Appearance and location in the garden
Flowers lilies are very beautiful and spectacular. They have a few large petals that bloom during the day and reminiscent of the Eastern bowl. Color of roses lilies especially pleasing to the eye: Magenta, tangerine, red, white, dark-pink. Unfortunately, lilies are devoid of flavor. And it certainly is a plus if in the garden you wish to plant them near other flowers: asters, Phlox, echinaceae.
Bush lilies prefer loose and nutritious soil that is slightly acidic or neutral reaction. Put them on the site, which is well-lit and warmed by the sun. In the absence of such places flowers can grow in shade. However, do not drop off the plant under large trees, it will suffer from lack of light. Watch for soil flowers: it is impossible to prevent a lot of weeds.
Bush lilies are bred with bulbs. Drop them into the soil to a depth of 1.5 cm Up should be directed sharp part of the onion: completely fill it with dust. Place the onion plants at a distance of not less than 10 cm from each other. Planting produce in early spring or late fall. After planting, do not let the soil is very dry: soil should always be moderately moist. However, if you don't loosen it, then the bulbs may rot. - Drained soil is very important for lilies. In the winter the bulbs be sure to mask off spruce branches, peat, dry leaves, and on top put plastic wrap.
Cultivation and watering
Water lilies right at the roots, avoiding water on the leaves. Under direct sunlight, the water droplets are transformed into reflective lenses. Because of this, the leaves will soon appear burns. The soil around roses lilies regularly loosen, to the roots was well received oxygen. When loosening try not to touch the roots of the instrument. Podesavate Bush of the Lily to the peg, if the stem is thin, and the place where the Lily grows, constantly blown by the winds. When cut flowers, try to keep the largest possible number of leaves. Their crop will lead to a deterioration of the blossom this year, and the next Lily may not bloom.
Bush lilies, and other flowers need fertilizers: mineral and nitrogen. Through wood ashes do not touch the plant pathogenic fungi. A small amount of manure can also be useful. However, do not use it fresh. When flowers have formed buds, then make the fertilizer ammonium nitrate. There are special fertilizers for roses. They fertilize the plant, after analyzing the instruction.
Advice 2: Where better to plant lilies in the garden
When placing the lilies in the garden should take into account the biological characteristics of different species and groups. In conditions of moderate and severely moderate continental climate the most unpretentious are Asiatic hybrids and LA hybrids. They have the widest selection of varieties in color and height. Trumpet and Oriental lilies require a great deal of attention. You should also consider the timing of flowering, to have flowering plants for a long time.
Lily is better to plant groups by sight, not less 3-5-7 lilies are the same. Alone they won't look spectacular. Apart the bulbs are placed at a distance of 25-30-40cm, depending on the variety.
Lilies look good next to the perennials - Phlox, delphinium, peonies, baby's breath, gladiolus, anemones.
In nature lilies grow among the herbs and shrubs. Therefore, in the garden, they grow and will form a colorful kartinku among barbarisov, juniper, Jasmine, arborvitae. Place the Lily bulb is necessary at a distance of 80-90cm from the bushes.
High varieties are planted in the background, fences, buildings, arbors, or in the center of the bed. Lily is good as solitary plants, especially if planted on the lawn.
Medium lilies will complement and contribute their beauty to any flower garden and can be planted along the tracks in the background. Low-growing varieties will complement and enliven the rocky hill, suitable for mixborders, to curb, for container growing.
Consider the harmony of color coding of these plants bloom at the same time. So, geleobraznye varieties of lilies good next to a dark cherry. Bright red with apricot, yellow, white lilies.
Lily - the decoration of any flower garden. Even after flowering, they look decently due to its narrow glossy leaves.
Varieties with strong flavor in a small garden it is better to limit.
Lilies should not be planted close to trees due to heavy shading and dry soil near the trunk.
Advice 3: Lilies: planting and care in the open ground
How to choose a good Lily bulbs
In any case, no matter where you tried to buy a Lily, it is worth to pay special attention to the choice between full bulbs of plants. Lily bulbs need to select large, dry, with fleshy scales. Unacceptable signs of disease and mechanical damage on any parts of the bulb, so very carefully examine its scales, roots and the bottom.
Buying bulbs lilies it is better to attend an early spring or fall, before planting in the ground. Deadlines for planting bulbs in the ground in autumn – end of October spring – early may.
If Lily purchased in advance, then store the bulbs in packaging with perforation, in a cool dark place, at temperatures not below 4 °C, for example, in the lower part of the refrigerator. Storage space should be dry with sufficient quantity of air. In such circumstances, Lily bulbs may start to rise. In this case, you need to open the package and see that the young stem is not subjected to deformation.
Rules of planting lilies
A nice feature of the cultivation of lilies is their ability to grow and fully develop in one place for up to five years. The main thing - to choose a suitable place for a flower garden. The Lily – lovers moderately moist places in partial shade with well-drained soil.
The most favorable period for planting Lily is at the end of September, when the plant is at rest. In prednisalone activities include the removal of damaged scales, shortening the long roots and treatment of bulbs systemic fungicide. Lily is very responsive to the use of growth promoters, so that they can safely use. For example, first the bulbs treated with 0.2% solution of fundazol for 20 minutes, dried and withstanding their time in Epinay.
Planting lilies is in the pits with a diameter of 40 cm, if the bulbs are large, to a depth of 15 cm At the bottom of the pit to prepare in advance good drainage, it can be a layer of gravel or sand up to 5 cm from the Top to pour a layer of soil, optimally also to 5 cm
Lily bulbs be planted one in each planting hole and compacting the ground around the plant, fill them so that the soil completely covers the top of the bulb. Don't forget about the fact that the optimum depth of planting bulbs 15 cm and Then to mark the place of landing lilies, forming the surface of the earth circumference around the landing pit, and sprinkle a handful of granular fertilizer.
Caring for Lily: fertilizer
On the growth of bulbous species of flowering plants, including lilies, has a beneficial effect fertilization. Many gardeners are interested in breeding lilies, it is recommended to use granular fertilizer for bulbous flowers, which is specifically designed for this group of plants.
Fertilize lilies twice per year. Autumn in October, the nutrition is carried out fertilizer, not containing nitrogen, and in the spring, once the soil surface will seem young leaves – fertilizers with nitrogen. It is not necessary to use organic fertilizer, the excess of organic matter in the soil contributes to infection of fungal diseases of lilies, but introduction to soil wood ash will have the opposite effect. For the prevention of diseases and spread of pests recommended up to three times a year spraying of lilies 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture.
The secrets of successful care of the lilies
Care lilies mostly undemanding, but there are still a few secrets that you need to know to begin the cultivation of this beautiful plant.
The landing of the lilies is better to choose on the site such that the lower part of the stem of the plant was in the shade. This will avoid overheating and drying out the ground around the bulbs. With this, you can plant lilies in the compositions of the low or medium floral crops. Lily especially well in such plantings with daylilies, hosts, nwankama and bells.
Care of lilies during flowering is providing small irrigation. If the flowering period coincided with the drought, it is necessary to profusely pour water on the plot with colors a few times to avoid water depletion of follicles. After Lily Bud, watering can be quite to stop.
When you cut lilies in a bouquet be sure to leave part of the stem with leaves above the ground. This will allow the bulb to continue full development. The slice needs to do a braid, so that rain water does not enter the stem and cause it to rot. In autumn, cut all the shoots of the lilies, leaving the stems up to 20 cm.
To Lily suffered during the winter from frost, they need to cover. To use for shelter can be sawdust, the foil, agrotextile, twigs and other materials. The main thing is to check that the soil and the material was completely dry. In the spring after the danger of frost cover need be removed in order to ensure the normal development undeformed shoots of lilies.