Conditions for growing cucumbers on the windowsill
Can I grow cucumbers on the windowsill all year round? Alas, the break will have to do, but just in case, if you do not want to bother with helium or fluorescent lighting. The last days of February, when daylight gradually begins to increase is the time for planting cucumbers.
Cucumber is quite shade tolerant plant, but on the window sill all the world for him is not enough, especially in spring and autumn. And because cucumbers grow only on the southern or South-Eastern Windows. The plant does not like drafts, make sure that in window frames without gaps.
It makes sense to grow cucumbers on the windowsill just in case, if the temperature in the apartment never drops below 20 degrees. This heat-loving plant ceases growth at temperatures below 16 degrees.
Cucumber likes high humidity, in winter, to provide him with such conditions will not be easy, will have to cover battery home heating wet towels. Just spraying the leaves in this case will not help.
If you can arrange for plants suitable conditions, you can grow cucumbers at home on the windowsill. One plant on average will collect from 10 to 15 good medium size cucumbers.
Varieties and preparation of seed
In order to grow cucumbers on the windowsill, need a parthenocarpic hybrid or self-pollinated varieties. Of course, if you do not want to pollinate them yourself. Inappropriate choice of varieties neopytnye ovaries cucumbers turn yellow and fall off. Recommended varieties: the F1 Window and balcony F1 Gift of the East F1 Catherine, F1 Marathon F1 Faust and many others.
If you are going to grow cucumbers for the first time, it is best to purchase seeds of shade-tolerant and not afraid of changes in temperature varieties.
For germination the seeds need a cotton cloth or cotton pads. Moisturize them and put on a saucer, on top lay the seeds of cucumbers. Avoid drying of the tissue. After just a couple of days the seeds will hatch. All, they can be planted in previously prepared soil about an inch deep.
What is better to grow cucumbers on the windowsill
Pickles some free, so the pot for their cultivation needs to be large enough. One plant will need a five-liter vessel. This can be a simple flower pot, even better – a home-made box, which perfectly fits several of the bushes. The most economical way is to take a five-liter water bottle and cut them the upper part together with the neck. As an option – double plastic bags. Just do not forget that whatever containers you choose, be sure in the bottom you need to make holes to drain excess water.
What soil you need to grow cucumbers on the windowsill
Novice gardeners will be easier to buy a ready ground in the store. Those who have the desire to cook, you can offer several options:
- Mix 4 parts garden soil, 1 part humus and 1 part peat. 5 liters of the mixture add 100 grams of ash, a teaspoon of magnesium sulfate and a tablespoon of fertilizer "full".
- Mix 2 parts of garden soil, humus, peat and one part sawdust. 5 litres of soil add 100 grams of ash, a teaspoon of magnesium sulfate and a tablespoon of fertilizer "full".
- In equal proportions mix the vermicompost and horticultural land, add 5 tablespoons of wood ash for every 5 liters of soil.
In principle, to grow cucumbers on the windowsill in any soil without a crop there will be no, just in the proper land yield, quite naturally, will be much higher. Well, to fertilize unprepared soil will still have.
How to plant cucumbers on the windowsill
In addition to soil and containers for planting, you will need twine for future reliance cucumbers and glass or plastic covers to shelter seedlings.
- A pot filled with soil below the edges of 3-4 cm Spread sprouted (if not – then dry or soaked) seeds in the amount of 3 pieces at a distance of approximately two cm apart. Sprinkle them with earth.
- Sprinkle the seedlings, let the water soak in.
- To create a greenhouse effect cover seedlings with a plastic or glass container. Remove the pots in the warmest place in the apartment. Most often it is the top of the cabinets in the kitchen. When you see the sprouts "greenhouse" removed, and the pots are on permanent stay in the South or Southeast window sills.
- When formed true leaves, select the most powerful and beautiful plant, remove the rest.
How to grow cucumbers on the windowsill
Prepare in advance a support for the cucumbers. It can be a twine or thick nylon thread and a long peg, to which cucumber whip will need to be tied up. In the case of peg all of which appeared on the cucumber mustache need to remove.
After the appearance of 5-6 internodes cucumber it is necessary to pinch back. Also the pinch lateral shoots above the second leaf.
To grow cucumbers on the windowsill without feeding – waste of time. Every two weeks, and with the appearance of pickles and every 10 days should be feeding. In the top layer of soil can make 1 tsp of Agroliga" or water diluted in two liters of water cap "Growth". You can just once a month to pour fresh vermicompost.
Advice 2 : How to grow tomatoes on the windowsill
Advice 3 : How to grow cucumber on the windowsill
- - seeds of cucumbers;
- - capacity for planting;
- - drainage;
- - grunt.
For growing cucumbers on windowsills use the wide and long containers or pots with 5 l per plant. Make your choice of container, pour in a bit of drainage (pebbles, expanded clay or broken bricks), and then the ground. As the soil is better to use commercially available nutrient solution. Now for the seeds, which before planting you need to germinate. To do this, wrap them in a damp cloth and place it in a bowl. Periodically add in a saucer of water, as the fabric dries up very quickly. As soon as I hatch the first sprouts, transplant them into the prepared pots with soil to a depth of 1-2 cm and pour.
Install the pots with the planted sprouts on the South or Southeast window. On the window sill should be no draft, so close the window and seal existing cracks. While cucumbers do not have a strong root system, plug in the pot support peg further garter plants. After 5-6 leaf, stem tied to the stake. Allow the main stalk to reach the top of the window, along the way, you'll harvest young cucumbers. Then priderite the top, it will give the side shoots of the second order. Thus, you can adjust branching plants and more.
Pay attention to the soil in the pots was constantly moist. For this water the cucumbers 1-2 times a day in small doses. The water temperature should be 28-29 degrees. After watering, do not forget to put the earth under bare roots.
Without feeding expect good growth and fruiting of cucumber makes no sense. So start to feed the plant immediately after planting, every 7-8 days. Use complex mineral fertilizers low concentration. During heavy fruiting dose of fertilizer increase. Another point of reference, when the rate of fertilizer needed to increase, it is the yellowing leaves of the plant.
Advice 4 : How to grow tomatoes at home
- - plastic cups; - soil; seeds - dwarf or dwarf varieties of tomatoes; - polyethylene; - additional lighting (agro lamp, fluorescent lamp); - pear for soil moisture; - pots with a volume of 3-5L; mineral or organic fertilizers; - clay; - sand; - peat; - wooden pegs
Advice 5 : How to grow windowsill tomatoes and cucumbers
Features of growing cucumbers on the windowsill
The very first step on the way to getting its features homemade products will be the right selection of seeds. Not all varieties are suitable for cultivation in such difficult conditions. Choose from parthenocarpic, they do not require pollination. Well established hybrids such as "April", "Masha", "Tot", "Stella", "Ant", etc. Preferably on the window sill and balcony to grow hybrids. This "Hummingbird", "swallowtail", "City fiddle", "Balcony", "shed", etc.
If you want to plant pollinated by bees good grade to have carried out the pollination manually. To do this, tear off a male flower and gently touch it to the pistil stamens of the female flowers.
You also need to stock up on good fertile soil. For this autumn, dig garden soil, sand and humus. Substrate for prepare cucumbers in the same proportion – 80% garden soil, take 10% sand and humus. Mix well and be sure to steam by putting a container of soil over the pot of boiling water.
If you do not want to mess with the preparation of fertile soils and buy ready ground in the store.
Before planting the seeds be sure to soak them by putting in a damp cloth. Plant cucumbers to grow on the windowsill first, better in small plastic cups. And when the seedlings will release the cotyledon leaves, transplant one plant in large pots.
Grow cucumbers on the South window, and when you see mustache, you need to stick a stake and tie the stalk. Remove all side shoots, they will only weaken the plant. And when the stem is at least 12 leaves, presidnete the tip. This will contribute to the rapid maturation of the fruit already started.
If there is not enough lighting, dosvechivat fluorescent lamps.
Peculiarities of cultivation of tomatoes on the windowsill
Not all the tomatoes will bear fruit abundantly at home, it is better to choose low-growing early varieties, for example, the "Japanese room", "oak", "Moskvich", "Bonsai", "ladybug", etc. Before sowing seeds need to be treated with saturated solution of potassium permanganate for 1-2 minutes. This will allow you to destroy the pathogens Phytophthora and other diseases. Then the seeds are dried, sown in seedling boxes, which put in a warm place, covered with glass. After germination, the boxes are transferred into the lighted area and remove the glass. Tomatoes grow fast, and within 5-7 days you need to hold the dive. At this point the seedlings will be a real leaf. During the pick, carefully remove one plant from the soil, cut the tip of the root and transplanted seedlings in one instance in a spacious pot. For soil you can use a mixture of compost, loam, and sand, taken in equal parts.
In good light and a temperature of at least 20oC seedlings growing fast, it is only necessary to remove stepchildren and time to irrigate, but avoid waterlogging. Water for irrigation to pre-defend. To prevent fungal diseases spend spraying a solution of Bordeaux mixture. To do this, dissolve 10 g copper sulfate in 1 liter of water. Then 20 g of slaked lime dissolve in 100 g of water. Mix liquids and handle seedlings.
Pollination of tomatoes 2-3 times a week postukivanie in palms with flowers. And when the main part of the fruit itself, remove the tops from each plant and remove all new flower brush. This will contribute to the maturation.
Advice 6 : Early varieties of tomatoes for balconies and home gardens
This ultra early variety of tomato for compacted landings. Great for growing in container culture in the loggias, the balconies, in the home. The plant is neat, compact, up to half a meter, does not require the formation and pinching. Fruiting friendly, comes after 80-90 days after germination. Fruit medium-sized, plum, weighing about 60 g. Fruiting occurs together, the harvest is plentiful. The purpose of the class — universal.
This ripening varieties can be grown as a container on balconies, loggias, terraces, as well as be used outdoors in tight crop of vegetable and flower crops (in the borders). The plant is a dwarf, ornamental in appearance, 25-30 cm tall. Tomatoes can be grown nonseedlings way. Fruiting bushes are plentiful. The fruits are small, weighing about 25 g, red, very sweet. The purpose of the class — universal.
This early maturing variety for cultivation anywhere, and under the film shelters and outdoors, at home, and on loggias and balconies. Plant height of 30-40 cm, does not require the formation and pinching. The variety is characterized by abundant fructification; tomatoes ripen red, small (15-25 g), pleasant sweet taste with the sourness. The grade features high decorative, easy environment, good ability to bear fruit even with a lack of light.