Advice 1: How to improve clay soil

Clay is a secondary product of the earth's crust. It is a layer of earth at the bottom of a dried-up seas and lakes. Because of this, clay soil contains almost all chemical elements and mineral salts. The clay is very fertile, but extremely difficult for agriculture. Clay is a poor conductor of moisture and air, and accumulated in it, the water can cause rotting of the plant roots.
How to improve clay soil

To on clay soil it was possible to grow something, you need to make it lightweight, warm and breathable.

The cheapest and a long way to improve a heavy clay soil making compost or humus. For compost in the fall to dig up the garden, make a hole about 20 cm All leftovers from vegetables and fruits, and hay, a little fresh cut grass, the leaves lay in the pit, Pereslav the ground. To pour all of this all biological products. And in the spring, before the digging, the garden is sprinkled with ashes.

Bulk beds. As a basis for such beds is taken every plant debris – stumps, wood chips, branches, sawdust. The garbage is filled with a layer of good land. In such high beds planted plants and shrubs. Due to plant debris, roots is a place for growth and development.

Mulchingis a cover of plowed land with straw, bark or wood chips. This method will help clay soil to dry out and crack in the sun. Mulch prevents weed growth, improves soil acidity and enriches it with nutrients.

More expensive way would be the importation of sand, peat and manure. Sand and peat improves the physical properties of the clay soil and the manure helps to populate it with beneficial microorganisms.

Cover cropsis "green manure". Green manures referred to as rye, wheat, mustard, oats, sweet clover and sunflower. These plants have a strong root system, so they are often planted on clay sites. Green manures protect the soil from bacteria, fertilize it, attract beneficial insects and microorganisms. Such plants also increase the soil fertility. Waseela them every year, poor clay soil in a few seasons it will be loose and easy. Cover crops planted in frost, and the beginning of planting season planting is removed. Thus, the garden is ready for growing any vegetable.

Adding natural fertilizer, we are accelerating boconceptnj. A couple of years instead of clay soil you will have structural, breathable and moisture-absorbing soil.

Advice 2: How to improve soil quality on the site

Lucky those who got the land with the perfect soil. If not, then do not despair. Simple techniques will help elevate the earth, to make it easy, fertile.
How to improve soil quality on the site

Sandstone



Not always loose, sandy soil is the ultimate dream. In the dry summer days the plant it often has to be watered. This land keeps bad moisture, quickly passing it to the internal layers.

The same thing is happening with nutrients in the form of fertilizers. They long are present near the roots of plants, and strive to penetrate deeper and deeper into the bowels of the earth.

To improve the quality of sandy soils will help panowanie. Mark, where are the beds with vegetable crops. At each place the clay and spread it in a layer of 5-7 cm

Such soil is sold quite cheaply. He left after digging the Foundation, the well. If only sandy soil, get an 1 a truck full of this "good". Enough 5-7 cubes on a substantial garden area.

On top of the clay layer can already be put humus mixed with sand. It needs to be at least 25 cm, as for digging the clay ridge should remain in place. It will prevent withdrawal of moisture and nutrients.

The same applies to peat soils. They can improve the same way.

Loam



On a heavy soil, a good harvest should not wait. But such a soil is also possible to gradually Refine it.

The cheapest way to compost. So it does not spoil the view of a suburban area, take him to the secret place. It can be in the corner of the site, behind the barn.

To bring aesthetics in the process of pereprygivaya organic matter will help the iron barrel. Their age is not long. Many gardeners barrels for irrigation eventually start leaking. Do not discard the container.

Place it in a secluded area of the site, burying 20 cm into the ground. Paint the barrel, then it will look beautiful.

Put it grass clippings without seeds, tops of vegetables, except potato, cucumber, tomato, strawberry. As it is late in the season affected by diseases. This tops, weed seeds are burned and the ashes used as a great improver of the soil.

The barrel defines waste kitchen, WC production. Here you can put all the organics, which eventually will perepevat and turn into fertile soil.

Do not forget to tightly close the barrel lid and periodically sandwiching its contents to the ground. Special accelerators in the compost will help it to ferment faster.

You can improve the quality of the soil and on ridges. When the crop is harvested, dig in the middle of the ridge of the shallow trench. Fold here organic remains and bury them with the two sides of the earth. Occasionally watering these areas. Here, then like rain worms, which also contribute to the elevation of the soil.

To improve a heavy clay soil will help purchase the black soil, sand, humus. But these methods are more expensive.

Advice 3: What to plant in clay station

The clay soil at the site is familiar to many gardeners. Below this the soil was loose and fertile, you need to put a lot of effort and time. But the beauty of the yard to see want now, not in a few years. What can be planted on heavy clay soils to delight yourself and guests?
What to plant in clay station
Instruction
1
Trees. On clay soil grow any trees. They have a strong root system, so they germinate easily through the dense layers of the earth, we obtain the depth to moisture and nutrients. The plot can be planted like regular trees (birch, spruce, cedar, juniper) and fruit (viburnum, mountain ash, bird cherry, Apple, cherry). Opt for trees such places in the area where they will not interfere with and will not be felled.
2
Shrubs. Any fruit-bearing bushes (currant, raspberry, BlackBerry) well-accustomed to the clay. But if the summer will be dry, the fruit they will be smaller. To prevent this, the soil under the bushes should be frequently loosened and watered. Better yet, if a place under the bushes to fill with compost and sand. The sand will help the water when watering to get the roots and the compost will give the plant needed nutrients.
3
Flowers. On the clay grow and blossom well unpretentious flowers. It can be perennial asters, daylilies, Hosta, daisies, heliopsis, Turkish carnation or decorative linen. On clay you can put even everyone's favorite roses. But they have little to improve clay soil is to add sand and peat. For whimsical colors better to make high flower-beds. To do this, buy some soil, make compost. Mix them, and build flower beds, planted flowers in them. So you can grow lilies, irises, tulips.
4
Vegetables pure clay is not love. And, accordingly, will not grow in it. For growing most vegetables and herbs have a heavy clay soil need to be processed to a loose and lightweight structure. And in clay you can try to plant potatoes, Jerusalem artichokes, turnips, beets, peas and beans. Of course, they will not give much harvest, but eat enough.
5
On clay you can plant green manure crops. Green manures are plants with a good root system. These include such plants as wheat, oats, rye, mustard. They are planted in early spring, and before planting vegetables cut and buried as fertilizer. Green manure is very beneficial effect on clay soil, soften it, to lure helpful insects and worms.
Useful advice
If you have clay soil in the country, then fertilize it every year in spring and autumn. Over time it will become airy and structural, and you can grow whatever you want.
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