In a healthy person the pulse, that is, fluctuation of the arterial walls due to the work of the heart, measured in beats per minute should not be less than 60 or more than 90 beats.
Palpitations can occur when physical or emotional stress. It stabiliziruemost when you eliminate the causes, except in children and pregnant women, which is normal phenomenon associated with the physiology. Pulse normal newborn reaches 150 beats per minute, after about 6 months the heart starts to beat not as "frisky" - pulse is equal to 90-120 beats.
By the way, rapid heartbeat characteristic and the elderly, this is due to age-related changes, and hormonal changes. The norm after the age of 65 recognizes the heart rate 100-110 beats per minute.
Consistently rapid heart rate constantly observed in people with disease tachycardia such patients are spetsuchet and regularly take drugs or medication that support the heart in a normal rhythm.
However, the pulse may be slow. In this case, the doctors diagnose the disease bradycardia. To help the work of the heart in this case can such soft drinks as tea, coffee, useful to eat a slice of dark chocolate, appoint physicians and special medications.
Violation of the cardiovascular system or irregularities in the thyroid can also be the cause of irregular heartbeat.
The heart monitor in the measurement of blood pressure and with the passage of the ECG. Is considered normal pressure 90/110 mm with a deviation of not more than 10 mm Hg. Although many scholars tend to assume that these figures are conditional, saying that the concept of "working pressure" more than has a right to exist. So, each year recorded growth in the number of people who feel well during conventionally low pressure 75/90 mm, and at high – 110/130.
It is noteworthy that the deviations characteristic of the inhabitants of large cities, whereas in rural areas continues to rise or fall in blood pressure in humans leads to crisis.
Higher (sistolicheskoe) pressure means the pressure of blood on the walls of blood vessels. Lower (gistologicescoe) shows the pressure force of blood on walls of blood vessels in the pause between heartbeats.
The blood pressure is closely associated with such phenomena as heartbeat, rapid shallow breathing and even body temperature. So patients with unstable blood pressure should monitor it regularly. Even developed a special calendars that patients have to fill several times a day, introducing the measurement data AD and describing the health.
Regular lower blood pressure called hypotension, this disease does not belong to the group of high-risk hypertension - a disease of high blood pressure. According to the degree of disease hypertension is divided into three stages:
- at the first stage the upper fixed pressure between 140-159 mm, bottom - 90-98 mm;
- the second stage - upper: 160-179мм, and the lower 100-109 mm;
- the third stage - upper: 180 mm above the lower - 110 mm. It is the most dangerous stage of hypertension, considering that the normal for high blood pressure is the pressure of 130/85.
High blood pressure mandatory taking medications to reduce pressure and are under constant supervision of a doctor.