Determine the theme of the text, answering the question: "What interests the author of the text?" The answer to this question comes easily for granted, especially if the topic is reflected in the title directly. When the name uses the metaphor, define the topic, reading the text paragraphs. Assume that the topic — marking of the subject of speech (what is said in the text about any vital events, issues), and the main idea is the author's attitude to the subject matter of the question, his score depicted.
Identify the task set by the author of the text. Ask yourself, what did the author want to say on the topic? If he wanted to convey information, to Express their attitude to the problem or focus on a topical issue.
Please note, what is the peculiarity of the author's perception? How the author expresses the estimation of the objects or phenomena that attracted his attention? Lighting range of problems with the author's position is the main purpose and idea of the text.
Answer the question of why the author believes this way? What arguments does the author support his position? Reading the text, pay attention to key words in sentences. Given that the lyrics are written with the use of various techniques of persuasion, hyperbilirubemia, or artistic techniques create brightness and figurativeness of the text, it is possible to separate the secondary from the main words that carry meaning. Thus simplifies the isolation of the main thoughts.
Finally, determine what conclusions does the author? The main idea in the text can be framed as a certain author's conclusion, which brings the author and reader. When answering questions lean on those speech tools that the author uses. In other words, quote, if you perform academic or analytical work, it will allow you not to be unfounded. Conversely, formulate the main idea in your own words for yourself, to further its understanding and memorization of the text.
Advice 2: How to determine the idea of the text
The idea of the text is easy enough to determine once you read or listen to the text. Or before writing your own work on a given topic. A few simple recommendations will help you to easily cope with the task.
Note that the definition of ideas refers to the process of linguistic analysis of the text. Along with the idea of this analysis in the text also defined the theme and form, that is, the type, composition, style, and figurative-expressive means.
Please note that the idea of the text is recommended to designate the writing of essays on any topic, the analysis of the text, and when writing special works on the subject of defining the idea of the text or linguistic analysis in General. In any case, before writing the essay you have to imagine what will be the idea of your text, so defining ideas of his own works is recommended prior to performing the work.
Keep in mind that the word "idea" translates from Greek as "shape, a prototype", in fact means the mental prototype of any phenomena, objects, or principles, which displays their essence, essential characteristics. Thus, in the literature the idea is called main idea of the work, the author or the most important part of the plan.
For the analysis of existing text to read or listen to a work of art with pencil in hand.
Try briefly to fix the replays. Usually by means of repetition, the author concentrates the reader's attention to any details.
Think about the text. Try to find an answer to the question: why is it written? For which the author worked on the product, spend your time and energy? For what purpose was the creation of a work? I wanted to tell the author in this text? What he tries to call? In other words, what problem or question the writer wanted to focus on.
Try not to confuse the idea of the text with the theme. The theme is determined by the answer to the question: what is a text? The idea, unlike threads, can have a deeper meaning.