For whom he wrote Andersen
Today, Andersen is called a genius storyteller, his works – fairy tales for children, however, the writer believed that it did not properly understand his creation and more like a cautionary tale. In addition, he did not like children, and have repeatedly said that creates his works for adults. Most of Andersen's fairy tales have been adapted and largely mitigated, the original version is impregnated with Christian motives, they are more dark and harsh.
A difficult childhood
It is believed that one of the reasons for the brutal tales of the writer was his difficult childhood. Critics, contemporaries Andersen, frequently attacked him, did not recognize his talent, accusing "hudesti kind" and "mediocrity." The tale of the Ugly duckling is ridiculed, called an autobiographical work with elements libel. This is partly true, the author subsequently admitted that he is the most "ugly duckling" become "white Swan". Andersen's childhood passed in poverty, lack of understanding from family and peers. The father and stepfather of the writer was a cobbler, his mother a laundress, and foster sister, according to the researchers, prostitute. He was ashamed of his kindred, and after he achieved fame, almost until his death did not come back to his hometown.
Andersen admitted that some of the ideas for his works he borrowed from the folk tales of Denmark, Germany, England and other Nations. About "the little Mermaid" he said that it is worth it to her to write again.
At school he was given a diploma, for which he was repeatedly beaten by the teacher. However, the spelling he never possessed, Andersen until old age wrote a terrible mistake. Over the next storyteller was bullied by neighborhood boys, teachers and pupils in school and later in high school, humiliated him in the first place of work. In addition, the writer unlucky in love, Andersen was never married and had no children. His Muse did not reciprocate, in retaliation, were charged images of "Snow Queen", a Princess from the fairy tale "the Swineherd".
Andersen ancestors in the maternal line was considered in Odense mentally ill. His father and grandfather argued that in their veins flows the Royal blood, these stories are so strongly influenced storyteller that in his childhood his only friend was an imaginary Prince of Frits, the future king of Denmark. Today I would say that Anderson was a highly developed imagination, but at the time it was considered almost insane. When the writer asked how he writes his stories, he said that the characters just come to him and tell their stories.
Andersen has become a cultural visionary of his era. In fairy tales "the little Mermaid", "snow Queen", "the Wild swans" with a touch of feminism is alien to the contemporaries of the writer, but in demand a few decades later.
In another version of the "terrible" Andersen's fairy tales was due to periodic depressions, exhausting him throughout his life and dissatisfaction in the sexual sphere. Until the end of his life, the writer remained a virgin, although he attended the public houses, but never have used their services. He had seen "abominations" caused him only disgust, so spending time there he preferred in conversations with prostitutes.
Advice 2 : Terrible tales from Scandinavian folklore, which is not recommended to read to children at night
A Swedish tale of an orphan
Town Dalland was gripped by a terrible epidemic. The citizens were panic-stricken, and nobody knew how to beat this mysterious disease. Gradually I started to panic, many have decided to flee the city. And then in Dalland was the old man from Finland, who knew how to defeat this attack.
It turns out that to save the people, you must bring someone to the victim, and not just to kill, but to bury alive in the ground. First, the villagers bury a live cock, but the disease has not receded, and then came the goats, but it did not give the desired effect. Now it was decided to sacrifice a man, but who?
The choice of the inhabitants of the town fell to a hungry orphan boy (who is to be pitied). Tricky adults are lured the child with bread and a naive boy fell into a prepared grave.
The townspeople began to throw the pit despite the fact that the orphan cried and begged not to do so. Afterwards some people claimed to have heard the cries of the boy from the ground, even after his death. An innocent child was accusing people of cruelty and lamented his unhappy fate.
The Swedish tale of the ghosts of Christmas
Usually before Christmas, all the evil spirits on earth become for some time powerless, but apparently this does not apply to Sweden.
One woman decided to go to the midnight Christmas service in the Church. On the road she took the bread baked in the shape of a cross, to satisfy his hunger. Along the way she met two witches. The witch wanted to kill her, but scared away the cross that was in the pocket of a woman.
Unhappy parishioner still made it to Church, but when she sat down on the bench, heard the voice of his godfather. He told her that she may die, but he will try to save her.
Suddenly, the woman noticed that all the people who are in the Church, no goal. The poor woman in horror rushed to the exit, and the ghosts rushed after her and managed to rip off her headscarf.
When unhappy in the morning he returned to the Church, he saw that her shawl is torn into small pieces, which were scattered among the graves at a nearby cemetery.
Swedish fairy tale about a cunning Kittu Grau
Kitt Grau was such an evil woman that was even personally acquainted with the devil himself. Once Kitt and argued with by the Prince of Darkness that will be able to cause more evil people than him.
Evil woman said I would be able to break the newlyweds, which previously was not able to separate the devil himself. The challenge was accepted and as a reward for success Kite was promised incredibly beautiful shoes.
Kitta Grau had persuaded the young woman to shave my husband while he's sleeping to forever banish from your heart the anger and become completely happy.
Then the treacherous woman went to the young husband and told him that his beloved was going to stab him in his sleep. And here's a man pretends that sleeps, and naive wife approaches him with a razor. And starts such a scandal that the happy couple recently almost killed each other.
The marriage was destroyed, and Kitt Grau got new shoes.
The Norwegian tale which explains why the sea is salty
One poor man came to his brother asking him to give his family some food. A rich relative gave the poor man a piece of good ham, but said that next time let the man turns to the devil for help. The poor heeded the advice of his brother and found the hut of the devil, where I successfully bartered a piece of ham on the magic mill that can grind anything you want.
In the family of the poor went smoothly, now he has become richer his successful brother and could get any thing you want. The rich brother began to inquire of his former poor relation about the secret of his sudden prosperity, he innocently told him of a magic mill, received from the Devil.
Jealous brother offered to buy the mill for any money, and the poor man agreed, but did not tell the greedy relative, how to stop the mill.
Blinded by greed, the rich man ordered the mill to make porridge and herring and did it so much that flooded the city. Then he ran back to his brother and asked to take back the devil's mill, for which the resourceful poor man demanded with a relative greater amount of money. The transaction took place.
Time passed, and about the amazing mill knew a wealthy visiting merchant, who was selling very expensive at the time, salt decided to get her at any cost. After long negotiations, a merchant acquired the mill for a huge sum and immediately set off.
However, overseas merchant didn't know how to stop this diabolical mechanism. He ordered the mill to make salt. At this time the ship sank, he greedy merchant died, and the mill is working and still making the sea water is salty.
The Danish fairy tale about the wife of a pastor
One woman married a pastor, but in her heart lived in deep fear: she didn't want to have children. She decided to seek the advice of a local witch who foretold her seven children. The witch said that the woman needs to take and throw seven stone – then she will not.
The woman performed the ritual and her life together with the pastor went on as usual. One evening the pastor found that his wife doesn't cast a shadow. He realized that his wife has committed some terrible sin, but she categorically refused to explain anything. Enraged, the pastor kicked a woman out of the house and all the villagers were forbidden to help her. He cursed her and said that he will forgive her only when, on the stone table in his kitchen will grow red rose.
The poor woman wandered on different roads, until he met another priest, who volunteered to help her in her grief. He had told her to spend the night in the Church with the book that he give it to her. Had no one to give a book until the morning, although many will ask that.
The night of the poor woman circled the souls of her unborn children, and the next morning the priest told her that she was forgiven, but I have today to leave this world.
The woman went to her village to see before death of her husband, but that was not at home. One villager took pity on her and sheltered. On the same day the poor woman died, and on the stone table in the rectory blossomed red rose. The pastor rushed to find his wife and found her dead in the house of his fellow villager, crazy of fallen on him grief and died.
The Finnish tale about a cunning Fox and a wolf
The wolf and the wolf had three children. However, the wolf soon died. Disconsolate wolf had to find a babysitter for their young. He searched the whole forest in search of suitable candidates. The cubs loved lullabies, but none of the forest dwellers could not sing to him a lullaby like the wolf. In the end, the wolf met a Fox, which is just amazing, she could sing. He asked her to look after the cubs while he was hunting.
On the first day the wolf brought back from hunting, fresh horsemeat. He wanted to see their children, but Fox said that those already asleep. Wolf again went hunting, and the Fox she ate horse meat that was left for the cubs. To look after the young Fox didn't want, and it simply ate one of the cub.
As time went on. Wolf came home from hunting tired, and the Fox gradually ate all his children. One day the wolf stated firmly that he wants to finally see his offspring and then the Fox realized that he was in trouble and began to run away. The wolf gave chase, but not catch in time. It seems he managed to grab her paw, but the Fox tricked him again by giving his paw for the root of the tree. The Fox disappeared and the wolf was left in complete loneliness and despair.