Advice 1: How to determine the gender of a noun in Russian language

Kind of noun refers to its lexical and grammatical categories. Morphological feature of the genus is manifested in the ability of this part of the question combined with dependent words. Nouns belonging to different genera differ from each other case endings in the inflection, word-formation structure and some lexical features. In the Russian language there are three forms of the genus is masculine, feminine and neuter.
How to determine the gender of a noun in Russian language
You will need
  • - analyzed word;
  • linguistic dictionary or textbook.
Instruction
1
In determining feminine nouns inanimate are aware that they have endings in the nominative singular -a, -I (wall, vent) and zero if the noun ends in a soft sign (rye). For animate nouns the defining characteristic is their belonging to the female creatures (girl, cat). Not to be confused at the end of nouns, feminine and masculine, the substitute to check the pronouns "she's mine". For example, the song (she's mine).
2
Identify masculine nouns after the initial form: zero words ending in a consonant (house, table), -a, -I – animate nouns naming male beings (uncle Serge). Not to confuse the gender of a noun ending in a soft sign also the substitute for check the pronouns "he, my" (stump, day).
3
Neuter noun endings determine the initial shape -Oh, and with the substitution of the pronouns "my" (field window). Please note that the group razrastaniami nouns ending in the combination -mn also refers to the average genus (tribe, seed, etc.). Among neuter nouns, there is almost no animate, their number is very small (child, creature, animal).
4
Among nouns there are several special groups, the definition of the kind of which hampered. These include common gender nouns, and indeclinable words slozhnosmeshannye.
Correlate values of common nouns kind with their belonging to animate objects, female or male. For example, the girl-slut (female gender), boy-squirt (masculine). To nouns common kind include those which represent qualities of people (eater, ignorant, crybaby) or the designation of persons in the profession, job, occupation (architect Ivanov – architect Ivanov).
5
Keep in mind that the gender of undeclined nouns linked to animacy / naturalenergy, specific / generic term. From animate indeclinable nouns define the genus as belonging to the floor (sir, miss). Nouns that give the names of animals, birds, are masculine (ponies, kangaroos, cockatoos). Inanimate usually belong to the middle rod (coat, scarf). Exceptions are words, a genus which is defined by Association with generic names: kohlrabi – cabbage (female), Hindi – language (masculine), etc.
6
To determine the kind of indeclinable proper names of nouns denoting geographical names, pick the generic term (lake, city, river, desert, etc.). For example, the city of Rio de Janeiro (masculine), Gobi desert (feminine).
7
Rod slozhnosochinennyh words (acronyms) define the nature of lead, the words "deciphered" combinations: UN – United Nations, leading the word "organization" (feminine).
Note
Some nouns have variant forms of the genus. Some of them are equal (the aviary – the aviary, the banknotes – the banknote), and the rest are stylistic labels: living – room (old form), giraffe – giraffe (obsolete form).
Useful advice
Nouns that are used only in the plural, the category of gender is not determined (white, vise, weekdays).

Advice 2: How to determine the gender of a noun from

To determine the gender of a nouns, you must first define the word that answers the question who, what. It is a noun. In Russian language it can be masculine, feminine, and neuter.
How to determine the gender of a noun from
Instruction
1
Determine the noun gender by the ending or final consonant. Masculine words are in consonant and –y. For example, a house, a loaf. Feminine are nouns in –a, -I, -ia. For example, my cousin, my family. To the average family are nouns in –o, -e, -ie. For example, a window dress.
2
Let's see whether this noun is an exception. These include nouns ending in –s. Such nouns can be both feminine and masculine. So, the word dictionary refers to the masculine, and the word notebook to female.
3
Pay attention to the kind of animate nouns. It is nouns that denote living beings. Such words are either feminine or masculine. Exception – a child, an animal, which belong to the middle family. Have animate nouns identify the genus or natural gender of a human or animal, or the end of the noun. Elephant – noun masculine, APE – noun feminine.
4
Correctly identify the race of nouns denoting profession. They are male and female. The majority of nouns denoting profession, refers to the masculine: a doctor, an engineer, a teacher.
5
Pay special attention to the kind of the borrowed nouns. Nouns of foreign origin often have atypical for the Russian language the endings-and, -u, -Yu. Such nouns do not change neither the numbers, nor cases. To the masculine gender include masculine names and names of cities and Islands. Feminine refers to female names, names of rivers and names of Newspapers. To the average rod will take the names of inanimate objects.
Note
Nouns that end in a consonant and –y are always of the masculine gender.

Most feminine nouns of foreign origin end in –ia.
Nouns ending in affects –onok, -enok is always masculine.
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