If you have decided to start vaccination, it is necessary to observe elementary rules that will help to prepare a child for vaccination DTP.Before vaccination, be sure to leave clinical blood and urine of the child, even if in the last month, he was not sick. Pay special attention to the level of hemoglobin in the blood of the child: if the figure is below 80 units, from vaccination should be temporarily abstain until haemoglobin returns to normal. Just make sure that the level of leukocytes in the blood of the child corresponds to the normal indicator.
Prior to vaccination do not enter into the diet baby new foods: they can cause an allergic reaction.
If your child is prone to allergies, then a week before the proposed vaccination give him antihistamines. If the child does not suffer from allergic rashes, reduce this period to 3 days. Also give your child drugs to maintain bowel function.
On the day of vaccination prior to vaccination, give the child fever medicines in the dosage according to his age and body weight. These include preparations in syrup Panadol, Nurofen, as well as formulations based on paracetamol in the form of rectal suppositories.
If after vaccination late in the day, the child's body temperature rises, give another dose of motrin drug.
Within two to three days continue to give the child antihistamines to prevent development of allergic manifestations and edema.
If the child prior to vaccination, suffered an infectious disease, has suffered allergic reactions or has during this period increased body temperature, and also if he's teething, refuse routine vaccination for a month. To refuse vaccinations should, if the history of the child there are medical contraindications to vaccination.
Advice 2 : How to prepare your child for vaccination
Vaccination is the most effective method of protection from infectious diseases. Parents need to know the schedule of vaccination, contraindications to them, possible side effects.
The vaccine is a killed or weakened disease-causing agent or its artificial substitute. The vaccine causes the natural production of antibodies, creating a smaller copy of the disease.
The first vaccination the child is doing still in the hospital in the first day - a vaccine against hepatitis B. Vpisyvayas from the hospital, the child should be vaccinated against tuberculosis.
Following inoculation, the child will be doing at the age of 1 months - second vaccination against hepatitis B. All vaccinations shall be made only at the conclusion of the pediatrician and your written permission. Before each vaccination the doctor examines the child and makes a decision about his health. You have the right to ask the doctor about the consequences of each vaccine, its composition and manufacturer. Based on the information you have the right to refuse to vaccinate the child. In this case, the doctor must warn you about the possible consequences of such a step.
Any vaccination can cause side effects. The first few days after vaccination the baby can be more whiny, possibly fever. In complex cases, there may be fever, rash. In the latter case, the child need to see a doctor. To accurately determine that it is a reaction to the vaccination and subsequent revaccination to take this into account.
For vaccination there are contraindications. Vaccination against hepatitis b should not be done in the presence of Allergy to Baker's yeast. All live vaccines are not done for malignant tumors, reduced immunity. If the child weighs less than 2 kg, it does not make BCG vaccination against tuberculosis. DPT vaccine does not make for diseases of the nervous system.
To delay vaccination of a child is necessary when a newly infectious disease.
Advice 3 : What tests to pass before vaccinations
To protect the person from threat to life and health infectious diseases help vaccinated in a timely manner. To reduce the risk of occurrence of side effects after vaccination have to be properly prepare for this procedure.
Vaccination is carried out according to the established schedule and register in individual vaccination certificate. Before vaccination, you should consult a doctor for determining health status by collecting medical history and purpose of laboratory tests. General clinical analysis of blood (UAC) and the General clinical analysis of urine (OAM) are the basic tests that must pass before inoculation.
The results of the General analysis of blood can reveal the presence of hidden inflammation in the body, allergic reactions. The doctor evaluates the number of white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), percentage of neutrophils, eosinophils. The blood General clinical analysis of rent from the finger in the morning on an empty stomach in the clinical diagnostic laboratory at the medical facility. The day before the blood investigation is recommended to refrain from eating fatty and fried foods, to eliminate from the diet alcoholic beverages. Before analysis, you should avoid physical exertion and emotional excitement to obtain reliable results. Immediately before donation of blood for clinical analysis is necessary to sit, calm down within 10-15 minutes.
General clinical analysis of urine are done to detect possible abnormalities of the kidneys, occurring without clinical manifestations. In the morning after the hygiene of the genital area using soap or intimate gel, you should gather the middle portion of urine in a sterile container for biological material. Proporciona capacity, indicating the surname, name, patronymic and date of collection, the urine should be delivered to conduct the study in the laboratory within 1 hour. The day before delivery of the analysis it is necessary to refrain from excessive fluid intake.
To obtain reliable results it is necessary to observe the rules of preparation for the tests and rules for collection of biological material. After reviewing the results of these tests, your doctor may prescribe directions for further surveys and laboratory studies to find drugs to correct the condition of the body or to give you a vaccination. In the presence of severe allergies, vaccination should be delayed until the period of its remission. This will avoid complications after vaccination related to the possible development of allergic reactions to the injected drug.