The importance of the element potassium in human body
A large part of the potassium is contained in cells that make up any organism. A small amount is in the interstitial fluid. In the extracellular space it is responsible for the passage of nerve impulses, monitors the contraction of muscles, including the heart muscle, supports high blood pressure. Intracellular potassium regulates the acid-base and water balance, and participates in the nerve cells of the brain, interacts with the enzymes. If you do not restore the balance of this item after receiving diuretics, the lack of it can bring the body to nervousness, can cause severe problems with the heart exposed to a stroke.
Natural loss of potassium in the body occur when the secretion of acid in the digestion of food. Part of the potassium is lost during intensive sweating in the heat or during physical activity. Part is eliminated through the kidneys. The greatest element may be leached from the beginning of the use of certain diuretics. There are drugs that practically do not affect the output of potassium, for example, tripas, and there are those that have a significant impact on his balance.
Diuretic effect diuretic of group tiazidov (gidrokhlorisiazit, furosemide) are based on the conclusion from the body of sodium, followed by sodium excreted water. But apart from sodium, these diuretics and potassium output. Mediators of blood pressure are usually given at the same time a diuretic effect, but they provide a mechanism for savings in potassium, so it is not recommended they take potassium drugs to prevent intoxication from an overdose of this element. Another caveat is associated with the presence in the body of magnesium. Magnesium deficiency does not allow absorption of potassium and prevents the restoration of the balance of this element in the body.
Follow magnesium levels, try to fill it when needed, then receiving potassium-containing drugs will give the desired effect.
How to compensate for the loss of potassium
Under normal conditions, when you suffer kidney disease, hypertension, edema of different nature, you are often doing grueling workouts or heavy physical work with intensive sweating you enough potassium from food. A good source of potassium are tea, coffee, natural cocoa powder, all nuts and sunflower seeds, raisins. Instead of the sodium salt to use salt-preventive food containing potassium salts.
The daily intake of potassium for an adult varies from 2 to 4 grams. With significant physical exertion – up to 5 grams. Only in a woman's body potassium should be approximately 225 g, and the men – 250 g
Developed a series of products, allowing both to restore the balance of potassium and magnesium. Drug "Potassium and magnesium asparaginat" and similar restore electrolyte balance, replenish potassium and magnesium, normalize metabolism. Similar effects of drugs "Aspirin", "Asparkam", "Asparkam".
If you are taking diuretics triazide or diuretic herbs, you should then fill the balance of potassium with the help of the preparation "Asparkam", "Panangin". If you take a diuretic and one of the few who together, it will protect you from the loss of potassium. One tablet of "Asparkam" contains 14.3 mg of potassium. In the tablet "Panangin" and 36.2 mg.
Selection of drugs should trust the doctor, because their combination and mutual influence with inept self-selection may lead to overdose of potassium and harmful consequences for the whole organism.
Advice 2: How to replenish the body with potassium
Deficiency of potassium leads to disruption of the heart, as it is the main nutrient for the heart muscle. Also potassium deficiency and dysregulation of its metabolism increases the risk of depression, and disrupts the kidney, digestive system, etc.
You will need
- - med;
- - Apple cider vinegar;
- - food additives with potassium.
The simplest way of replenishment of potassium in the body is to increase the consumption of products containing it. A lot of potassium in dried apricots, dried apricots, prunes, dried pears and cherries. Enough to eat a handful of soaked dried fruit in the day to compensate for a deficiency of this trace element. Potassium is found in potatoes, so if you have a pronounced lack of potassium, eat it every day (baked or "jacket"). Potassium - rich beets, nuts, beans, peas, cabbage, grapes, etc., Almost all varieties of fish contain potassium. Also, a lot of it in chocolate and sweets.
Create the conditions for better absorption of potassium: add to your diet foods that contain magnesium and vitamin B6 (hazelnut, peanut, fish). Although potassium enough is readily absorbed by the body, facilitating its assimilation it is necessary during the treatment of chronic diseases. When magnesium deficiency impaired absorption of potassium, so be careful that your diet was attended by vegetables and fruits, buckwheat and millet porridge, nuts, rye and wheat bread, cheese, chocolate, etc.
Reduce the percentage of revenues of salt in the body. To abandon it is quite impossible, since sodium and potassium regulate water-salt balance in the body. However, excess salt leads to impaired absorption of potassium. Salt ready meals, and cook without it – so it's easier to control the amount of salt eaten.
All sweet drinks affect the balance of trace elements in the body, in particular, increase the risk of hypokalemia. So refrain from their use at all.
Take potassium-containing dietary supplements and drugs is a quick way to replenish the potassium deficiency and to balance its balance with other elements. You can also drink a vitamin complex, if the violations in the work of minor, or have not yet begun.
To regulate the balance of potassium in the bodyshould be daily to drink a glass of boiled water, in which stir the honey and Apple cider vinegar (a teaspoon). Drink slowly better through a straw.
Advice 3: How to fill the lack of potassium
For the normal functioning of the body requires that people with food received not only proteins, fats and carbohydrates, but also essential vitamins and micronutrients. One of the most important is potassium. It affects many vital body systems such as cardiovascular, nervous, muscular, excretory, etc. At a low concentration of potassium in the body may occur serious failures: worse reflexes, metabolism, lowered blood pressure, the person will quickly get tired, to feel weak.
First of all determine that the above symptoms are caused by hypokalemia, that is, a deficit of potassium, and not some other cause. To do this, consult your doctor, get tested and make the biochemical analysis of blood.
If it is confirmed that the content of potassium is low, you need to adjust the diet, increasing intake of foods rich in these micronutrients. It is primarily lettuce, bananas, potatoes, oranges, grapefruits, lemons. A lot of potassium also in sunflower seeds, spicy greens (dill, parsley, mint).
In agreement with the doctor take drugs that increase the level of potassium. Thus it is necessary to carefully monitor the health, and, if necessary, make the control of biochemical analysis of blood, because the content of potassium is higher than normal is also harmful and can lead to serious diseases.
It is very important to establish the cause of lack of potassium in the body. The fact that this drawback may be caused by overexertion, unordered routine, poor diet, fatigue, physical and psychological, and the more serious causes. For example, a deficiency of this microelement may be indicative of various diseases of the liver and kidneys, dysfunction of the endocrine glands, chronic lack of glucose in the body (hypoglycemia), dropsy and many other diseases. If in the first case, it is sufficient to adjust the diet and maintain a healthy, measured way of life, avoiding fatigue, stress, the second can not do without treatment.
To establish an accurate diagnosis and choose the most effective treatment can only specialist. Therefore, in no case do not tighten with a visit to a medical facility!
Advice 4: How to bring potassium from the body
Hyperkalemia is the condition of the body when the amount of potassium in the blood exceeding 5 mmol per liter. Hyperkalemia is more dangerous lack of potassium, so if in the result of analysis you have put such diagnosis, quickly take action.
You will need
- - diuretics;
- - tablets with a resin;
- - a solution of calcium, insulin and glucose;
- - dialysis.
Generally mild hyperkalemia goes unnoticed for a person. It can be detected accidentally during blood donation or passing the electrocardiogram. In some cases, the patient can feel the rhythm of the heartbeat.
Hyperkalemia is difficult to earn due to the common fascination with products containing large amounts of potassium (these include honey, millet porridge and bran, Apple cider vinegar). In a healthy person it may occur as a result of taking drugs that block the excretion of potassium from the body. If in your situation this is what happened, stop the medication. Try not to use kalisoderjasimi products and drink plenty of water. The trace will appear in a natural way and its level in the blood quickly return to normal.
Excess potassium in the blood may appear in the result of various diseases of kidneys, adrenal glands, as well as the sudden release of large quantities of potassium from the cells, for example, in severe injuries involving crushing of tissue, extensive burns. In such cases, the removal of excess amounts of the trace element should engage a doctor, as this condition is life threatening. In relatively mild cases, patients whose kidneys are functioning normally, prescribe diuretics, which increase the rate of excretion of potassium from the body along with water. Also prescribe products that contain resin, which can absorb potassium and excrete it with the stool, but this itself is not absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract.
To remove excess potassium in severe cases, doctors use dialysis. Also the patient may be administered an intravenous solution of glucose, calcium and insulin. Calcium provides heart protection from excess potassium, and insulin with glucose trace element transfer from the blood into the cells of organs and tissues.