In osteoarthritis, accompanied by pain and inflammation, prescribe intramuscular injections of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These include: "Diclofenac", "Indometacin", "Ketoprofen", "NIMULID". They eliminate the symptom of pain, inflammation and swelling. These drugs are used to 10 days, they have many side effects.
Often severe pain administered intra-articular injections of hormonal drugs corticosteroid like "Flosteron", "Diprospan", "Kenalog", "Celeste", "Hydrocortisone", etc. These drugs have powerful analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. In the same way as NSAIDs, they are not able to get rid of the disease but only relieve pain symptoms, and can be used in combination with the main methods of treatment.
Corticosteroids have many side effects, so they prescribed if simple painkillers do not help.
The frequency and dosage of injections prescribed by your doctor. That hormone therapy was safe, injections do not more often two times a month. If not observed analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect after the first injection, most likely the drug is not suitable. If treatment is not effective after the second drug, it can be regarded as a contraindication to therapy with hormones.
To restore destroyed cartilage in osteoarthritis injections of chondroprotectors: "don", "Alflutop", "Albena", "controlon". Doing them only in the absence of symptoms of inflammation. Once it gets into the cartilage, active substances stimulate the production of healthy cells that replace damaged. Components of the chondro - glucosamine and chondroitin. Chondroitin is a biologically active substance, stimulating and regenerating phosphorus-calcium metabolism in cartilage. Glucosamine is a dietary substance that stimulates the production of hyaluronic acid. Treatment chondroprotectors can 25-30 injections 1-2 times a year.
With osteoarthritis are also prescribed injections of hyaluronic acid. This substance gives the joint mobility, promotes the production of collagen and prevents its destruction. It helps to relieve inflammation, pain and facilitates movement. Injections of hyaluronic acid do 1 year course for 3-5 injections with an interval of 1-2 weeks.