Advice 1: How to master the technique of pyrography on wood

Burning wood can be done using hot plates, acid, lathe machine, over an open fire. These methods require professional assistance and extreme caution when working. More accessible for beginners equipment will be the pyrography painting on wood with a tool resembling a normal pen.
How to master the technique of pyrography on wood
Instruction
1
Select a plate that will burn. The wood surface should be flat, smooth and of uniform color. If you are just beginning your acquaintance with this decorative technique, try your hand on the plywood – it is cheaper, but quality is good for training.
2
Prepare the Foundation. If possible, Atzilut wood. You clean it with fine sandpaper and coat with varnish for wood.
3
Draw a sketch of the pattern or story that will burn out on paper. It needs to be simple enough, no small parts. Despite the fact that the finished boards sometimes additional paint colors, the meaning of the picture must be guessed and the contour of which will be scorched. Finished drawings can be found in sets for burning, training manuals and websites dedicated to this technique.
4
With the help of carbon paper put the silhouette on a plate. Heat elektrovyzhigatel so that its pin was Burgundy. Take a pen tool like a pencil. Apply pattern starting from the outer contours. Straight lines need a quick light strokes without pressure. To increase the thickness of the stroke, reduce the speed of movement of the tool. When you need to put dots or curved lines, hold the burner perpendicular to the surface of the Board.
5
Don't spend several lines nearby. The tree is very hot, and the intervals between strokes can be burned. After completing one element of the picture, engaged in a distant part of the Board that this managed to cool down.
6
The color of the lines on the pattern can be changed. It will get darker as the heat of the burner. The shape of the strokes change, experimenting with the tilt knob and push on it. You can also purchase a burner with a removable curly feathers.
7
Finished picture again treated with fine emery paper. Then it can be painted or to cover a glossy or matte lacquer.
Note
To prevent overheating of the burner, turn it off every 3-5 minutes.

During operation, make sure that your hair or clothing is caught under the pin of the tool.

Advice 2: Turning tools for wood

Mainly for turning wood used cutters of various shapes, or gouges. The tool has a handle, if intended for use in the hand, and the cutters for the lathe are missing.
Cutters
Instruction
1
Tools for boring wood are divided into three main groups - roughing, finishing and special. Roughing cutter is called Reier. It is used for rough turning of wood and represents a chisel with a semicircular shape. The blade grooved shape, whereby a layer of the wood, the tool removes sufficient. Reyer, sharpened on the convex side of the semi-circle at an angle of 25-30 degrees. After the workpiece is processed by Reier, its surface is rough. In addition to the use for roughing, Reier also used for sampling of internal cavities and turning concave shapes.
2
The Meisel is sharpened on both sides of the knife-chisel, sharpen it at an angle and is used for fine turning wood. They eliminate the roughness on the product and level the surface. The chisel is a knife-jamb, which is confined from two sides under an angle of 20-25 degrees. The cut angle of its blades is 70-75 degrees, and the width of the tool ranges from 5 to 50 mm. the Blade is sharpened to an angle that allows you to work the middle in cases where convex or straight surface are turning. With a sharp angle Meisel profile treated surface completely, they trimmed the ends and cut the product. Obtuse angles are used for turning workpieces with curves.
3
A chisel with a single bevel and a straight blade is called the cutter-scraper. With it, grind out the notch with right angles, it is used in a head-turning, as well as in the formation of round tenons, and the alignment of cylindrical surfaces. To carve recesses and the inner cavity, use the cutter hook. All kinds of shaped cutters, rings and hooks are used for hollow parts and grinding their interior surfaces. They are also used for the outer sections, which need to give a certain profile. In turning woodwork not do without measuring and marking tool. Used calipers, calipers, surface gauge, dividers, tsentroiskatel, templates, t-squares, rulers with support.
4
Various devices exist for fixing the workpiece on the machine, to allow it to rotate. Different methods allow to fix the workpiece over the hole in the center, behind the outer surface. For fixing the center uses a cartridge-Trident center when mounted must coincide with the axis of rotation. For cantilever fastening of the used cartridge is the sleeve, a tubular Chuck, jaw Chuck, faceplate. This type of fastening is necessary to secure the end of the workpiece. Used for grinding of hollow parts, chess pieces, dolls or decorative dishes.

Advice 3: How to master the course knitting

Manually linked things have a special warmth. They are beautiful, practical and never out of fashion. At all times the art of knitting was passed down from generation to generation. But if the technique of creating woolen things failed to master at a young age, it is never too late to catch up.
How to master the course knitting
You will need
  • - thread crochet;
  • - needles or hook;
  • - a book on knitting;
  • - knitting magazines;
  • - video course on knitting.
Instruction
1
To master a course of knitting on the needles ask a seamstress friend, grandma or mom to show you the basics of this technique. Start with a set of hinges. Then learn front and back loops.
2
A simple product, such as scarf, practice principal-knit: garter, front and back surface. Do not hesitate to ask experienced quilters tips, ask questions.
3
If none of your friends do not know the art of knitting with needles, or you don't want to bother the man, master course of knitting by the book or through specialized journal issues for the needle. Carefully follow the guidelines in the publications descriptions, repeat the movements shown on the drawings.
4
Having mastered basic loops, learn to read simple circuit patterns. Start with relief patterns, based on the alternating front and back loops. Gradually master the technique of openwork patterns.
5
Log on knitting a simple model of clothing and following the detailed instructions tying her up. Pay special attention to vyvazhivanii armholes and necks. To do this, learn to add and subtract loop.
6
Buy video tutorials on knitting or view videos on the Internet. Clear instructions with detailed explanation will help you to deal with the complex types of loops or patterns.
7
Special exercises will help you master the course knitting for beginners in a short time. Sign up for lessons, together with other knitters to learn the technique of knitting not just knitting, but also crochet. In the team it will be easier to overcome obstacles and find answers to questions you could not solve on their own.
8
On courseOh master knitting techniques vyvazhivanija fabric and Assembly of products. Learn to knit simple items: hats, socks, mittens. By the end of training you will be able to link pullover, cardigan or skirt.
9
Despite the fact that the courseyou knitting are not cheap, do not spare money and time. Subsequently, knowing the basics techniques of knitting, you will be able to improve their skills in the classroom a higher level. But in order to master the full course of knitting, you will need to develop all life, because technology, as well as knitted fashion, is not standing still and there are always new types of loops and intricate patterns.
Is the advice useful?
Search