Advice 1: Philosophy and mythology: similarities and differences

Mythology and philosophy are two distinct forms of creation, two types of worldview. The emerging philosophy borrowed from the mythology of the main issues, formulate them in a more clear form.
Philosophy and mythology: similarities and differences

The origin of philosophy, its relationship to mythology



Myths are ancient tales about fantastic creatures, heroes and gods, at the same time, is a collection of views of people and their beliefs. For ancient human mythology was not a fairy tale, giving human qualities to natural phenomena or animals, she helped the man navigate the world, was a kind of practical guidance.

Mythology is a way of understanding the world characteristic of earlier stages of social development, oldest type of worldview. In mythology there is almost no rational beginning. When there is doubt, conjecture, and logical analysis of mythological consciousness is destroyed and in its place is emerging a philosophy.

The distinctive features of the mythological way of understanding the philosophical



Mythological cognition is characterized by the inability to separate man from nature, very often the natural forms give human traits, and fragments of the space obselete. One of the varieties of mythology, animism is associated with the animation of inanimate nature. Fetishism is another type of mythology, when things or elements attribute supernatural properties, totemism endows animals with supernatural abilities.

Unlike mythology, philosophy brings to the fore logical analysis, conclusions, evidence, and generalizations. It reflects the growing society the need to understand the world and its evaluation from the standpoint of reason and knowledge. Gradually logical analysis began to displace the fantastic invention, to replace the mythological worldview it's philosophical.

Ancient Greek philosophy and mythology



There is a clear link between ancient Greek philosophy and mythology, which is typical not only for the Milesian school, but for later philosophical doctrines of Elea, the Pythagoreans and Plato. Myth was the first attempt to answer the question: what, how and why arose everything that exists in the world. In other words, in the ancient Greek texts of the mythological nature of accumulated knowledge and made the first attempts to explain the origin of the world.

Mythology has created some typical structures that have underpinned the nascent Greek philosophy. Her birth was an integral part of the cultural upheaval in Ancient Greece. Philosophy has absorbed the most valuable achievements of a culture and gradually transformed into independent spiritual realm, which arose science.

Advice 2: The difference and similarities of prokaryotes and eukaryotes

Types of cell are called prokaryotes, ancient organisms. Its name they received because of their lack of cell nucleus. Eukaryotes - cells containing a nucleus.
The difference and similarities of prokaryotes and eukaryotes

Prokaryotes are United in one Kingdom - Drobinki. To this Kingdom also includes blue-green algae and bacteria.

Prokaryotic cells are much less eukaryotic. Their size does not exceed typically 10 microns.

Circular DNA in prokaryotes is located in the center of the cell and does not have a shell. It is located in the cytoplasm. Eukaryotes, on the contrary, DNA stored in the nucleus, which is absent in their predecessors.

Eukaryotes and prokaryotes outside covered with plasma membrane. In prokaryote cells missing EPS - endoplasmic reticulum, plastids, mitohondrii, lysosomes and the Golgi complex. The function of these membrane organelles perform mesosoma.

Eukaryotes typically are aerobic. They use oxygen in energy metabolism. Prokaryotes, by contrast, are anaerobic and oxygen is harmful.

Prokaryotic cells reproduce asexually. In other words, they share. Their DNA doubles and the cell divides in half in the transverse plane. Such cells are able to divide every 20 minutes, but it is only in favorable conditions, which can not be.

Prokaryotes also do not have the digestive vacuoles, are not capable of mitosis and meiosis and gametes.

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