Advice 1: How to do painting on wood

Painting on wood is a traditional type of folk art. Covered in intricate patterns furniture, dishes, toys can become a decoration of the kitchen, nursery and even your living room. One who can draw a bit, will be able to master and painting, and the workpiece can be bought in shop where sell the goods for artists.
Paint can be a toy, a Cup, a table

What do you need


First and foremost, of course, the desired object that you will paint. This can be a cutting Board, a wooden toy box, stool. You will also need paint. Paint wooden products are tempera, gouache, oil paints, but is now particularly popular acrylic paint. They have many advantages: they dry quickly, do not fade when dry, does not crumble, the work does not need to varnish. In addition, the range of acrylic paints is quite large. You will need the composition of the soil (you can buy in the same Department as paint, or make your own from water and chalk). Buy some squirrel or kolinsky brushes of different thickness, and sand paper with coarse and fine grain. If you don't know how to draw, you will like copy paper, with which you will be able to transfer to the Board the completed drawing.

The selection and processing of the workpiece


Regardless of what you are going to paint, carefully choose a preset. It should not be visible damage like cracks and chips, as well as knots. Procurement, store-bought products for artists, usually no need to wash. If there is visible dirt, wash the Board with a stiff brush, with soap and water, and allow it to dry. In the presence of significant irregularities line up the surface of a large cloth, and then grind fine. Apply the primer and allow the Board to dry.

Figure


The picture can do it yourself. On primed wood fits well the usual simple pencil. You can take the finished composition and transfer it onto the Board using carbon paper. Try to choose patterns with clear outlines and a small amount of fine detail. Themes can be different: floral and geometric ornament, landscape, still life, even portraits. Of course, if you paint a figure of an animal or doll, apply all the necessary parts – the muzzle or face, stripes the cat, handkerchief, and apron, matryoshka, etc.

Painting


Start to paint with the largest parts. To do this, select a very broad brush. Apply the paint evenly. If you paint a vertical figure, apply the paint start from the top. Acrylic paint can be too thick, then they need to be diluted with water. Once the large fields are filled in, allow the workpiece to dry and then start working on smaller details. The last stage is the elaboration of very fine detail and drawing of contours very thin brush. If you do not use acrylic paints, but gouache or watercolor, the work will need to varnish. Colorless parquet varnish in this situation will fit more than others.

Advice 2: What types of art paintings are

The art of decorating surfaces with paints and a brush called the wall-painting. The very concept of painting is very different from painting, as it is part of the conceived by the artist space.
Gzhel
Art painting was originally applied to any democratic and legkodelimae materials: leather, wood, natural fabric, clay and bone. Skills passed down from generation to generation masters, there are specific techniques which helped awareness of the product. Over time, elected the most meaningful and expressive ornament. In architecture decorated with painted ceilings, arches, walls, beams, and the home decor was applied to everyday objects.

Systematization of various types of paintings was first begun in 1876 by Professor A. A. Isayev in his two volumes entitled "Fisheries of the Moscow province". Enterprise the art of painting and is currently developing a business to meet the demand in the markets of Russia and abroad.

Khokhloma painting



In a rich vegetable ornament found a use for the skill fine brush, which came from the monasteries. From there was launched the secret of how to paint the dishes in a Golden color without using gold. The painting has not changed to date and the process from ancient times to the present day is the same. Billet utensils carved out of wood on a lathe, then ground with a specially prepared solution of clay or use an artificial priming. Dishes covered with a paint based on tin or silver, rarely of aluminium. Paint-conceived motive, and dried in a furnace, and then varnish again and doing hot drying.

Since the product several times undergoes intensive heat treatment, dyes were selected from those whose high brightness temperatures are not affected. This black, gold and cinnabar.

Gzhel porcelain



Gzhel unique as each artist, using the classic and familiar motifs, creates technique individually. The main role belongs to the experience of the master and movement of his brush. In this case, the white from one stroke there are harmonious transitions from dark blue to pale blue. Paint is only one, cobalt, and drawing is done very quickly, the first time.

Matryoshka



These figures of different sizes, put one in the other, descended from Japan. The great popularity of these dolls purchased in 1900, after the exhibition in Paris. The main production was in the village of Polkhovsky Maidan, which is famous and painted, and Turner - because the shape of the dolls still had to grind.

Polkhovsky matryoshka has distinctive characteristics by which it can be distinguished from others. She has written strokes the face and forehead a rose blossom of the Siberian spruce grouse. The color of the scarf contrasts with the color of the dress, and from behind the doll on the 2/3 scarlet or green. The apron of the oval and extends from the neck to the ground.

The most difficult to handle, inlaid with straw dolls from Vyatka.
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