The Islamic calendar originated June 16, 622 in the Christian calendar is called Hijri calendar. On this day the Prophet Muhammad's Hijra and the first Muslims were relocated from Mecca to Medina, a city in Western Saudi Arabia.


1 Muharram 1436 corresponds to 25 October 2014 in the Gregorian calendar. This month begins each new year. Muharram is one of four sacred or forbidden months in which it is impossible to conduct any military operations, to hunt, to fight and kill.

First day of the month

Crescent moon in the sky on the first day after the new moon had to see at least two reputable Muslim. This phenomenon testified to the beginning of a new month. [sidebar#1]

Day in the Islamic calendar begin at sunset, not at midnight as in the solar Gregorian calendar. And the first day of the month falls on the first day after the astronomical new moon. It is characterized by the presence of neomenia, that is Crescent in the sky immediately after sunset. Currently, there are two ways to determine the first day of the month. Some rely on the actual visibility of the Crescent moon the day after the new moon, while others trust the opinion of influential people. Both are allowed by Islam, but often have discrepancies.

Features months

Since the solar year consists of 365 or 366 days, beginning of the year and all dates according to the lunar calendar shifted by 10-11 days forward, relative to the sun. [box#2]

Since the orbital period of the moon is slightly more than twenty-nine days, the month in the Muslim calendar includes either 29 or 30 days. Seasons and seasons do not correspond to specific months, and move from year to year. Therefore the first month for Muslims may account for the summer period of the Gregorian calendar and a couple of years – in the autumn.

The Influence Of The Moon

Muslim lunar calendar is the natural period, which is associated with cyclic changes on Earth. The moon affects many natural phenomena: the tides, the behavior of the atmosphere, plants and fruit poured juice in the moonlight. Under the strong gravitational influence of the moon on the Earth in the days of new and full moon are changing different physical parameters. Humidity, temperature, atmospheric pressure, magnetic fields directly affect the well-being and human activities.

Holy days

Muslims revere the sacred holidays that fall on special days and nights highlighted in calendar. These days is devoted to a more careful and deep prayer, reading the Scriptures, zealous service and doing of good deeds. Friday of each week is Holy, and on Monday and Thursday is spent in fasting.