Advice 1: The technique of diagnostics of socio-psychological adaptation preschoolers

In the preschool age, it is important to determine the level of socio-psychological adaptation of the child, as soon he will become a disciple. The school requires the child owning certain skills. For example, it needs to be alert and focused for a long time, keep in mind the task and gradually perform, hear, and abide by the instructions of an adult. In addition, the kid needs to be ready to communicate with their peers and understand the rules of behavior in society. It is therefore important to timely identify and correct violations of the child's adaptation.
The technique of diagnostics of socio-psychological adaptation preschoolers
The proposed method of diagnostics of socio-psychological adaptation designed taking into account age features of children of preschool age. It consists of two parts. In the first part used projective drawing "House. Tree. Man." The analysis is performed by the child of the picture allows to determine the level of its identity. The second part consists of a questionnaire for parents and educators. The questionnaire identifies the development of basic social skills, self-control.

What will tell picture "House. Tree. People."



To perform the task the child is asked to draw on different sheets of paper house, tree and person. For drawing it is customary to use pencils or paint.

At the same time evaluates the ability to execute. The child is given the instruction: "On the table lay three squares and pencils. At first draw a house on the second tree, the third person. When you're done, put your pencils and show me the drawings."

The finished figure is estimated on the basis of the main indicators - the plot, the colors used, the method of images, the degree of pressure. After the execution of the drawings needed to ask the child his interpretation of the images. Often the child during the meeting reports important diagnostic information.

Anxiety and self-doubt is expressed in the figure in the form of small pieces, a strong push, active hatching, the abundance of black color, the image shift in a corner or to the side, a great number of details.

Expressed the problems of consciousness can say the image of a withered tree, the categorical rejection of the assignment.
The long neck of the person indicates a desire to follow the rules, big hands can talk about the sociability of the child.

The use of the questionnaire



A comprehensive diagnosis of the child's adaptation is impossible without observing them. The proposed questionnaire aimed at diagnostics of the behavior and the level of formation of social skills of the child. Parents and caregivers are asked to Express agreement or disagreement with the following statements.

The proposed questionnaire consists of 15 statements.

1. Child easily goes on contact with children on the Playground
2. Feel free communicating with familiar adults
3. Easily making conversation with strangers
4. Adequately responds to the comments of adults
5. Comply with the rules of the game
6. Holds attention during class
7. Executes orders of adults
8. Has the basic skills of personal hygiene
9. Rarely come into conflict with other children
10. Polite to adults and peers
11. Independently cope with the difficulties in work
12. Recently changed, new interests
13. The garden became uninteresting to the child
14. Stubbornly defends his opinion
15. Any job cause a lot of excitement

For each positive answer is assigned 1 point, a negative response is not evaluated. More than 12 points indicate a high level of development of social skills. Less than 6 points - a low level.

Qualitative analysis of the results obtained on both components of the technique allows to determine the level of socio-psychological adaptation of the child and to identify problems.

Advice 2: What will tell a child's drawing

Child psychology has long been engaged in the study of the drawings, as it is for them to judge the emotional state of the child in General or in a specific period of baby's life.
What will tell a child's drawing

Details about the psychology of children's drawings can be found in the writings of John. Dileo, A. L. Wenger, M. Lusher. Here are the General criteria for evaluating children's drawings. First, in order to assess the pattern, give your child complete creative freedom: give a few sheets of paper, lots of colored pencils, don't limit it in time, and don't tell me what to draw. Second, a single picture can tell only about the momentary state of its author; to draw conclusions about the General condition of the child, you must perform some works painted at different times.

What should you look for when assessing a picture? Here is a small list of basic criteria.

Colors. This is the most important factor that is evaluated first.

The pressure of the pencil - indicates the psychomotor condition of the child. For example, shy children are doing very weak pressure, and impulsive, on the contrary, press on the pencil too much. Hyperactive and conflict children are painting so that the pencil may even tear the sheet.

The size of the picture. The pattern should not be too small or not fit on the sheet.

The location of the picture. If the child is selfish, having high self-esteem, and to draw it will be only in the upper part of the sheet. But if there is a little items at the bottom or in a corner of the sheet, it speaks about the emotional troubles.

The detail of images. Children are very creative and in detail, all draws.

The pace of work. Passive children draw slowly and reluctantly. If fast and sloppy, it indicates hyperactivity of the author.

Talking to the child while drawing. Well, if the child says and happily explains that he draws. If he does not want to draw, so he's tired, or emotionally depressed.

Ultimately, the insights about emotional instability, or depression kid can only be done after studying several drawings, and then, if they found several disturbing factors.

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