The difficulties of diagnosis
Schizophrenia – a mental disease belonging to the group of psychoses. For psychosis characterized by gross violation of reality, inappropriate behavior, manifestations of delusions and hallucinations. The diseases still rank as paranoia, epileptic psychosis, schizoaffective psychosis. Schizophrenia is the same in all times attracted the attention of scientists and the public, being the most striking manifestation of madness.
Despite renewed interest and many studies, the causes are still not established. Also raises issues when listing the main and additional symptoms, prediction of stroke disease. So many variations of the disease in each individual case. Accepted that schizophrenia is a disease of the civilized world. Schizophrenia occurs at the age of 18-35 years.
To put the diagnosis "schizophrenia" should appear steadily at least one of the following symptoms: sensation of inserting or taking thoughts out of my head, delusions of anything on the body or thoughts, hallucinatory voices, persistent delusions of other kinds. The last criterion implies that these ideas are inadequate and impossible content. Thus, schizophrenia involves disturbances of behavior, thinking, perception. And all this – without direct physical damage.
Distinguish a huge set of various forms of schizophrenia, which greatly complicates accurate diagnosis. The most frequent are disorganized, catatonic, and paranoid. In disorganized schizophrenia in the first place – severe disturbances of behaviour, thinking and emotions. With catatonic – disorders of motility. When paranoid – delusions and hallucinations. Often the combined form that incorporates the various traits. Even during the life of one patient with schizophrenia its types may vary.
Symptoms and treatment
Schizophrenia symptoms are divided into those that were added and those that are lost or distorted. They are called respectively "positive" and "negative". Positive include delusions, hallucinations, inappropriate emotions. To negative – affective flattening, autism, lack of desire to do anything. In relation to patients with a predominance of positive symptoms, the forecasts are more optimistic.
Treatment of schizophrenia is using drugs-neuroleptics and create a therapeutic social environment. The latter is considered to be very effective, especially the patient's return to a loving family. There were cases when in a family environment signs of the disease very striking was smoothed out. Especially important for patients with schizophrenia communication.
Advice 2 : The types of schizophrenia
Types of schizophrenia are actually very a lot of. Not all of them are recognized scientists. Not infrequently fall into this category, virtually all mental disorders and diseases. And yet most mental health professionals have formed five types of schizophrenia, which are both separate form of the disease and at the same time relate to the classification of this disease.
The first type of schizophrenia is latent (covert) schizophrenia. It is impossible to see. She has a chronic and highly suppressed form. At first glance, nothing happens. The patient behaves like a normal person: no rowdy, no noise, does not attract the attention of some unwanted gestures or actions. But if you look closely, you can see the state of excitement, some emotional experiences, and even sociopathic signs that characterize this disease. The initiation also characterizes bipolar disorder when the person's subconscious is beyond reasonable. He thinks he is a great leader, his delusions of grandeur are endless.
Few of the scientists professionals relate to schizophrenia split personality. Most split will belong to another classification of disease. But that's what a mental illness is a consequence of schizophrenia. A split personality can lead to rash and ill-considered before the end of actions, which subsequently affect the unfortunate patient very negatively.
Paranoid schizophrenia tells about the presence of paranoid tendencies of the patient. Excessive selfishness, arrogance, constant feeling of fear for himself, fear that someone would harm such a person. It all looks harmless emotional shock, but it can lead to the accident in the PND when the continuous form with a diagnosis of schizophrenia.
Katolicheskii type of schizophrenia is considered in two forms. In the first case, the patient lies still. He can't move. At all. Even to move the arm and leg problem for him. In the second case, there is excessive activity of the patient when he runs, jumps, walks around the room and could not stop.
These types of schizophrenia, doctors determine the patient. Usually the disease get only those who turned in time to see a doctor. In the case of delayed treatment – serious complications arise and the patient becomes unenviable.