Advice 1: What is the law

We live in a legal state. This means that life in our country is subject to the rules and principles of law, the rule of law. Therefore, each person must be legally competent and educated to understand their rights, duties and responsibilities. For these purposes there is a law.
What is the law
Jurisprudence is the totality of the Sciences of law, which is the basis of jurisprudence. Discipline, "law" is included in the curriculum of the senior classes to familiarize students with basic legal concepts and laws. In addition, with the help of law students are aware of their rights and duties, about the responsibility that may occur as a result of committing any offenses.

The main task of the law - improving the legal knowledge of the population, so it's never too early to talk about the basics of law for their child. Usually parents first begin to legally educate their children in the field of traffic rules because road users are not only drivers, but also pedestrians, cyclists. From observing simple rules on the roads sometimes depend on human life.

Many crimes, as it is not obvious, are committed because of lack of knowledge about the country's existing laws, so the authorities need to pay increased attention to legal education of its citizens. Moreover, it is important for Russia, where the law is subject to frequent editing. A legally literate society more organized, it significantly lowered the threshold of crime. To live in a peaceful and educated country pleasant and safe.

Thus, to study law is not only interesting but also useful. It is important that the school lecturer in law has managed to interest the students, to tell about the great importance and practical value of the studied issues. Good idea to dilute the theory of applied materials, stories, tips. In the same way is to act and parents. Continuously improve their legal literacy and don't forget to share the acquired experience with their children. After all, knowledge in the field of law are never superfluous.

Advice 2: What is the law

The term "jurisprudence" comes from the Latin word iurisprudentia, which is derived from the words iuris (law) and prudential (knowledge, science). In Russian language this concept came first as "law". And if the latter concept is now associated with subjects in school, jurisprudence is a science of law, which are taught in institutions of higher education.
What is the law
"Big law dictionary" gives a definition of law as "social science and profession, studying law as a special system of social norms, and also legal forms of organization and activities of States, the political system of society". Another definition of law is: "theoretical form and a way of organizing legal knowledge." With such knowledge, lawyers are called upon to ensure law and order and to monitor the implementation of legal norms in all spheres of public life.
Studying at a higher education institution in the appropriate direction, future lawyer possesses fundamental and specialized knowledge in the field of jurisprudence. In some Universities discipline specialty starts from the first training, others with the second or third. Vary the timing of training in this area. Universities offer two programs in the specialty "Jurisprudence": the first is the training of lawyers within five years and receive a diploma of a specialist in accordance with the second six years, taking into account the requirements of the Bologna Declaration – bachelor (4 years) and master (2 years). Some law schools combine both of these programs give applicants a choice.
Law as a profession, has in its structure several specializations. They differ from each other by a set of disciplines that have an impact on the choice of profession in future activities. The main specializations of law are:
- state legal;
- civil law;
international law;
- criminal law.
In law, a separate, specifically-taken specialization, the following disciplines: law, international security, contemporary issues of international law, current problems of international law, international human rights law, etc.

Advice 3: What is human values

It often happens that people with different values can not understand and accept each other. One person sees the world from one angle, the other with another. But there is a single point, a single value or even an entire system of values, to which any man is ready to lay his head?
What is human values

Society and man

Human values – it is primarily something to aspire to society and each person individually, because to follow the higher ideals that are embedded in the subconscious, is vital. Otherwise, humanity will go stale.

It happens so that the society promotes wrong human values. The most prominent example is Nazi Germany. As a result we can draw two conclusions. First, human values lays the society itself and those who control it. Second, incorrect values lead to global destruction.

Human values can be divided into different categories. Many philosophers tried to do. For example, Alfred Adler singled out the physical, emotional and intellectual values. The psychologist Gordon Allport has identified six categories. The simplest division is the category of the material and the spiritual.

In any case, you need to understand that human values belong to each person separately, and it can take them as you like, depending on its moral foundations.

Spiritual wings

"Faith in higher values and ideals gives them spiritual wings" - said Likhachev. People with high morality, will try to follow. But there is often a dissonance between personal values and values of society.

It is believed that modern society has corporealism potential. That money replaced love and kindness, and blame the new generation and time. But the struggle between the value of material goods and spiritual values continues for a very long time and will continue for many years.

But it cannot be denied that the consumer society really exists. This is due to the fact that a person who can not defend their own moral principles, there is a substitution of values. Moral values change on benefit and need.

This is not to say that the person who seeks to financially support himself and his family, morally compromised. Because, really, without money it is difficult to live – it is a necessary good. The difference is that they should be exactly so much, how many is enough, no more. Persons should not put material above a decent moral life.

The only way to protect yourself from the process of substitution values is to read quality literature. Books recognized as classics, keep answers to questions about these values.

Letters Likhachev

D. S. Likhachev in his work "Letter about the good and the beautiful" attempts from some parties to disclose the concept of human values. The most important value he believes the life of others, their animals and plants. He says that life has no boundaries, and we must learn to feel and see the intangible.

The time and skill that teaches kindness – the same core values at the Likhachev.

For an individual people value is its culture and language, But for all of humanity, beauty and love.

To talk about human values is very difficult, since each of these values on your own. As a result, to summarize and make a list of human values is also very difficult. Some philosophers say that the universal values does not exist. But, anyway, they exist inside every living on the planet of man.

Advice 4: What is the Sunnah in Islam

Sunna in Arabic means tradition, practice, law making. This is the first writing was the actions and sayings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
What is the Sunnah in Islam
The Sunnah is second only to the Koran source of Islamic traditions and practices. It includes the so – called hadiths- stories that were originally passed from mouth to mouth, and in VIII-IX centuries were recorded and compiled into collections. There are six recognized by the Islamic collections of hadith. The most authoritative of them is the collection of Abu Abdullah al-Busari "Al-Sahid", written in the IX century.

The types and structure of hadith

Each hadith consists of 2 parts: the isnad – the chain of transmitters of information, with which it was compiled, and matn – the text of the tradition. All the hadith of the Sunnah are divided into four types. Historical recount events from the life of Muhammad. In the prophetic hadith the preacher gives predictions about various events and related to the events of future disasters. In the hadith about the virtues of the prophet enumerates the merits of the Arab tribes. The most valuable is considered a sacred hadith, as they mouth of Muhammad says Allah himself.

The Sunnah is designed to ensure that the Islamic world followed the prophet in life, and in his words. To some extent, the Sunnah can be compared with the Jewish Talmud.

A typical structure of an isnad looks the following way: ”Said this man from the words such and such a person that he heard from such and such a person, to whom the prophet said the following words...”. Followed by MTN in which the written speech of Mohammed.

A modern interpretation of the Sunnah

During the life of the companions of Muhammad the authenticity of the collected hadiths, no one in doubt. However, after their death have become new traditions, and then appeared specially Islamic theological discipline, who checked its authenticity, uncritically many sources of information. On the basis of these studies subsequently, was laid on Arabic Philology.

Collectors and critics of hadith called makhaldiani. They fulfilled the role of the ideologues of the Islamic faith. Subsequently, many of them founded their own schools of jurisprudence.

The modern historian is quite obvious that a contradiction of the Sunnah explains the situational nature of the sayings of Muhammad. They have changed along with changes of political situation in the Arab world that was not obvious to contemporaries of the prophet. Because of the uncertainties in the interpretations arose a science, characterized the individual hadith. And in the Islamic world for many centuries there were debates about the interpretation of certain lines.
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