How to feed?
A special diet will have to comply with the first day of sickness. The main rule – the food should not injure and irritate the mucous membrane of the mouth, so salty and sour foods will have to be deleted. Better put the baby on pureed food, mucous soups, soft cereals. Because when the time came the production of saliva is disrupted, it is not necessary to give too dry foods that are difficult to chew.
Produced by the canker sores cause a lot of pain, so the child may even refuse to eat, especially when massive lesion of the mucous membrane. Don't force it, and if you fear that your child is very sick will obesely – give it mildly salted broth, unsweetened juice or warm milk, it is better through a straw.
The temperature of the food should be high – give your child warm or cool food. Do not feed often and in large quantities – it is better to reduce the portions and feed on demand. Try nevertheless to do without snacking between meals.
Every time after baby eats, he should rinse your mouth with an antiseptic solution, then the sores to lubricate anti-inflammatory ointment prescribed by a doctor. Drink to the child as much as he wants, but try not to give a drink immediately after treatment, oral drugs, or any drug will immediately be washed away with the mucous membrane.
What to feed?
The diet could include oatmeal in milk or water, soft cheese, boiled or steamed vegetables (you can also offer vegetable purée), and omelets. Preferred soups or cereal soups without big chunks of vegetables, light unsalted broth. Meat and fish is better to give in the form of meat, to cook it, not fry in oil.
The amount of fat in the diet should be restricted, as in stomatitis the ability of the child's body to absorb the fats is a little reduced. Also limit the amount of salt in the dishes and not sabrelite their seasonings.
From drinks suitable weak sweetened tea, milk, broth hips, mineral water without gas. Offer the child milk drinks, but don't insist if he doesn't like – in the acute period of the disease even sour yogurt can irritate the sores on the oral mucosa.
Acidic juices and fruit drinks replace fruit drinks. Sweets - cookies, candy – defer until recovery. Allowed baked apples, mashed non-acidic fruit (apples, bananas, pears).
If the child chose one or two meals and refuses any other food, don't fret – feed your baby what he likes, with the beginning of recovery it will return to normal appetite.
Advice 2: Than rinse your mouth with stomatitis
With a thrush infection in their lives, perhaps, have met every second. This is when the gums, tongue or inner surface of the cheeks due to certain diseases, mechanical damage or lack of hygiene of the oral cavity white sores emerge.
Causes of stomatitis
Most often thrush appears when the incorrect tooth brushing old toothbrush. Hard bristles scratch the gums and enter the bacteria. The gums swell, and the next day at the site of injury forms a few small white spots.
Ulcers on inner surface of cheeks, can talk about some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, etc.).
Multiple ulcers and white patches can be symptoms of allergic stomatitis, dehydration, anemia, and even the initial stage of HIV disease. To determine the cause of stomatitis can be a doctor.
The treatment of stomatitis
To reduce swelling in damaged gums and stop the formation of new ulcers will help special dental ointments or gels.
For example, the gel "Metrogyl Denta". The main ingredients of this gel are the metronidazole and chlorhexidine.
After eating you should rinse your mouth with boiled water and a cotton swab to apply the gel in a thin layer on the affected areas of the oral cavity. It is enough to apply two to three times a day for 5-7 days. Immediately after applying the gel may feel light, but pleasant chill. This means that the gel started to operate.
Contraindications to the use of the gel are intolerance to the components included in its composition, the first trimester of pregnancy, lactation and children up to age 6 years.
Common treatment for stomatitis is a mouth rinse infusions and decoctions of medicinal herbs.
Propolis tincture is a unique antiseptic in stomatitis and is worth a penny, you can buy it at any pharmacy. Teaspoon of tincture added to a glass of warm boiled water with a volume of 250 ml and proceed to rinse. The frequency of gargling with tincture of propolis in the absence of Allergy can increase to 6 times a day. Every time the water needs to be fresh.
Also good for rinsing with stomatitis decoctions of chamomile and oak bark. For convenience, these herbs acquire bags. Two bags brewed in 100 ml of boiling water and allow to infuse for 15-20 minutes. Rinsing is preferably carried out after a meal. Oak bark has an astringent effect and perfectly eliminates bad breath, and chamomile disinfects and helps regenerate cells.
Some use mouthwash when dissolved in water, two tablets furatsilina. Furatsilin has a broad spectrum antimicrobial action, but prolonged use may cause allergic dermatitis.
Prevention of stomatitis
Thoroughly, but gently conduct hygienic procedures of the oral cavity. A toothbrush should be changed every six months and every month clean with a solution of salt (leave for 15 minutes in a warm salt solution) to avoid accumulation of bacteria. Choose toothbrushes with bristles of medium hardness. Do not be lazy to watch a video tutorial in the Internet on proper technique of cleaning teeth.
Avoid frequent use of alcohol mouthwash, not to destroy useful microflora in the oral cavity. This also applies to dental floss and toothpicks.
Dentists recommend rinsing your mouth after every meal. You need to rinse with boiled or mineral water without gas. You can use the same herbs for the prevention of, and such trouble as stomatitis will pass you.
Advice 3: Is it possible to feed an old cat
Cats, like people, eventually grow old. And if the person is quite old, the old age of the cat starts as early as 7 years. But the proper and healthy feeding, physical activity and regular medical checks can prevent many diseases in old age, thus prolonging the life of old animals as long as possible.
What to feed an old cat with chronic diseases?
To old age, cats may appear some health problems. And if a healthy cat will continue to eat as before, the old people with diseases should reconsider your diet. Because the power depends on many things: how to behave in the disease, and how it will feel animal. Proper feeding in this old age will help to avoid unnecessary weight and complications of chronic diseases.
Cats who suffer renal failure (CRF), drink lots of fluids. If the animal with KHNP's drinking enough, he fluid is introduced intravenously to the body does not dehydrate. Dry food can also lead to dehydration, so it is recommended that cats with KHNP translate into wet food. Wet food should be low in potassium, phosphorus and various nutritional supplements. In the feed must contain substances that remove excess phosphorus (it affects the kidneys.
Old cats often suffer from dental disease. Is stomatitis, gingivitis, tooth decay or Tartar. In such diseases it is recommended to purchase special feed with large thick pieces. The cat will have to chew, and this is a good prevention of Tartar.
Increasingly found among old cats disease hyperthyroidism. It is the excess of thyroid hormones, which are produced from a tumor in the thyroid. Because of this, the cat has increased appetite, reduced weight, anxiety. Veterinarians in hyperthyroidism recommend feeding wet food based on chicken, veal, beef or lamb. Choose pet food in Tetra packs (like Rascal) or plastic bags (like Yams or Eukanuba), but not in metal cans.
Cats-the old people often suffer from chronic constipation. This is due to decreased physical activity. In this case it is necessary to enter into the diet more fiber (vegetables, bran, cellulose) or dry feed with a high moisture content. Feed with such additives can also help cats with diabetes and suffering from colitis.
Cats suffering from inflammation of the bowels and anal glands, can eat foods, which contain easily digestible protein.
Cats with heart problems are recommended food with a high content of taurine. But the sodium content in such feed should be much lower.
Cats who have had cancer, should be on the antioxidant diet.
Cats in old age become picky in choosing food. It happens that the pet begins to eat what was not eaten. This is due to the fact that old age gustatory nerves lose sensitivity. In the diet of older cats should be more high quality fats. They awaken the appetite capricious animals to their strong odor. Diversify the diet of the old man liver, chicken breast, beef heart, offal. Vegetables offer him the beans, zucchini or pumpkin.
Fish should not be given to a cat at any age, and in the old. It contains a lot of phosphorus, which is poorly excreted from the body and harm the kidneys.
If the cat has sore gums, he will refuse solid food. In such cases, offer strong animal broths from veal or beef, Dobrev their meat sauce and oatmeal. Such a diet will quickly calm troubled gums. Later, you can offer the cat a soft boiled meat, cut into small long pieces so the cat could eat them without chewing.
Old cat with diseased teeth should not offer solid foods. Perfect oatmeal with minced meat, milk soup with rice, yogurt, cottage cheese, scrambled eggs with a small amount of oil, the grated cucumber.
With constipation always add 1 teaspoon of bran for feeding. Fiber will help to normalize the stool of the cat. In natural nutrition, always use the vegetables, they are also rich in fiber.
Feeding old cats avoid high-protein food. Feed low-calorie food, so the cat is not gaining weight. It is better to give food often but in small portions. In natural food to add vitamins, especially A, b, B6, B12, E, C and glucosamine. They strengthen the internal organs of old animals and keeping them in shape.
Advice 4: How to stop feeding baby
Despite the fact that breastfeeding provides all the needs of a newborn, sooner or later the day comes when the child must be weaned from the breast. Stop feeding your child is not easy, but if you adhere to certain rules, then the child will survive the separation from a loved product easier.
Start with reducing the number of breastfeeding, leaving the morning and evening. During the day, try to switch the attention to something more fun, as sometimes the child may ask for the breast, not because hungry, but simply out of habit.
Hardest not to feed the baby at night because many children used to fall asleep with the breast. Feed your baby at night more tightly, so he did not require the chest due to hunger. The process of weaning the individual at the time, be prepared for the fact that first, the baby may fuss and cry.
Do not try to replace milk, compote or juice as an alternative is suitable only for clean water. To the sweet juice children adjust very quickly, and a peaceful night's sleep you can forget.
Having made the decision to stop feeding, be strong. If occasionally to meet the requirements of the child, the process will extend indefinitely and will be more painful for both of its participants.
Keep in mind that in the period of teething, during illness or in the heat of summer to stop feeding is not recommended, as it will be an additional stress for the child.
The less is the attachment to the breast, the faster stop lactation and breast feeding will be completed in a natural way.
For children under the age of two years, which is already possible to negotiate, there is another traditional method is to smear Breasts with green paint and tell them she was sick. Sometimes this method works, as appetite such a sight is not easy.
The most radical way to end breast feeding is to be away from home for a few days, entrusting the care of close relatives. But this method is not too good for the child's mind, as suddenly the kid changes the whole way of life: he loses and milk, and mom. It is far better to wean the baby gradually.
Advice 5: How to feed if a crack in the nipple
Breastfeeding, especially in the first weeks, you may experience cracked nipples. Several reasons for this - lack of training of the mammary glands, improper feeding technique, hypovitaminosis, a General weakening of the woman's body. These cracks slowly heal, become inflamed and can lead to mastitis.
You will need
- Nipple, straps to wear the bra, sea buckthorn oil, ointment "Bepanten".
If the cracks are not very large, feed the child through a special lining made of fine silicone, sold in pharmacies. They create a separation layer between the mother's nipple and the mouth of a baby. Of course, they will not eliminate pain, but still could save her and help to preserve breastfeeding in this difficult period.
If the cracks are deep and feed the baby it becomes impossible because of severe pain, you should pause feeding to their healing. Express the milk, not touching the nipple, in a sterile dish and feed your baby using a pacifier. Additional sterilization of milk is not necessary. A break in feeding is an extreme measure, do it responsibly.
Purchase pads for the chest, which is designed to be worn in the bra. They do not allow fabrics linen fit snugly and hurt nipples. These devices have holes for air circulation, which speeds up the healing process.
After feeding grease nipples ointments containing lanolin. Very effective and safe remedy is the ointment "Bepanten". It contains provitamin B5, which nourishes the skin and promotes its quick healing. Do not use unless absolutely necessary Zelenka, alcohol-containing solutions, as the breast skin is very dry from these funds.
Leave the chest open after feeding or pumping for a few minutes. Grease cracks his colostrum or milk and Pat dry. Breast milk contains immunoglobulins that protect against germs and viruses.
Stick to certain rules during feeding. Feed frequently and for a long time, long breast sucking provokes maceration of the skin. Change the position of the baby. At the end of the feeding properly take chest. Don't do it through force, in this case increases the risk of damage to the nipple and areola. If the baby does not let go the nipple, lightly pinch his nose. Apply ice to the nipple to reduce the pain before feeding.