Responsibility lies under the law
In article 51 of the Constitution States that you can refuse to testify in a criminal case. This can be done if you don't want to give them against himself, his spouse and close relatives. To the next of kin, paragraph 4 of article 5 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation include spouse, parents, children, adoptive parents and adopted children, brothers and sisters, grandparents and grandchildren. In all other cases to assist the court in the investigation of your civic duty. Assuming you truthfully and accurately needs to outline all the facts known to you on interesting court issue.
In the case when you deliberately want to introduce the court into error, for some reason, distorting the truth, it's called perjury and is a criminal offence. Article 307 of the criminal procedure code provides for punishment for this act, thereby equating it to a criminal offense.
As can be punished for perjury
The degree of punishment depends on the degree of damage that was caused by your false testimony. In fact, you interfere with the normal activities of the court, investigation and inquiry by obtaining reliable evidence. Your lie has become an obstacle to truth and could lead to the imposition of unjust judgment, to violate not only the interests of justice, but also personality.
Part 1 of article 307 punishes deliberate lie to result in a fine in the amount of 80 thousand rubles, other monetary sanctions, or compulsory works and imprisonment for up to three months. In the case of causing more serious damage to the consequence of the offence as regards 2 articles 307, in this case, you may be punished by deprivation of liberty for a term up to five years.
But the law provided grounds for the release of persons who had given false testimony from criminal liability. This reason can be considered threats, pressure and intimidation by third party, other forms of compulsion to this crime. In addition, you can be exempt from liability if, in the course of the trial, voluntarily declare the falsity of your testimony. Sentencing for perjury, the court will take into account your personality, the circumstances of the case and whether you have a criminal record. If the conviction is removed, take into account the fact it will not.