In each text there are main and secondary. The ability to identify the main can help to shorten the text document by 50%.

Strong positions of the text

To learn written – so first of all to understand what was going on in the text, to grasp its essence. Easier to remember and understand the main and most important than the text as a whole. Remember that any text has multiple "strong" positions. First is the heading, and the subheadings under them. Do not ignore the position of the text, as in the title logically is imposed the basic, what will be discussed in the text. This is the first step to understanding the main ideas of the text. Second, the beginning of the text is important for the disclosure of his main thoughts.

Looking for the main

In expanded texts can be realized not just one but several thoughts. But among them it is necessary to find and isolate the main. For this, you should read the text carefully, slowly, with pencil in hand, marking as you go is important, in your opinion, words, phrases. In the opinion of the teacher Kamensky, the original attitude of thoughtful reading improves its digestibility several times. When re-reading when meaning is written for you already cleared, a list of key words and phrases should be slightly reduced, about 5 times.

Then you should raise the question: which of the highlighted phrases to Express the most essence of writing, the main idea of the text, its theme. And those few words and perhaps just one phrase that will remain with you, and will be the core of the text you're looking for. To check the correctness of their conclusions, try to isolate you deploy the phrase. If you get a text similar to the original, then you are right.

Also to check, whether correctly you understood the meaning of the text, see end of text. This is the third "strong" position of the text along with the header and the beginning of the test. It also should not be ignored, it will help you to isolate the main thing.

Help finding the main ideas in the text will have a plan. It may consist of several paragraphs. Their number may be equal to the number of paragraphs in the text. Because a paragraph is a logical division of the text on microtomy.

The ability to identify in the text the main thing – an important component of intelligence. Such a skill be sure to purchase. Practice on the selection of the main text not only in school lessons or work, but also when reading Newspapers, magazines and books.