Light and moisture
Broccoli is an annual crop. Likes moisture, and light. To heat less demanding, heat above +25°C does not tolerate. It's the most undemanding and the most fruitful culture of all other types of cabbage. It, subject to certain conditions, even can be grown on the windowsill.
It is a culture quite precocious. The first harvest will be ready in 40 days after transplanting. Head broccoli have a nice green color, quite large, about 500 g in weight. Indoors they will grow smaller, not more than 350 g.
A distinctive feature of broccoli is that after removing the Central head from the lateral buds begin to grow newer shoots that give a small weight (150-200 g) heads, which taste qualities are not inferior to large Central heads.
The cultivation of seedlings
For cultivation of broccoli in the home will need to first grow seedlings. Seedlings broccoli seeds are sown in late may, but you can grow a plant in the apartment all year round. Seedlings appear quickly – in five days. But to transplant into large containers the seedlings will be ready only in a month after sowing seeds. Great condition – no artificial supplementary lighting in the autumn and winter any vegetables in the apartment will not grow.
When growing broccoli in the apartment the plant you will need quite a lot of light and moisture. Moreover, the moisture should be not only in the soil but in the air.
You should choose varieties that are loyal to low light, better greenhouse.
Home "garden" with broccoli will be OK on the windowsill, heated loggias and balconies that overlook the South and East sides. For every Bush broccoli will need at least a bucket of soil.
Seedlings of broccoli grown in the fertile soils of loam, humus with addition of wood ash and coarse sand (half-liter jar). Before sowing seeds need to etch, to calibrate, to soak in an aqueous solution of micro - and macroelements, and sprout. Then sow in pots to a depth of 1.5-2 cm and sprinkle moist soil, not compacting.
Until emergence, the soil temperature should be at +20...25°C. After germination, the pots should be placed in a very bright place.
After the appearance and development of three true leaves, plant with root ball of earth are transplanted into large containers. After engraftment times a week you can start feeding the plants with a solution of mineral and (alternating) organic fertilizers.
Advice 2: Characteristics of growing broccoli
Broccoli is a variety of cauliflower. This plant is pretty well known to gardeners. Fans of the cabbage, this culture will have to taste. It is well settled in the middle zone of our country. This unpretentious cabbage, its cultivation does not cause much trouble. Beneficial broccoli differs from cauliflower in the content of vitamins and minerals. According to the presence of amino acids it equate to beef and lysine as protein chicken eggs. A protein that is located in broccoli can reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood.
Broccoli can be grown seedlings and seeds. Soil better prepare in the autumn make organic fertilizer, lime, and dig. Seedlings of cabbage are sown in mid-March in a mixture of soil, sand, peat and compost in equal amounts. 40-45 days with the appearance of 5-6 leaves of seedlings can be planted in the open ground.
Between the rows is sufficient 50-60 cm between plants is 40-45 cm In the wells, it is desirable to make half a Cup of wood ash. It is important when planting to the soil around the Bush was sealed. In soft ground they do not survive. Strengthen young plants can tolerate frosts as low as -10°C.
When growing seeds planting scheme remains the same as in seedling method. If seeds were sown in rows, then you will need to thin out seedlings.
Broccoli grows well with regular watering. Necessary weeding and fertilizing. Feeding usually made two weeks after planting the seedlings, and after heavy rains. The soil around the plants loosened and Spud.
This kind of cabbage, quite resistant to many diseases and pests. In the summer to protect the plants from cabbage white, you can set it loose lutrasilom.
Broccoli grows a lot of heads-inflorescences. It is important to cut them so as not to lose original flavor. Unlike cauliflower harvest of broccoli can take a long time.
In the food use head buds and young stems of plants. To preserve the useful properties it is better to cook steamed or blanched for 5-7 min.
Advice 3: How to transplant cabbage
Novice gardeners often have difficulty transplanting the cabbage seedlings: planted in the ground plants often die, causing a lot of grief and hassle. The reason may be in the wrong transplant.
You will need
- - shovel;
- - humus;
- - mineral fertilizers.
To avoid such unfortunate situations, you need to approach the cultivation of cabbage very seriously. Prepared according to the rules of the seedlings to endure the transplant. After the appearance of two true leaves, the seedlings need to raspikirovat. For this purpose a pencil in moist soil to make a vertical hole and drop it in the root, buried the plant up to the cotyledons and trying not to damage the spine. The soil around to seal with your hands.
It is important to prevent thickening of the seedlings to avoid fungal infections and black legs. In this disease the stem of the cabbage dries up between the root and the cotyledon leaves and the plant dies or forms a curved stem. If the seedlings are stretched after the pick, you need to pour the ground to the base of the first leaf.
No less important is to prepare the soil and fertilize. Cabbages like alkaline soil, so you need to make the lime and potash to 1 tsp in each hole (can be replaced with a handful of wood ash). This will keep the cabbage from kila – a dangerous disease of the roots where the seedling also killed. It is important to observe the crop rotation and not plant the cabbage in the old place. The plants will be bad to feel after other crucifers: radish, radish, turnip.
The hole you need to dig to a depth of bayonet spade, the roots of the plant fits in it. When planting be sure that the spine is not bent up. It is impossible to fill the earth and growth point – the place where cabbage throws out new leaves. The stem also need to fill the earth, and buried the lower leaves. In such conditions it formed new roots and the development head will get more power.
The distance between the seedlings should be 60x50cm, late 70х60см to avoid excessive shading. When transplanting should be abundantly shed the hole with water (at least 1-1,5 l), and after falling asleep the roots of the ground to compact the soil.
To avoid excessive evaporation of moisture will help mulch the soil under the plant to fill with compost, rotted sawdust or peat. Transplant cabbage need evenings, better to do it in cloudy weather. When the weather is hot, after landing a need pritenyat plants. You can use the means at hand: the leaves of burdock, leaky bucket, non-woven covering material, etc.
Another danger lurks cabbage seedlings after transplanting the cabbage flea. While cabbage is not grown, need twice a day watering it and loosen the soil, and also sprayed with insecticide. "Corado", "Commander". If the farmer has a negative attitude to the use of chemicals, you need to sprinkle the cabbage wood ashes, taking care as it can cause leaf burn.
Fertilizing is an important step in the cultivation of cabbage. For this you can prepare a solution consisting of compost, ash, and dry bird droppings, wait for the mass ferment and to water the plants at the root . For the season but just 1-2 irrigations to obtain a good harvest.