Advice 1: How to make specifications. To create THAT in accordance with GOST 2.114-95

The cost of development is varies from 10 000 to 50 000 rubles - the amount is actually just great! What prevents you to develop yourself, especially that there is a GOST in which all the thoroughly painted (rules of construction, presentation, design, coordination and approval of technical specifications)? We divide the whole work into parts and analyze in detail each stage.
How to make specifications. To create THAT in accordance with GOST 2.114-95
You will need
  • 1. Technical description of the products, which will be written in technical terms.
  • 2. OKPO organization that develops specifications.
  • 3. OKP products.
  • 4. Technical characteristics of the product.
  • 5. The General arrangement drawing.
  • 6. Passport and instruction Manual (if available, these documents will greatly simplify your work).
  • 7. Normative documentation for the products - if you know what should match your products, you need to find the necessary legal documentation.
  • 8. For writing Technical environment you will also need the following normative documents: GOST 2.114-95 and GOST 2.102-68, GOST 2.104-2006, GOST 2.105-95, GOST 2.201-80, GOST 2.301-68, GOST 2.501-88, GOST 2.503-90, GOST 15.001-88.
Assigning designations for THAT. Designation of Technical conditions in Russia has the following form: TU 1234-567-890АБВГД-2013, where "1234" is the first 4 numbers in the national classification of products (OKP); "567" is a sequence number THAT; "890АБВГД" code of the developer THAT according to the national classifier of enterprises and organizations (OKPO).
Title page. Is issued on a separate A4 sheet, showing:
1. Full and short names of organizations that develop these TU
2. Name of the person THAT approved the data indicating the position (often the Director or chief engineer). The date of approval.
3. OKP products
4. The name of the product indicating the model and modifications
5. The words "Technical terms"
6. The designation TU
7. A list of organizations that have agreed on a document showing the names and job titles of specific employees and date of approval
8. The place of development
9. Year of development
Introduction. Contains: a detailed description of the product, indicating a reduced (conventional) names, adopted for use in this document; the intended use of the product; scope in cases where scope should be limited; conditions. If you develop the technical conditions for certification (which is the certification body requires THAT), be sure to write in this section "the Data THAT can be used for certification purposes".
At the end of the chapeau should indicate an example entry of products when ordering.
Technical requirements. In General section should contain information about the quality of the product and its consumer properties. However, it is often divided into several subsections:
1. Main parameters and characteristics - basic information about the product (usually contained in the passport and operation manual; if not, it is that information which placed in the proposal).
2. Requirements for raw materials, materials, purchase products. How the input controls in your organization? Answering this question, you have a list of requirements for this section.
3. Completeness. Your products are delivered to the consumer one or includes several elements. Describe in detail all components which are supplied separately. List all the elements of a set of Spare parts, tools and accessories. Specify all documents that go to the product: passport, user manual, product data, Assembly instructions, packing list, etc.
4. Marking.
5. Packing.
Safety requirements. Describes the technical requirements that take into account all the possible hazards identified in earlier phases of product development. These requirements must ensure product safety throughout the lifetime of the product. Requirements should include:fire safety requirements; requirements for protective means and measures to ensure safety; electrical safety requirements; requirements of explosion safety; radiation safety requirements; security requirements from exposure to chemicals and contaminants; safety requirements for maintenance of machinery and equipment.
The requirements of environmental protection. Specify in this section: requirements of different kind of influences (chemical, mechanical, radiation, electromagnetic, thermal and biological); requirements for resistance of polluting, toxic substances in the environment; requirements for disposal and to the disposal of hazardous products and wastes.
Rules of acceptance. Describe the procedure for monitoring products in the stages of internal control, or show a product to the customer. Bring all the existing test program: receiving the acceptance, standard, periodic, on reliability. Describe what should be done with products that are not tested. Set the frequency of different kinds of tests.
Methods of control. Describes the methods of testing specified in the rules of acceptance. In General, each method consists of a number posledovatelna operations: sampling, equipment, space, testing, preparing for testing, conducting tests, processing of results.
Transporting and storage. Contains requirements to ensure product integrity during transportation. Lists the possible ways of transportation: air, road, river, sea or rail. Limited to range, speed, mechanical influences and loads, storage conditions (storage location, storage conditions, storage conditions, special conditions and storage period).
The instructions manual. If your products have any special instructions for installation, assembling and use, describe the data requirements in this section. It is also important to provide information about recycling.
The manufacturer's warranty. Describes the rights and obligations of the manufacturer in respect of warranty obligations to the consumer of the products.
The list of documents;
- List of equipment, description and characteristics;
- Any other information in a separate Appendix (if necessary).
After writing Technical conditions and using the name TU in the product, legally you are required to produce products in accordance with the requirements and characteristics that you have specified in the technical specifications, as well as carry all of the specified warranty.
Useful advice
1. Look for ready-made the Internet possible, people already prepared for its products such documentation and placed it online for viewing. In this case, it is easiest to take their Technical conditions and on the basis of the experience to modify it to fit your requirements.
2. It is not necessary to order development of the organizations involved in the certification, where the creation of technical conditions is just making money. For significantly more you will receive a template document, 15-20 pages.
3. Specifications for food, cosmetics will have to register at the regional centre of normative-technical documentation.

Advice 2 : How to obtain specifications

Technical conditions – the standard, which is developed on any one specific product, material, substance or a group of them in the absence of other approved standards. To issue technical conditions, in order to later register them as an official document, you should comply with GOST 2.114-95 "Technical conditions. Rules of construction, presentation and appearance".
How to obtain specifications
Technical terms relate to design and technological documentation, so their design and content are pretty strict requirements. Regardless of which product or material you are developing the document, its structure will always be the same. In addition to the introductory part of the General provisions establishing the subject of standardisation with a list of used terms and definitions, technical terms should contain some mandatory sections.
The specification sections shall be presented in a specific order: technical requirements, safety requirements, requirements for environmental protection, the rules of acceptance of the product, methods of monitoring its performance or characteristic parameters, conditions of transportation and storage, operation instructions and manufacturer's warranty.
The contents of the proposed technical conditions must comply with the mandatory requirements of state, national and industry standards that apply to this type of products, materials or substances. They must be set out the requirements and Standards applicable to the products.
In that case, if products require a certificate of fire safety or explosion-proof electrical equipment, in technical terms , be sure to include fire safety requirements or characteristics of the explosion.
The appearance of technical conditions must comply with the GOST R 6.30-2003 "Processing technical documentation". Developed technical conditions must be registered in territorial body of standardization.
The technical specification is an important document that serves as proof of the integrity of the manufacturer. They are necessary because certification of new types of products are made as verification of compliance to this document.
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