Advice 1: What should be normal heart rate and BP

The heartbeat and pressure - important characteristics of human health. To count the heart beats, palpate the pulse on the hand. To determine the pressure using a special device.
What should be normal heart rate and BP

Pulse



In a healthy person the pulse, that is, fluctuation of the arterial walls due to the work of the heart, measured in beats per minute should not be less than 60 or more than 90 beats.

Palpitations can occur when physical or emotional stress. It stabiliziruemost when you eliminate the causes, except in children and pregnant women, which is normal phenomenon associated with the physiology. Pulse normal newborn reaches 150 beats per minute, after about 6 months the heart starts to beat not as "frisky" - pulse is equal to 90-120 beats.

By the way, rapid heartbeat characteristic and the elderly, this is due to age-related changes, and hormonal changes. The norm after the age of 65 recognizes the heart rate 100-110 beats per minute.

Consistently rapid heart rate constantly observed in people with disease tachycardia such patients are spetsuchet and regularly take drugs or medication that support the heart in a normal rhythm.

However, the pulse may be slow. In this case, the doctors diagnose the disease bradycardia. To help the work of the heart in this case can such soft drinks as tea, coffee, useful to eat a slice of dark chocolate, appoint physicians and special medications.

Violation of the cardiovascular system or irregularities in the thyroid can also be the cause of irregular heartbeat.

Pressure



The heart monitor in the measurement of blood pressure and with the passage of the ECG. Is considered normal pressure 90/110 mm with a deviation of not more than 10 mm Hg. Although many scholars tend to assume that these figures are conditional, saying that the concept of "working pressure" more than has a right to exist. So, each year recorded growth in the number of people who feel well during conventionally low pressure 75/90 mm, and at high – 110/130.

It is noteworthy that the deviations characteristic of the inhabitants of large cities, whereas in rural areas continues to rise or fall in blood pressure in humans leads to crisis.

Higher (sistolicheskoe) pressure means the pressure of blood on the walls of blood vessels. Lower (gistologicescoe) shows the pressure force of blood on walls of blood vessels in the pause between heartbeats.

The blood pressure is closely associated with such phenomena as heartbeat, rapid shallow breathing and even body temperature. So patients with unstable blood pressure should monitor it regularly. Even developed a special calendars that patients have to fill several times a day, introducing the measurement data AD and describing the health.

Regular lower blood pressure called hypotension, this disease does not belong to the group of high-risk hypertension - a disease of high blood pressure. According to the degree of disease hypertension is divided into three stages:
- at the first stage the upper fixed pressure between 140-159 mm, bottom - 90-98 mm;
- the second stage - upper: 160-179мм, and the lower 100-109 mm;
- the third stage - upper: 180 mm above the lower - 110 mm. It is the most dangerous stage of hypertension, considering that the normal for high blood pressure is the pressure of 130/85.

High blood pressure mandatory taking medications to reduce pressure and are under constant supervision of a doctor.

Advice 2 : What should be the heart rate in normal

The normal heart rate (heart rate) depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. However, deviations from it are not always the symptom of any disease. They may indicate human adaptation to different circumstances.
What should be the heart rate in normal

What determines heart rate


Heart rate (pulse) reflects the number of oscillations of the walls of the arteries that arise from the contraction of the heart. Her norm is different for each person. It depends on the age, health condition, fitness of the body, the ambient temperature and other factors. The average normal pulse rate in an adult is 60 – 80 beats per minute.

Age-related changes in heart rate is particularly noticeable in childhood. For example, newborn babies heart muscle is reduced in 2 times more often than adults. As they grow, and the formation of adaptive mechanisms in the body of the child, the normal heart rate decreases, and 13 – 16 years is the same as that of an adult. In adulthood, especially in the absence of physical activity, the heart gradually grows old and the heart rate quickens. In the 60 – 80 years, the normal heart rate is 75 – 80 beats per minute.

How do you know the normal pulse


The heart rate of each person is strictly individual. To define it better in the morning after waking up. Usually the pulse is measured on the inside of the wrist. It is necessary to find the point at which the well felt the vibrations of the radial artery, reflecting the contraction of the heart. You can count the number of beats for a minute or 30 seconds, multiplying the resulting figure by two. For the reliability of the result pulse is measured for three consecutive days, it is advisable to do it in the sitting position. If the number will be approximately the same, then it will be the normal pulse rate of an individual.

Reasons for deviation of heart rate from the norm


Increased heart rate (tachycardia) is observed in cases when the body needs an increased supply of blood, for example during physical exertion, emotional arousal and a hearty meal.

Slow pulse (bradycardia) at a normal feeling indicates a good fitness of the body. If the decrease in the heart rate accompanied by weakness and dizziness, seek medical help.

Very often the causes of pulse changes are functional disorders of the heart healthy, organic lesions of the heart muscle, toxic or traumatic damage to the organism as a whole, thyroid disease, metabolic potassium and magnesium. In this case, the heart rate returns to normal after treatment of the disease, which has led to disturbance of the heart rhythm.

Advice 3 : What rules are there for a heartbeat

Human health depends on normal functioning of the heart. That is why study of the patient's pulse is an important part of the medical examination. Doctors are well aware what the heartbeat is normal, and how it changes in different diseases.
Cardiogram
Meaning of the word "heart" differs from its scientific meaning. The heartbeat is called a heart, which the person himself can hear a loud knock in the chest, radiating in my head. Doctors also called the heartbeat of the one cycle of the heart consists of contraction and relaxation (systole and diastole).

The normal heart



What is called the heartbeat in the home, can already be considered a violation. Normal people should not listen to the heart. However, if such a phenomenon occurs briefly when the big physical activity is also normal. Alarm should be considered a heartbeat at rest. If for an hour or two of complete rest, a normal heart function is not restored – it is cause for seeking medical attention.

For a proper study of the pulse of the people must be in a calm state. Heart rate is determined by many factors: state of health, degree of fitness, age.

Adult aged 15 to 50 years the norm is the frequency from 60 to 80 beats per minute. The younger the person, the more intense will be the work of the heart. The rapid heartbeat is observed in the fetus in the 10th week of pregnancy – up to 190 beats per minute.

In the babies under one year of age, the norm is 110-170 beats, the child from one year to 2 years – 94-154, from 2 to 4 – 90-140, up to 6 years – 86-126, 6-8 years, 78-118, 8-10 years – 68-108, 10-12 years 60-100, while 12-15-year-olds the norm ranges from 55 to 95 beats.

There are age norms and for the elderly. 50 to 60 years, the norm is between 64 and 84 beats per minute, and for people older than 60 years – 69-89 bumps.

To calculate normal heart beat during exercise there is a special formula: from 220 subtract a person's age. For example, if a person is 30 years old, his normal heart rate during exercise should not exceed 190 beats per minute. This formula is used by the athletes.

Disorders of the heart



Slow heartbeat is called bradycardia. This condition is normal in well-trained people, for example, in athletes, but if a person is not, is a violation. The status of the bradycardia may be accompanied by pain in the heart area, dizziness and even loss of consciousness. Bradycardia (the number of heartbeats per minute less than 40) leads to heart failure.

Tachycardia is a rapid heartbeat. As bradycardia, it leads to violation of blood circulation, resulting in organs, including the heart getting enough oxygen. Poor blood flow to the heart may eventually lead to heart attack.

Another disturbance of heart rhythm – extrasystoles, the appearance of the extraordinary cuts. The person thus feels a push in the heart or Vice versa – fading, he lacks air. This condition may be accompanied by feelings of fear and anxiety.

Any abnormal heart rhythm is a sign of a serious disease and requires treatment by a cardiologist.

Advice 4 : What is the normal heart rate in 75 years

Such indicators as blood pressure and pulse are medical to those characteristics by which they can make the first conclusions about the state of human health. These characteristics depend on the work of the most important human organ – the heart and its functional state depends, including, from age.
What is the normal heart rate in 75 years

Heart rate and age


Pulse rate is dependent on heart rate, causing fluctuations of the arterial walls. Because these fluctuations are due to a measurable difference between the upper and lower blood pressure which normally is about 40 mm Hg, it is easy to feel, pressing artery finger. The most affordable point at which the palpable pulse is the inner side of the wrist, which runs the radial artery.

Heart rate oscillations is not constant and depends on many factors beyond any complex calculations and formulas. The norm of pulse, each person has their own and it will not be the same, even two people of the same age with the same other conditions. It depends on the individual, circumstances, location and also age. The older a person is, the less it reduces the heart and pulse beats.

The adult average people without heart problems, the frequency of resting pulse is 70-80 beats per minute. For a newborn, this figure normally is 140 beats/min at age 1 year - 130 beats/min. To 2 years the pulse slows to 100 BPM by 7 – up to BPM to 14 years - 80 beats/min. In old age the human being becomes less and in 75 years, the norm can be considered 65-70 beats/min.
After 60 years, should give up alcohol, Smoking and too fatty, spicy and abundant food, which provoke acceleration of heart rate and cause accelerated aging.

Control pulse


The main criterion standards of heart rate at any age is health, if you do not feel discomfort, it means your heart is beating in the usual rhythm. But do not ignore variability that can be symptoms of many serious diseases. Thus, the increase or decrease in your usual rhythm can be a symptom of ischemic heart disease, atherosclerosis, atrial fibrillation.
In the elderly with coronary heart disease increase in heart rate to 85 beats per minute significantly increases the risk of sudden death.


Continuous monitoring of heart rate is particularly important for the elderly who are aged 70 years or more. Sudden unwarranted slowing or increased heart rate is a reason as soon as possible to contact their physician or cardiologist, best of all, already having the electrocardiogram.

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