Indications for use of Prednisone"
"Prednisone" is prescribed for the treatment of the following diseases: rheumatism and rheumatoid diseases, collagen diseases, joint disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, vasculitis, sarcoidosis, allergic reactions, bronchial asthma, serum sickness, skin disease, adrenogenital syndrome, acute insufficiency of cortex substance of the adrenals, Addison's disease, kidney disease and liver, hypoglycemic States, leukemia, agranulocytosis, Hodgkin's disease, hemolytic anemia, infectious diseases.
In ophthalmology, a drug prescribed for the treatment of sympathetic ophthalmia, keratitis, corneal ulcer, uveitis, iridocyclitis. In otolaryngology "Prednisone" is used when inflammation and eczema of the external auditory canal, acute otitis media, vasomotor and allergic rhinitis. The drug is used only for medical purpose. Dosage, route of administration and duration of therapy will depend on the shape and course of the disease, tolerance to medications, the patient's condition and the effectiveness of treatment.
How to apply "Prednisolone"
Inside "Prednisolone" should be taken with food or immediately after it. Initial daily amount is 25 to 50 mg (in 2-3 doses), then it should be reduced to 5-10 mg (4-6 meals). The maximum number of "Prednisone" for adults is: single 15 mg daily to 100 mg daily Initial dose for children is 1-2 mg per 1 kg of body weight, it needs to be spread over 4-6 meals. Supporting the daily amount is 300-600 g per 1 kg of body weight.
Solution "Prednisone" is administered intramuscularly (0.03-0.06 g) or intravenously (to 0.015-0.03 g). Before intramuscular introduction of the contents of the vial should be dissolved in 5 ml of water for injection, having a temperature of 35 to 37 o C. For intravenous administration, the contents of the ampoule should be diluted in 250-500 ml of glucose solution (5%) or isotonic sodium chloride solution.
In diseases of the skin using an external agent "Ointment prednisolone" (0,5%). For the treatment of diseases of the eye prescribe eye drops of the drug (1-2 drops in each eye), but no longer than 2 weeks. The therapeutic dose is 0.02-0.03 g, supporting — 0,005-0.01 g In otolaryngology using the solution "Prednisone" - 4-5 drops into the nostril or ear 4-5 times a day.
"Prednisolone" is contraindicated in the elderly, ulcerative gastrointestinal disease, diabetes, hypertension, Itsenko-Cushing, cardiac decompensation, nephritis, mental diseases, thrombosis, thromboembolism, osteoporosis, during pregnancy and after the recent operations.