Vaccination is the introduction into the organism of a substance that produces immunity to a specific disease. Usually antigenic preparations made from the disease itself, but composed of weakened or dead pathogens. The correct use of drugs helps to form a protection for the baby just needed. It allows you not to get a particular child and to avoid an epidemic in society.
In the past of mankind there have been many diseases that have led to the death of entire peoples. Usually this infection which is spread by airborne droplets. Whooping cough, diphtheria, tetanus, tuberculosis, hepatitis b is a serious disease with severe complications. The vaccine does not always completely prevent infection, but helps to avoid severe illness and transmitting it to other people.
Immunization schedule for children up to 1 year
The first shot doing the birthday. Within 12 hours after birth all babies vaccinated against hepatitis B. This vaccine do 2 or 3 times. The second is carried out in 1 month. Only a comprehensive approach helps to prevent infection. This vaccination cannot cause disease, all vaccines used in Russia, bred in laboratories artificially. Their composition safe.
The second vaccination is carried out in the first week of life is the prevention of tuberculosis. Immunity to this disease is important to establish at an early age, because kids are very vulnerable. It is transmitted by droplet infection and affects the lungs, bones and nervous system.
In 3 months there is a vaccination against tetanus, diphtheria, polio. There are several medications to be administered, they are interchangeable. Do vaccinated 3 times. A repeat visit at 4.5 months and 6 months. Only a comprehensive approach allows to obtain a stable result.
And 12 months it is necessary to make vaccination against measles and rubella. This is a "live" vaccine, which causes a mild form of the disease. Measles is mild, but this time the child is restless. A more soft method not yet invented.
Parents can decide up to a year to do additional vaccinations. This is a voluntary opportunity which helps to protect your child from infections that occur on the territory of Russia not often. They are required for long-distance travel or seasonal flare-UPS in the region.
Yellow fever vaccination is done when traveling in Latin America, in Africa or in India. During such travel it is recommended that the vaccine against tick-borne encephalitis. The latest vaccine is sometimes carried out and outbreaks of the disease in the place of residence.
Vaccination against varicella is mandatory to not be true, but doctors advise to apply it, if in the vicinity of the event of infection among children and adults.
The flu shot helps better withstand the disease. It is often propose to do in the autumn period, when epidemics are likely. There are dozens of vaccines, you can choose any.
Vaccination is child protection, from which it is impossible to refuse. Timely vaccination significantly reduces the possibility of infection or making the course of the disease easy.