The cultivation of eggplant in the suburban area — not an easy task, because this vegetable crop does not tolerate the lack of sun, lack of moisture and freezing night, which in the middle zone of Russia is possible even in may. To grow better eggplants in the greenhouse, it greatly increases the chances of harvest.

The planting and care of seedlings

If the greenhouse is not heated, then to plant the seedlings better in the beginning of June, and then the plants quickly take root. The landing is available in pre-moistened and fertilized soil. For fertilizers suitable manure or compost. Also in soil you can add a little peat, wood ashes and sawdust.

At the time of landing, the young plants should have five or six leaves. Eggplant — photophilous and heat-loving culture, so a greenhouse or greenhouse for them to equip on the Sunny side of the plot.

Seedlings should be placed at a distance of 40-55 inches from each other. Then one square meter will be five or six bushes. You can arrange them not in rows, but staggered.

After transplanting, the soil should be compacted and watered with a small amount of water at room temperature. In the ground it is advisable to add some peat or compost so the young plants receive sufficient nutrients.

The cultivation of eggplant in the greenhouse

The first ten days the seedlings require daily watering. Then eggplant can be watered once a week. Watering should be moderate, one square meter of soil needs about six liters of water. The excess moisture of the eggplant is as dangerous as its lack. The best time for watering is early morning.

In addition to watering the eggplants require periodic fertilizing and loosening the earth around the bushes. Phosphate and potash fertilizers contribute to the timely fructification of this vegetable culture. Feeding should be at least three times over the summer.

On hot days when the air temperature reaches +30 °C, the greenhouse should be aired. High temperature has a bad effect on the growth of eggplants, from strong overheating of the plants may die. To control the temperature in the greenhouse is recommended to keep a thermometer.

The grown plants are desirable to tie up. In the greenhouse the eggplant bushes usually grow several times higher than outdoors. So the long stems can zalamyvaniya under the weight of ripe fruit. Deformed fruits are recommended to be removed with secateurs. On one Bush, you should leave five or seven fruits. Otherwise, the eggplant will be too small and unripe, which will adversely affect their taste.