Causes of pinched nerves in the lower back
As a rule, the main causes of pinched nerves in the lower back serve a degenerative disease of the spine (spinal tumor, disc herniation, spondylosis, osteochondrosis, etc.).
A herniated disc is a protrusion of the internal structures of the gelatinous nucleus pulposus (intervertebral cartilage) through the fibrous ring (defect in the shell). If this feature is located near the exit of the lumbar nerves, as the growth of the hernia or with an awkward movement is a natural pinched nerve root.
In osteochondrosis pinched nerve in the lower back develops gradually. This happens with the development of muscle spasm and increasing swelling in inflamed tissues. Inflammation develops on the background of metabolic disorders in the connective tissue and the degenerative process. To provoke and aggravate the situation can excessive stress, hypothermia and other factors.
Spondylolisthesis - displacement of one vertebra in any direction relative to the underlying. It occurs when the destruction of the intervertebral disc. While spinal canals are narrowed on both sides. This disease is bilateral compression of the nerve roots.
If spondylosis is the development along the edges of the vertebrae bone spurs, reminiscent of thorns, so called osteophytes. If they are formed in the region of the intervertebral canal, the cramping usually becomes chronic. In this case, there is a feeling as if the back is jammed. In such cases often requires surgical intervention.
A pinched nerve in the lower back may be associated with posttraumatic complications. In compression fractures, dislocations and other injuries occur often to pinched nerve fibers.
In the first place when the pinched nerve be sure to seek the advice of a neurologist or your primary care doctor. Only an experienced specialist can accurately diagnose and prescribe the necessary treatment.
If the cause of the disease was inflammation, in some cases, prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs number of injections, tablets or ointments. A great effect is given hormonal injections and ointments steroid drugs, the so-called blockade.
Decreasing the inflammatory process specialist can offer a set of special exercises. They effectively strengthen muscular corset, preventing the aggravation of the process in the future.
A pinched nerve endings eliminates various osteopathic and chiropractic techniques. In this case, the pain syndrome over time is eliminated.
Improving metabolism, enhancing blood circulation, muscle relaxation is achieved with the help of physiotherapy techniques (electromassage, magnetotherapy, stimulation, electrophoresis, etc.). Helps segmental and acupressure.