You will need
- Disinfectants (chloramine solution 5% activated chloramine 0.5% solution of activated chlorine 0,5%);
- - protective clothing (gown, cap, mask, respirator).
It is important to understand that the causative agents of tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) are extremely persistent in the environment. The most devastating effect on them has ultraviolet irradiation, and disinfectants containing chlorine.
For the treatment facilities used chloramine solution 5% activated chloramine 0.5% solution of activated chlorine of 0.5%. You can use any tool of choice. All drugs sold in the form of powders or compressed into tablets. Before treatment, dilute powder strictly as directed on the package.
A TB patient should be in a separate room and as little as possible to leave this room. In the room you can leave only the most necessary things. Use objects made from materials that are easily treatable. All upholstered furniture is to close the covers, and carpets or other floor covering not removed. Curtains and tulle, it is desirable to remove and replace the plastic blinds.
In the room is required to conduct daily wet cleaning. The person who directly performs it must change into special clothing. You need to put on a gown, scarf or hat (to fill the hair), rubber gloves, and a four-layer gauze bandage or a respirator.
The instructions should be diluted disinfectant solution. To handle one room will need about 10 liters of fluid. The first is to wipe all the shelves, window sills, battery, doors and door handles. In the last instance with the same solution to wipe the floor. With upholstered furniture remove the covers and put clean. The Windows in the room during cleaning should be open. If there is a germicidal ultraviolet bulb, you can include it two times a day for 30 minutes.
The ventilation – another essential component of disinfection. Open Windows should be at least 2 times a day 30 minutes any time of the year.
Bedding (pillow, blanket, mattress) should be periodically wring, pre-wrapped in wet sheets. Linen and underwear of the patient, as well as covers from upholstered furniture, should be collected in a special tank and close tightly. Linen will be sure to soak in dezinficiruyusch solution at the rate of 5 l of solution per 1 kg of dry Laundry for 2-3 hours. You can then wash normal detergent. Things can also be boiled for 15 min in a 2% soda solution or for 30 minutes in water without addition of soda. Clothes that can not be boiled, it is recommended to steam the 1 day a week. In summer, all things should be kept in the sun as long as possible.
Cleaning equipment and protective clothing must be processed after each use, just as to decontaminate the clothing of the patient.
After eating utensils of the patient should also be treated. First, plates, glasses and spoons are cleaned of food residue and then boiled in 2% soda ash solution for 15 min (with or without soda 30 min). Instead of boiling the utensils can be immersed in one of disinfectant solutions for 2 hours, and then rinsed with running water.
Food waste also need to boil for 30 minutes in water (or 15 min in 2% strength solution of soda ash). You can fill the uneaten food disinfectants in the ratio 1:5 and leave for 2 hours. After processing, the products can be poured into drain.
As a rule, patients with pulmonary form of tuberculosis secrete mucus. It must be collected in special glass jars. Must be two of them. When one tank is filled, put it (along with sputum) in a tank of water and boil for at least 30 minutes. The water level must be greater than the level of the banks. If water is poured into the reservoir 2% solution of soda ash, boil the jar can 15 minutes. Upon detection of mycobacteria in the urine and faeces of the patient, they are also subjected to disinfection. This allocation is filled or poured with disinfectants, and then poured into the sewage system.
Final disinfection processing facilities after the illness, his hospitalization or death. Perform special health services at the request of TB.