Important for Russia is membership in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). On the territory of the CIS countries outside of Russia live 20 million Russian and Russian-speaking people. This organization, founded in 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union, included most of the former Soviet republics except the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania). In 2014 in the CIS includes, in addition to Russia, Belarus, Moldova, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. Ukraine de facto is included in the CIS, but did not sign the Charter. Did not sign the Charter and Turkmenistan, while declaring themselves as "associate member" of the organization. Georgia after the conflict with Russia withdrew from the CIS in 2009 Russia has the function of protecting the external borders of the CIS in Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Another geopolitically important for Russia, the organization, the EurAsEC Customs Union, where along with it includes Belarus and Kazakhstan. Organization is a form of trade and economic integration, providing a single customs territory. Within this area do not apply economic restrictions and customs duties.
In the Shanghai cooperation organization (SCO) includes Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. The territory of the members of that regional organization of countries takes 60% of the territory of Eurasia. The main declared task of the SCO is strengthening security and stability, economic cooperation, energy partnership, scientific and cultural cooperation, the fight against terrorism, extremism and separatism.
The organization of collective security Treaty (CSTO) is a military-political Union, which in its present form exists since 2002. The CSTO comprises Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Armenia. The stated objective is to protect the joint efforts of the territorial-economic space of the participating countries against military aggression, terrorists and natural disasters.
After 1991, the Soviet Union collapsed, Russia was legally recognized as the successor state of the USSR. So she took the place of the former Soviet Union in the UN Security Council and several other organizations.
The United Nations (UN) is perhaps chief among those that arose after world war II. It was established in 1945 to maintain peace in various regions of the world. She has considerable financial resources, bureaucracy and even the armed forces. Russia was one of the countries that participated in the creation of the United Nations. And being power-winner in the Second world war, she was among the top Executive body of the UN Security Council, where it lies to this day. In this regard, Russia has veto power, i.e. the power to impose a ban on any accept the UN decision.
The organization for security and cooperation in Europe (OSCE) - the one where Russia participates. The aim of the OSCE is to maintain security and peace in Europe.
In addition to the above, the RF is in such organizations as the international monetary Fund (IMF), Council of Europe, Council of Baltic sea States (CBSS), the Barents Euro-Arctic Council (BEAC), the Organization of black sea economic cooperation (BSEC), the United Nations educational, scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO), International atomic energy Agency (IAEA), the world Bank Group, universal postal Union, world intellectual property organization (WIPO), the international aeronautical Federation (FAI), the Asian parliamentary Assembly (APA) etc.
Advice 2: In which international organizations is part of Russia
The Russian Federation is the assignee and successor of USSR's membership in many international organizations. The biggest ones are the UN, where Russia is a permanent member and economic group of Eight.
The UN and the group of Eight
The United Nations is the guarantor of the maintenance of international peace and security. It combines the work of 15 member States. Five of them – Britain, China, Russia, USA and France – are permanent, and ten Australia, Argentina, Luxembourg, Rwanda, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Jordan, Nigeria, Chad and Chile – temporary. The last group of countries changes from time to time. At different times in the list of non-permanent members of the UN security Council included Brazil, Japan, India, Colombia, Pakistan, Italy, Canada, Germany and other countries.
Group of Eight (G8) is similar to the international club, which brings together the UK, Germany, Italy, Canada, Russia, USA, France and Japan. It should be noted that the G8 is not an organisation, since it doesn't have a Charter and approved by the Secretariat. Commonly, the countries that constitute this organization, do not sign any formal pacts, but only agreed to a certain course of conduct in the international arena.
Unfortunately, due to recent events in Ukraine the other members suspended Russia's membership in the Big Eight. However, temporarily and not finally, to resolve the situation.
Other organizations, of which Russia is
This list is pretty extensive. Russia is in many international organizations.
Asian parliamentary Assembly
This structure, established in 1999 as an organization designed to promote peace and community on the planet. In addition to Russia, the Assembly is composed of 40 States;
Asia-Pacific economic cooperation forum. This forum was created to facilitate trade in a particular region. APEC unites 21 countries.
The Arctic Council. It is an organization for the protection of nature polar zones of the Earth. The Council was created in 1996 on the initiative of Finland.
The Eurasian economic community. It is an organization of former republics of the Soviet Union, lobbying the interests of the countries-members of the Customs Union.
The organization of collective security Treaty. It was created in 1992. It is Russia as a permanent Council member.
The organization for security and cooperation in Europe. The organization unites 57 countries from North America, Europe, and Central Asia.
The black sea economic cooperation organization. This structure consists of 12 countries of black sea region and Southern Balkans.
The Council of the Baltic sea States. It was founded in 1992 in Copenhagen with the participation of not only Russia but also Germany, Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Finland, Sweden and Estonia.
The Council Of Europe. This structure oversees the cooperation of member States in the field of human rights and democratic development, and cultural interaction.
The Commonwealth of independent States or CIS. In this organization, in addition to Russia, also includes 9 more countries.