the capsule (the place where the attached artificial hair). Under the influence of paint, the capsule may collapse.
The paint on the artificial hair to keep less time than on the natural hair. Therefore, watch the time and don't damage your hair.
Be sure to consult with an experienced professional about what kind of paint is better to take and how to carry out the painting of the hair extensions at home. Remember that if you have a warranty on hair extensions in the salon by painting their hair extensions at home, you invalidate it, so the best option would be to contact the salon where you did the build.
Try to make the coloring of the hair extensions very carefully: damage capsules can lead to the fact that a strand of artificial hair in your hands. Therefore, if possible, call someone to help. Painting of the hair together will be much easier, and the result of the painting could be much better.
Advice 3: How to dye cotton
Very often it happens that cotton fabrics lose their original color and brightness after several washings. So many come to mind to repaint the thing in a different color or to add richness to the color. Natural dyes which are extracted from plant roots and leaves, forced out of aniline. To dye fabric currently used artificial dyes that have a wide variety of colors and shades.
You will need
- - dye for cotton fabrics,
- - vinegar,
- - enamelware,
- - wooden sticks.
To dye cotton it is recommended to completely clean an enamel saucepan. Aluminum and galvanized utensils cannot be used because of the grass. Utensils should be spacious, so it could easily fit the painted thing, and is completely covered with the dye solution. The greater the volume of dye solution, the harder and smoother the material will be painted.
For dyeing cotton it is advisable to take soft water (snow or rain). If the water is initially hard, it is possible to mitigate ammonia or soda ash. For turning you will need a smooth wooden sticks, they must be durable and able to withstand the weight of wetted material.
Before painting be sure to clean the material from dirt and spots. With a new cotton things desirable to remove the layer of starch, and then boil it for 30-40 minutes in a soap solution with the addition of soda. Rinse thoroughly in warm water. If things are not left stains, then you have to paint it in very dark color.
The desired amount of dye emptying into a small enamel container and gradually pour boiled water, stirring constantly with a wooden stick. Continuing to stir, add hot boiled water one packet of dye in a pint of water. The resulting solution strain through cheesecloth and pour into a bowl for dyeing, filled with water of 40-50 degrees, stir.
Prepared cotton soak in warm water, squeeze lightly, carefully straighten and lower into the pot with the dye substance. Gradually heat the solution up to a weak boil. After 20 minutes, pour the solution of salt (two tablespoons in two liters of water) and continue to paint for another 30 minutes at low boil.
Remove the pan from the fire and paint the cotton in the cooling solution for 30 minutes, stirring constantly. Colored product, remove from pan and allow to drain to the painted solution. A good rinse in warm water, changing water regularly until, until it becomes completely clean. Left rinse the item in cold water with vinegar (1 tablespoon per 5 liters of water).
Advice 4: What are the differences between synthetic and natural silk
Natural silk is one of the most durable, beautiful and useful materials known to man, and it is quite expensive. It is not surprising that textile workers are trying to create a fabric, similar in properties to the silk, but cheaper.
What is silk
Natural silk is a protein, consisting of 97% of the amino acids, 3% waxes and fatty acids. It is extracted unwinding in a special process silkworm cocoons. To create a square meter of fabric takes about 3,000 cocoons. Thread can reach a length of 1200 m.
Silk thread is extremely strong in tension. The fabric of her hypoallergenic, hygroscopic, perfectly adjusts the heat exchange of the organism with the environment. Winter silk warm in the summer – not hot. Due to the structure of the silk fabric is beautiful shimmers, reflecting the light like a prism.
Silk obtained from the cocoon of wild silkworms is called Tussah silk.
What is faux silk
Rayon is a cotton fiber, treated with an iodine solution of sodium hydroxide. This treatment is called mercerizing. To give a special sheen mercerized fiber is passed through special rolls. The fabric is faux silk and durable, pleasant to the touch and looks like real silk, however, the composition is a cellulose.
Another type of fabric, which is called artificial silk – viscose. For its production of cotton fibers or comminuted wood is treated with a concentrated solution of sodium hydroxide. The obtained thick mass of yellowish color passed through the holes of very small diameter, resulting in a long fiber – based rayon fabric. Rayon fabric looks like silk, soft to the touch, wear-resistant, but less durable at high temperatures.
Wash articles made of viscose can be at a temperature not above 30 ° C, preferably by hand or in the washing machine in a gentle cycle.
Treatment of crushed wood-derived acetic acid to get acetate fibers. They are much more elastic viscose, and because products of acetate fabrics crease less, but when washed in hot water they form intractable creases. In addition, acetate fabric staticky.
What is synthetic silk
Synthetic silk thread is obtained by processing high-molecular compounds, which are based on coal, oil, natural gas. Thus obtained polyester and polyamide. Using special technology, it is possible to obtain a particularly durable materials, water and grease repellent fabric. Of course, they are not too similar to natural silk.
Products made of natural silk can't be cheap. If you burn natural silk thread, it will emit a smell of burning hair. Remaining after combustion of coal is easily pounded into dust. Thread artificial silk when burning emits a smell of paper, synthetic, burnt plastic. In addition, the edge of the fabric made of synthetic silk under the influence of fire melted.
Silk less wrinkled than artificial. It is possible to crease the fabric for a while, then inspect it, if the product is genuine, folds almost does not remain.
Advice 5: Fabric kulirka: what it is, why it is needed
Beautiful fabric kulirnaya surface, is made based on cotton, is the most common in everyday life natural material. From it are made many baby items (caps, sliders, undershirts, etc.), women's clothing, shirts and pajamas. In itself it is the owner of unique properties. Has a second name – kulirka.
Fabric kulirka – what is it?
If you give a short description of the fabric is a special kind of knitted fabrics, the basic structure element of which is a loop made of connective stringing and frame.
If to speak about more, then this is a unique fabric which does not lose its shape, retains its length and stretch in width. It is executed from either 100% cotton or cotton with a small amount of lycra, which gives the fiber greater durability, elasticity and dimensional stability.
Also kulirka can be made of cotton material with added elastane. In this case, is made of her clothing is stretched faster, stronger, wrinkled, prone to slight shrinkage after washing.
The types culliney fabric and its advantages
In appearance the fabric kulirnaya surface is divided into melange, dyed and printed. The first – made of colored thread matching tone. The second can be a variety of colors. The third is drawing. Any of them fit well all types of application including screen printing and turbomachine. Each has excellent air permeability, absorbs moisture well, does not require special care. After washing kulirnaya fabric does not shrink.
That is made from Smoking?
From kulinai fabric sew clothes for adults and kids.
Kulirka - the universal and very thin fabric, and therefore made of her clothes is a light, convenient, suitable for the warm season. T-shirts, shorts, skirts and robes, chemises and sleepwear, dresses and tunics, men's shirts, made from it, practical and very comfortable. Underwear – nice close to the body, tightens and allows the skin to breathe. Assortment for kids of this knitted fabric is huge. It's undershirts and Romper, shorts, dresses and t-shirts, skirts, and more.Dr. All things for children are very soft, absorbent, soft to the touch. They do not shed and do not sit down after washing, can keep its color.
Where can you buy colornow fabric?
Today kulirka knitted fabric is sold in almost every specialty fabric store, both conventional and virtual. When choosing, pay attention to cotton material. If you find one that is made up of pure cotton feel free to purchase it kulirka. Sew it different beautiful things for yourself and your family. Be sure that she won't let you down.