Advice 1: How to improve clay soil

Clay is a secondary product of the earth's crust. It is a layer of earth at the bottom of a dried-up seas and lakes. Because of this, clay soil contains almost all chemical elements and mineral salts. The clay is very fertile, but extremely difficult for agriculture. Clay is a poor conductor of moisture and air, and accumulated in it, the water can cause rotting of the plant roots.
How to improve clay soil

To on clay soil it was possible to grow something, you need to make it lightweight, warm and breathable.

The cheapest and a long way to improve a heavy clay soil making compost or humus. For compost in the fall to dig up the garden, make a hole about 20 cm All leftovers from vegetables and fruits, and hay, a little fresh cut grass, the leaves lay in the pit, Pereslav the ground. To pour all of this all biological products. And in the spring, before the digging, the garden is sprinkled with ashes.

Bulk beds. As a basis for such beds is taken every plant debris – stumps, wood chips, branches, sawdust. The garbage is filled with a layer of good land. In such high beds planted plants and shrubs. Due to plant debris, roots is a place for growth and development.

Mulchingis a cover of plowed land with straw, bark or wood chips. This method will help clay soil to dry out and crack in the sun. Mulch prevents weed growth, improves soil acidity and enriches it with nutrients.

More expensive way would be the importation of sand, peat and manure. Sand and peat improves the physical properties of the clay soil and the manure helps to populate it with beneficial microorganisms.

Cover cropsis "green manure". Green manures referred to as rye, wheat, mustard, oats, sweet clover and sunflower. These plants have a strong root system, so they are often planted on clay sites. Green manures protect the soil from bacteria, fertilize it, attract beneficial insects and microorganisms. Such plants also increase the soil fertility. Waseela them every year, poor clay soil in a few seasons it will be loose and easy. Cover crops planted in frost, and the beginning of planting season planting is removed. Thus, the garden is ready for growing any vegetable.

Adding natural fertilizer, we are accelerating boconceptnj. A couple of years instead of clay soil you will have structural, breathable and moisture-absorbing soil.

Advice 2: What to plant in clay station

The clay soil at the site is familiar to many gardeners. Below this the soil was loose and fertile, you need to put a lot of effort and time. But the beauty of the yard to see want now, not in a few years. What can be planted on heavy clay soils to delight yourself and guests?
What to plant in clay station
Trees. On clay soil grow any trees. They have a strong root system, so they germinate easily through the dense layers of the earth, we obtain the depth to moisture and nutrients. The plot can be planted like regular trees (birch, spruce, cedar, juniper) and fruit (viburnum, mountain ash, bird cherry, Apple, cherry). Opt for trees such places in the area where they will not interfere with and will not be felled.
Shrubs. Any fruit-bearing bushes (currant, raspberry, BlackBerry) well-accustomed to the clay. But if the summer will be dry, the fruit they will be smaller. To prevent this, the soil under the bushes should be frequently loosened and watered. Better yet, if a place under the bushes to fill with compost and sand. The sand will help the water when watering to get the roots and the compost will give the plant needed nutrients.
Flowers. On the clay grow and blossom well unpretentious flowers. It can be perennial asters, daylilies, Hosta, daisies, heliopsis, Turkish carnation or decorative linen. On clay you can put even everyone's favorite roses. But they have little to improve clay soil is to add sand and peat. For whimsical colors better to make high flower-beds. To do this, buy some soil, make compost. Mix them, and build flower beds, planted flowers in them. So you can grow lilies, irises, tulips.
Vegetables pure clay is not love. And, accordingly, will not grow in it. For growing most vegetables and herbs have a heavy clay soil need to be processed to a loose and lightweight structure. And in clay you can try to plant potatoes, Jerusalem artichokes, turnips, beets, peas and beans. Of course, they will not give much harvest, but eat enough.
On clay you can plant green manure crops. Green manures are plants with a good root system. These include such plants as wheat, oats, rye, mustard. They are planted in early spring, and before planting vegetables cut and buried as fertilizer. Green manure is very beneficial effect on clay soil, soften it, to lure helpful insects and worms.
Useful advice
If you have clay soil in the country, then fertilize it every year in spring and autumn. Over time it will become airy and structural, and you can grow whatever you want.
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