The ability of turtles to learn
If you ask people what animals are the most intelligent, many will answer that it is a dog or a cat. This is partly true, these four-legged friends are very smart, and only they have the intelligence. Reasonable pet can execute commands to communicate with the owner, know their place.
Experts have found that the turtle, although he did not have outstanding intellectual capacities, but still capable of learning. The most successful representatives are the red-eared terrapins. That they can behave as required by the person specifies, for example, that in captivity the animal almost completely abandons the armor, getting used to the permanent place of residence and the lack of need to defend. At the same time, realizing that there is nothing to fear, the pet becomes lazy and inert. So the owner just need from time to time to engage in training, play with the turtle.
What can we teach the turtle?
The turtle can be taught easy trick with food. For this you need to build her a trough of complex shape and put in any compartment of the trough feed. Soon the turtle will be to guess where lies the delicacy and ease will find it.
Also the turtle can be taught without fear, take food from your palm. After a while she'll get used to what you feed it, and will perceive you as a breadwinner. As a result, you can achieve what it is you will be met at the threshold (as do cats and dogs). If the turtle quite often you scratch, it also can be unlearned.
Turtles really like different toys. They, like cats, can play with the ball. But as the biologists would say, it's just a reaction to a foreign object. Put 2 weeks in an aquarium with turtle ball small size and bright colors. After some time the turtle starts to push his nose. And if you put a mirror, a tortoise, staring at his own reflection, will think it's another turtle, the result will be to behave aggressively.
As for the toilet, the turtle often come to a certain place, mostly a place where she eats. Many turtles can be retrained to walk to the other corner of the aquarium.
Do not be afraid to communicate with your pet. Over time, your pet will change his mind and will fulfil your requests. And you in turn can teach it different tricks and simple games.
Advice 2: How to feed pond slider turtles
Slider turtles eat mainly food of animal origin, but also happy to consume and combined. Need to buy food suitable for cold-blooded animals, although they are happy to eat dog food and cats, but it is much more calories than you need. Sometimes it is possible to produce in a small aquarium of live fish, which they later eat. In the terrarium must contain algae, otherwise the turtle will be uncomfortable.
Before feeding, if the food was in the fridge, it needs to warm up to room temperature.
Give the turtle food the usual way for her. Some good take with it, other pieces of food is served with a pair of tweezers or thrown into the water.
Once the turtle has eaten, she usually takes about 30 minutes, remove the uneaten food from the terrarium. If this is not done, the water very quickly begins to disappear and it has to change outdoor.
In some cases, a turtle out there on the Islands of land. If it is trained to eat on land, the problems with the change of water will not. When you do not get pieces of food, it needs to be changed rarely.
Some fans of cold-blooded animals that lead their Pets in the "restaurant". To do this, collect water, familiar to the turtles temperature in the basin. Then gently move the animal and feed it, then put back in the terrarium. This is done in order to keep the permanent residence of the turtles.
Young turtles are fed once a day and older ones once in 2-3 days. Food should be feed a variety of animal and vegetable origin. Meat and fish should be low-fat varieties. In food you can add complex vitamin supplements
The main food for turtles red - meat (beef, poultry), fish and offal. Lamb and pork is too fatty food for turtles and give them undesirable. 7. how and where to feed the Turtles? Food should be fresh, high-quality. If it were kept in the refrigerator, it needs to be warm. The red-eared terrapins take the food in the water, but then sometimes crawl out there on the beach. In the water feeds, especially of animal origin are highly perishable.
Correct feeding - the main guarantee of success when the content of freshwater turtles. The majority of foods that usually offer pond slider turtles (meat, bloodworms, squid, are adequate only for the amount of protein. Young turtles (up to 2 years old) can be fed daily. Adult turtles should be fed 2-3 times a week. D. B. Vasiliev. And myself, I want to add to the article of Dmitry Borisovich such a warning. If you wish to buy a small slider turtle should be taken into account that the proportions just...
Advice 3: How to make an aquarium for turtles
Buying turtles, we must remember that these crumbs in a year can reach 30 cm. In order not to spend money twice, it is better to take care of them appropriate for the aquarium (it is desirable that the volume of the tank was of 100 liters and more). But, even if you bought a large aquarium, it immediately becomes fit for your Pets. First, it needs a little work.
You will need
- Glass aquarium or aquarium of non-toxic plastic, piece of glass or plastic for the manufacture of beach, large stones and shells, incandescent, UV lamp, heater.
Your turtlese need a place where she can bask in the sun (in your variant – under the lamp). For the manufacture of such Bank, take a piece of glass or non-toxic plastic and position it under the lamp. Shore needs to be tilted to turtlee was easier to climb. Distance from the shore to the rim of the aquarium should be at least 30 cm, otherwise your pet can escape. Decorate a shore with pebbles, or driftwood.
The soil for aquatic turtles is not required, but often it is like by aquarists, as it performs a decorative function. In any case do not take the fine soil, sand, pebbles – they all make turtle bowel obstruction. Also not suitable for plastic or glass pebbles – your Pets they will bite. Put the bottom large stones, more heads of turtlesand, and shells. In addition to its aesthetic function, the shell will saturate the water with calcium.
Attach to the aquarium for your turtle incandescent lamp and the UV lamp. The temperature under the bulb should be 29-31 degrees. To include such light should be on 10-12 hours every day.
The final touch is the water heater. Do not spare money on good brand, as there were cases when cheap heaters have Kolotilo, and turtlesand died. To turtlesnot interested in this device, it can be placed under the decorative island, a castle, or simply to fence off the stones.
Advice 4: How to change the water in the aquarium for turtles
Turtles often kept in apartment as a pet. For keeping aquatic turtles is necessary vivariums made of glass, Plexiglas or plastic. To pet is not sick, the water should be changed periodically.
You will need
- - bucket or other capacity;
- - baking soda;
- - the brush.
The water in the aquarium with the turtle needs to be changed 1-2 times a week. If the container is equipped with a filter, it can be done less frequently since water will remain longer clean. Without a filter and change water liquid fast and dirty blooms, in such circumstances, the animal will be sick more often.
Remove the turtle from the aquarium and place it on the time change of water in a Cup, deep bowl or bucket where it will not be able to get out. Be careful not to drop the pet, and keep in mind that it can scratch or bite, trying to escape from his hands. Leave bucket in safe place.
Drain the water from the tank and remove all accessories. Clean it from the inside without the use of chemical agents. Grate the terrarium except that ordinary baking soda, but after that, wash the powder off the sides. Several times enter the water in a container and pour it.
Wash hands, stones, driftwood and all that was in the vivariums. The soil when the content of water turtles is not required. Disassemble the filter and wash it. Assemble back and tightly secure in place.
Place the accessories back into the aquarium and fill it with warm filtered water. If you put a turtle in cold water, it may get sick. The optimum water temperature is 20-26oC.
Inspect the very turtle, clean the shell with a brush (you can use a toothbrush). Return the pet to the aquarium. You can immediately start to swim, and can be put on an island and wait, when she will crawl in clean warm water.
Drying in an aquarium with a turtle needs to take at least a quarter of the total area. The access road to it is desirable to make the inclined, so that the animal would climb onto the shore to rest and bask.
Advice 5: How to feed water turtles
Increasingly in modern homes contain water turtles. The most common representatives of meadow and marsh species. They are beautiful and pleasing to the eye with its slow movement in the aquarium. To provide aquatic turtles, living conditions, you need to know the peculiarities of its feeding.
You will need
- - lean beef;
- - chicken;
- - beef liver and heart;
- - shrimp;
- - snails and slugs;
- - floating plants;
- - vitamins and minerals.
Make a diet kormanyanak reptiles need to feed protein foods: beef and chicken, fish, beef liverand heart. Offer turtlese once a week finely chopped raw beef liver, heart and fish. Moreover, if the fish of the sea, it should be soaked and a small river good to eat immediately. Separate only large fish bones, cut the meat into pieces and feed the turtles. A special place in the diet is crab meat and unshelled shrimp is a treat for reptiles and are very good for their shell.
Treat turtles in addition to meat and fish be sure to give the adult turtlese cockroaches, beetles, larvae of the flour beetle and water snails: the great pond snail and the coil horn. In the warm period of the year do not be lazy to collect caterpillars, earthworms and slugs. Grow in a separate tank the duckweed, gigrofily and bacopa - adult turtlescan eat plants. Buy turtlesfrom lettuce and dandelion, putting them on the surface of the water.
Make a feeding diet for young cerapachyinae individuals need to be carefully chosen menu. A diverse diet contributes to the proper development of the carapace, and the growth of kids. In the first 3 months of life let meadow plankton – it contains a lot of insects trapped there while mowing the grass. Supplement during this period will be a special dry mixture containing fish flakes (10 %), shrimp (50 %) and amphipod (40 %). Don't forget to add in food vitamin D – it is vital for the turtles. In addition, the growth of shell food enrich in calcium, trace elements and other vitamins. For kids, whose length is 6 cm, you must daily 0.2 g of different components. If the size of the turtles more than 6 cm, add to her feed each day 0.5 g of vitamins.
Observe the amount eaten turtlesOh feed for 30 minutes – this is enough time for saturation. The food was not continue to offer it exactly the same. The frequency of feeding depends on the age of reptiles. Young individuals up to 2 years and pregnant females should eat daily, and the diet should be varied, with the inclusion of eating large amounts of calcium. Adult turtlesam over 2 years as a full feeding 2-3 times a week.
Choose a way to carmineeternity turtleshave: to put food into the water, give food with tweezers, or leave food on the deck near the water. The size of the cooked pieces directly related to the size of the individual. Prevent water contaminated from food residue, feed the reptile with the help of tweezers not only cut meat, but granular and dry food. If you are not suitable – offer turtleam food on the beach. That leftover food was not cleared, leave it in the cage for no more than 2-3 hours.
Don't let the turtles only delicious food – they will quickly get used to it and abandon everything else.
Reptiles love to eat in the morning. Take care to avoid strong smells and loud noises at this time – it can disrupt normal digestion.