Causes and symptoms of low level of white blood cells
The main reasons for the decrease of white blood cells in the body are: a strong depletion of the body, prolonged exposure to radiation, analgesics, antibiotics, antiviral drugs, anaphylactic shock, cancer, certain other diseases: influenza, rubella, typhoid, measles, malaria. A short-term decrease of white blood cells may be caused by a condition of excess, the characteristics of the diet. Norma leukocytes for men is 4.3-11.3 billion/l for females and 3.2-10.2 billion/L.
The primary signs of decreasing level of white blood cells: fever, rapid pulse, headache, General malaise, chills. Due to the weakening of the immune system is rapidly developing a variety of infections. Leukopenia an extreme degree due to a critical decrease in the number of leukocytes in the blood, this condition can be dangerous to human life. At the advanced radiation doubles the risk of Contracting AIDS and neoplastic diseases, when severe lesions of the bone marrow production of white blood cells can break down entirely.
Treatment of leukopenia
For elimination of radiation necessary to eliminate the cause of its occurrence. You need to be sure to consult a specialist. If low white blood cell count in the blood was caused by chronic disease or immunodeficiency, to improve the state may appoint Immunostimulants – "Immunal", "Kamedonov" tincture of Siberian ginseng, Echinacea. To increase leukocytes after chemotherapy prescribe special drugs that increase the lifespan of white blood cells and accelerate their maturation and release from bone marrow. These tools include: "Methyluracil", "Lenograstim", "Stronger", "Neupogen", "Leykomaks", "Filgrastim" and others.
Plays an important role and nutrition. Leukopenia diet should consist of foods that improve the function of hematopoiesis. You must eat meals containing protein, vitamin B12, folic acid. Recommended vegetables, herbs, fruits, berries. Animal fats need to replace the plant. After consultation with the doctor, you can use the recipes of traditional medicine: take a decoction of oats or herbal teas specially selected medicinal herbs. To strengthen the immune system will be useful tempering procedures. Their systematic application improves the function of blood.
Advice 2 : How to treat leukopenia
Under leukopenia understand the decrease in the level of white blood cells in the bloodstream below 4*10^9/l not less than three blood tests in a row. Often, the level of white blood cells may be reduced in autoimmune diseases, as a reaction to some drugs, toxins or be the result of recent infections. Mainly leukopenia is a symptom and occurs in various pathologies, but fatty degeneration of bone marrow and aplastic anemia becomes self-important.
You will need
- -clinical (General) blood test;
- -doctor's consultation (therapist, hematologist).
Give blood for clinical (General) analizzatori lowering the level of blood cells by their appearance is very often impossible, therefore, required laboratory tests. The leukocyte count manually more reliable than the analyzer.
Contact your doctor if your blood level is lowered leukocytoclastic changes in the blood is the only symptom and they are diagnosed during medical examination of the population and the passage of the medical commissions, but the lack of external manifestations - not always a sign of prosperity.
Be patient during obsledovanie important to understand the mechanism of lowering of white blood cells for further treatment. The cause of the radiation detected by observation of the patient, taking repeated tests of the blood count with platelets and reticulocytes. Assess the structural and functional state of the liver and spleen through an objective examination, ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity, the biochemical blood tests. In the urine trying to identify hemosiderin. The decline in leukocyte count may occur with thyrotoxicosis, therefore, conduct palpation of the thyroid gland, if necessary, ultrasound.
Do not refuse invasive procedures and re-analyzable exception of leukemia and aplastic anemia do a painful bone marrow puncture. Found leukopenia in septic conditions, therefore, may require repeated blood cultures for sterility and echocardiography to exclude endocarditis.
Be Frank in discussions with recommitment and lifestyle are not the final value. The cause of leukopenia may be an autoimmune disease (systemic lupus erythematosus), toxic effect of alcohol or drugs (cytotoxic agents, sedatives, sulfonamides, NSAIDs, etc.), ionizing radiation, certain physiological state. Reduction of leukocytes in the blood is fairly non-specific symptom, so the diagnostic search is usually guided by concomitant symptoms.
Take a course of treatment by appointment specialistov most cases leukopenia is a symptom, so the therapy of the underlying disease. If the cause is infection, connect antimicrobials. Autoimmune disease mostly require supplementation of corticosteroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cytostatics. When liver disease is prescribed hepatoprotectors, in diseases of the thyroid gland seek to normalize thyroid status. When the radiationx caused by an external agent, eliminating the causative factor. If there is evidence, can be assigned stimulators of hematopoiesis (batilol, stronger, vitamins, metiluratsil, pentoxy).
Do not despair if you have found a disease craveonline years with many hematological diseases successfully compete. Aplastic anemia is treated with substitution transfusion of blood components, conduct bone marrow transplantation. In leukemia chemotherapy courses, also transplanted bone marrow.
- remember that even in good health leukopenia can be a symptom of a serious disease.